Claude Monet – Biography of the French Painter

Claude Monet
Claude Monet

Claude Monet was a French painter born on 14 November 1840 in Paris, France. Monet painted early on and later attended the Academie Suisse in Paris. His military service in Algiers temporarily halted his career. On his return, Monet continued his studies in the studio of Charles Gleyre. In 1865, he exhibited two of his paintings at the Paris Salon.

Monet partnered with other Impressionist artists to organize exhibitions separate from the Salon. The 1880s and 1890s brought Monet his most successful period as an artist through several commissions and patronages worldwide. Due to flailing health conditions and the tragic effect of losing his wife and child, Monet spent his last years tending to his garden and rarely painting. He died on 5 December 1926 in Giverny, France.

What was Claude Monet Known For?

Claude Monet was known for his immense contributions to the development of Impressionism. Monet’s work – Impression, Sunrise – displayed at the first exhibition of the Impressionist in Paris in 1874, led to the naming of the movement. The painting, rich in color and representation of light, showcased the primary techniques that recurred in all of Monet’s artworks.

Who was Claude Monet Influenced By?

The influences on Monet’s work came from different artists. Eugene Boudin encouraged him to paint outdoors, and Monet adopted Plein air painting throughout his career. While in Paris, Monet associated with many landscape painters, such as Edouard Manet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Edgar Degas, who came together to become the exponents of Impressionism.

What Art Movement was Claude Monet Associated With?

Claude Monet was associated with the Impressionism art movement. Monet and his colleagues focused on capturing the changing views of Paris, focusing on color application and the changing effects of light.

Early Life and Education

Oscar-Claude Monet was born on November 14, 1840, in Paris, France. Raised in Le Havre, a coastal town in Normandy, Monet displayed a passion for art from a young age. His talent was evident, and he began selling charcoal caricatures as a teenager to help support his family.

In 1859, Monet moved to Paris to pursue formal art training. He studied under Charles Gleyre, a respected Swiss painter, where he met fellow artists who would later become key figures in the Impressionist movement, including Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, and Frédéric Bazille.

Early Career and Influences

During his formative years, Monet was heavily influenced by the works of the Barbizon School painters, particularly Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot and Eugène Boudin. These artists emphasized painting en plein air (outdoors), capturing the fleeting effects of light and atmosphere.

Monet’s early works, such as “Impression, Sunrise” (1872), which gave the Impressionist movement its name, showcased his fascination with capturing the momentary sensations of nature. His loose brushwork and emphasis on light and color over detail challenged the conventions of academic art.

The Impressionist Movement

In 1874, Monet participated in the first Impressionist exhibition held in Paris. The term “Impressionism” was initially used derisively by critics to describe the perceived unfinished quality of the works displayed. However, Monet and his contemporaries embraced the term, recognizing it as a reflection of their shared commitment to depicting the sensory experience of the world.

Key characteristics of Monet’s Impressionist style include:

  1. Capturing the effects of light: Monet was fascinated by the interplay of light and color in nature. He often painted the same scene at different times of day to explore how light transformed the landscape.
  2. Broken brushwork: Rather than blending colors seamlessly, Monet used short, distinct brushstrokes to create vibrant and textured surfaces that shimmer with energy.
  3. Plein air painting: Monet preferred to work outdoors, directly observing and capturing the natural world. This allowed him to infuse his paintings with a sense of immediacy and spontaneity.
  4. Emphasis on atmosphere: Monet’s paintings often prioritize mood and atmosphere over precise representation. He sought to convey the emotional impact of a scene rather than its exact details.

Later Life and Legacy

In his later years, Monet focused increasingly on series paintings, in which he explored variations of a single subject under different lighting conditions. Perhaps his most famous series is the “Water Lilies” paintings, created in his garden at Giverny. These monumental works, characterized by their ethereal beauty and sense of tranquility, are considered masterpieces of the Impressionist movement.

Monet continued to paint until his death on December 5, 1926, at the age of 86. His influence on subsequent generations of artists cannot be overstated. His experimental approach to color, composition, and technique paved the way for modern art movements such as Abstract Expressionism and Color Field painting.

Today, Monet’s works are cherished by art lovers around the world and are housed in prestigious museums and private collections. His legacy as a pioneer of Impressionism endures, serving as a testament to the power of art to capture the fleeting beauty of the natural world.


