Caspar David Friedrich Biography and Artwork

Caspar David Friedrich was a renowned German Romantic landscape painter who was born on September 5, 1774. He grew up in a religious household and experienced the loss of his mother and sisters at an early age. Friedrich is considered one of the most important figures of the German Romantic movement, thanks to his mid-period allegorical landscapes and seascapes that depict how humans are powerless against natural forces.

Friedrich produced over 500 works during his lifetime, with many being attributed to him after his death. His paintings often feature dramatic rocky landscapes, rugged coastlines, and Gothic ruins enshrouded in misty atmospheres that convey both awe-inspiring natural beauty and melancholic introspection. Amongst Friedrich’s most popular works were “Monk by the Sea” and “Two Men Contemplating the Moon.”

Aside from being a recognized painter, Friedrich was known for supporting German liberal and nationalist causes during his time. His life’s work was characterized by solemnity that reflected personal losses as well as contemplation on human existence. Caspar David Friedrich is one of Germany’s great artists whose work has left an enduring impact on modern painting until today.

All Caspar David Friedrich Artwork on Artchive

Artwork Name Year Medium
The Sea of Ice 1823 - 1824 Oil on Canvas
Riesengebirge c.1830 - c.1835 Oil on Canvas
Tetschen Altar or Cross in the Mountains 1807-08 Oil on Canvas
Chalk Cliffs on Rugen 1818-19 Oil on Canvas
Cloister Cemetery in the Snow 1817-19 Oil on Canvas
Large Enclosure c. 1832 Oil on Canvas
Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog 1818 Oil on Canvas
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