All Claude Monet Artwork on Artchive

Artwork Name Year Medium
Camille Monet at the Window, Argentuile 1873
Camille Monet in the Garden 1873
Camille Monet in the Garden at the House in Argenteuil 1876
Etretat, Cliff of d`Aval, Sunset 1885
Etretat, Sunset 1883
Etretat the Aval Door Fishing Boats Leaving the Harbour 1885
Etretat, the Beach and the Porte d'Aval 1883
Etretat, the Needle Rock and Porte d'Aval 1885
Evening at Argenteuil 1876
Evening Effect of the Seine 1881
Farm near Honfleur 1864
Farmyard 1878
Farmyard at Chailly 1865
Haystacks at Sunset, Frosty Weather 1891; Giverny, France oil,canvas
Haystacks, Last Sunrays 1890; Giverny, France oil,canvas
Haystacks, Overcast Day 1884
Grainstack, Sun in the Mist 1891; Giverny, France oil,canvas
Grainstacks, White Frost Effect 1888 - 1889; Giverny, France oil,canvas
Head of the Dog 1882
Heavy Sea at Pourville 1897
House of Parliament Sun 1903
Houses at Argenteuil 1873
Houses at Falaise in the Fog 1885
Misty Morning on the Seine, Sunrise 1897
Monte Carlo Seen from Roquebrune 1884
Morning at Etretat 1883 oil,canvas
Morning by the Sea 1881
Morning Landscape, Giverny 1888
Morning on the Seine 1893
Morning on the Seine 02 1896
Morning on the Seine 02 1897
Morning on the Seine 1896
Morning on the Seine 1897
Poplars On The Banks Of The River Epte 1891
Poplars on the Banks of the River Epte, Overcast Weather 1891
Poplars on the Banks of the River Epte, Seen from the Marsh 1891 - 1892
Poplars on the Epte 1891
Poplars, Row in Autumn 1891
Poplars, View from the Marsh 1891 - 1892
Poplars, Wind Effect 1891
Poppies at Giverny 1887
Poppy Field 1881
Poppy Field, Argenteuil 1875
Rouen Cathedral, the Portal, Morning Fog 1894
Rouen Cathedral, West Facade, Noon 1894
Rouen Cathedral, West Facade, Sunlight 1894 oil,canvas
Rough Sea 1881
Rough Sea at Etretat 1868 - 1869 oil,canvas
Rough Sea at Etretat 1883 oil,canvas
Rowboat on the Seine at Jeufosse 1884
Sailboat at Le Petit-Gennevilliers 1874
Sailboats 1864 - 1866
Sailboats at Sea, Pourville 1882
Sunset 1880; France oil,canvas
Taking a Walk on the Cliffs of Sainte-Adresse 1867
The Lunch: decorative panel c.1874 oil
The Allee du Champ de Foire at Argenteuil 1874
The Ally Point, Low Tide 1882
The Alps Seen from Cap d'Antibes 1888
The Arm of the Seine 1878
The Arm of the Siene at Jeufosse, Afternoon 1884
The Artist's Family in the Garden 1875
The Artist's Garden at Giverny c.1900
The Garden 1876
The Garden at Giverny 1922 - 1924
The Garden at Vetheuil 1881 oil,canvas
The Garden Gate 1881
The Garden Gate at Vetheuil 1876
The Garden Gate at Vetheuil 1881
The Garden, Hollyhocks 1877
The Garden of Monet at Argenteuil 1873
The Garden of the Princess 1867 oil,canvas
The Gorge at Varengeville, Late Afternoon 1897
The Palazzo Ducale 2 1908
The Pave de Chailly 1865
The Pave de Chailly in the Fontainbleau Forest 1865
The Pave de Chailly in the Forest 1865
The Pink Skiff 1890
The Pink Skiff, Boating on the Ept 1887
The Plain of Colombes, White Frost 1873 oil,canvas
The Pointe du Petit Ailly 1897
The Pointe of Heve 1864 oil,canvas
The Pond at Montgeron 1876
The Seine Below Rouen 1872 oil,canvas
The Seine Estuary at Honfluer 1865
The Seine near Argenteuil 1874
The Seine near Bougival 1872
The Seine near Giverny 1885
The Seine near Giverny 1888
Vase of Dahlias 1883
Vase of Flowers 1882 oil,canvas
Vase of Peonies 1882
Vase of Tulips 1885
Venice, Rio de Santa Salute 1908 oil,canvas
Vernon Church in Fog 1893 oil,canvas
Vetheuil 1879
Vetheuil 1880
Vetheuil 1901 oil,canvas
Weeping Willow and Water-Lily Pond 1916 - 1919
Weeping Willow, Giverny 1920 - 1922
Wharf of Louvre, Paris 1867 oil,canvas
Stacks of Wheat (End of Summer) 1890 - 1891; Giverny, France oil,canvas
White Azaleas in a Pot 1885
White Azaleas in a Pot 1882 - 1885
White Clematis 1887 oil,canvas
White Frost 1875
Camille Monet on a Garden Bench 1873
Camille Monet On Her Deathbed 1879
Camille on the Beach 1870 - 1871
Camille on the Beach at Trouville 1870
Camille Sitting on the Beach at Trouville 1870 - 1871
Camille with a Small Dog 1866
Camille with Green Parasol 1876
Canal in Amsterdam 1874
Cap Martin 1884
Cap Martin 2 1884
Festival at Argenteuil 1872
Field of Poppies 1873
Field of Yellow Irises at Giverny 1887
Fields of Flowers and Windmills near Leiden 1886
Fields of Tulip With The Rijnsburg Windmill 1886
Fisherman's Cottage at Varengeville 1882
Fisherman's House at Varengeville 1882
Fisherman`s House in Petit-Ailly 1882
Fishing Boats 1885
Fishing Boats at Etretat 1873
Houses in the Snow 1895
Houses in the Snow, Norway 1895
Houses of Parliament 1904
Houses of Parliament at Sunset 1903
Houses of Parliament, Effect of Sunlight in the Fog 1904
Houses of Parliament, Fog Effect 1903
Houses of Parliament, Fog Effect 1900 - 1901
Houses of Parliament in Winter 1903
Houses of Parliament, Sunset 1904
Houses of Parliament, Sunset 02 1904
Morning on the Seine at Giverny 02 1897
Morning on the Seine, Clear Weather 1897
Morning on the Seine, Clear Weather 02 1897
Morning on the Seine in the Rain 1897 - 1898
Morning on the Seine, Mist 1897
Morning on the Seine near Giverny 1897
Morning on the Seine near Giverny 02 1897 oil,canvas
Morning on the Seine, near Giverny 1896
Morning on the Seine near Giverny, the Fog 1893
Poppy Field at Giverny 1885
Poppy Field in a Hollow near Giverny 1885
Poppy Field in Giverny 1890
Poppy Field in Giverny 02 1890
Poppy Field in Giverny 03 1890; Giverny, France
Poppy Field near Vetheuil 1879
Port d `Amount Etretat 1873
Port d`Aval 1926
Port d`Aval, Rough Sea 1883
Sailing At Sainte Adresse 1873
Sailing Boats at Honfleur 1866
Saint-Adresse, Beached Sailboat 1865
Sainte-Adresse, Fishing Boats on the Shore 1867
Saint Germain l'Auxerrois 1867
Saint-Lazare Gare, Normandy Train 1887
Saint-Lazare Station, Arrival of a Train 1877
Saint-Lazare Station, Exterior 1876
Saint-Lazare Station, Exterior 1877
Saint-Lazare Station, Exterior View 1877
The Artist's Garden at Vétheuil 1880
The Artist's House at Argenteuil 1873
The Artist's House at Giverny 1913
The Artist's House from the Rose Garden 1922 - 1924 oil,canvas
The Artist's House in Argenteuil 1876
The Artist's House, View from the Rose Garden 1922 - 1924
The Avenue 1878
The Ball Shaped Tree, Argenteuil 1876
The Banks of the Fjord at Christiania 1895
The Banks of the River Epte at Giverny 1887
The Grand Canal 1908
The Grand Canal 02 1908
The Grand Canal 03 1908 oil,canvas
The Grand Canal and Santa Maria della Salute 1908
The Grand Canal in Venice 01 1908
The Grand Canal, Venice 1908
The Grand Dock at Le Havre 1872 oil,canvas
The Grande Creuse by the Bridge at Vervy 1889
The Grand Street Entering to Argenteuil, Winter 1885
The Green Wave 1866
The Pond at Montgeron 2 1876
The Pond with Ducks in Autumn 1873
The Pont de l'Europe, Gare Saint-Lazare 1877 oil,canvas
The Pont Neuf 1872
The pool seen from the bridge Argenteuil 1874
The Port at Zaandam 1871
The Port of Le Havre, Night Effect 1873
The Port of London 1871
The Promenade, Argenteuil 1875
The Promenade at Argenteuil 1872
The Seine near Giverny 1897
The Seine near Vetheuil 1897
The Seine near Vetheuil, Stormy Weather 1878
The Seine, seen from the heights Chantemesle 1881
The Sheltered Path 1873
The Shoot 1876 oil,canvas
Argenteuil 1872
Argenteuil 1875 oil,canvas
Argenteuil Bridge 1874
Argenteuil, Flowers by the Riverbank 1877
Argenteuil, Late Afternoon 1872
Argenteuil Seen from the Small Arm of the Seine 1872
Argenteuil, Seen from the Small Arm of the Seine 1872
Argenteuil, the Hospice 1872
Argenteuil, The Seine 1872
Arm of the Seine near Vetheuil 1878
Arriving at Montegeron 1876
Asters 1880
Antibes Seen from the Salis Gardens 02 1888
Antibes - View of the Salis Gardens 1888
Apple Trees in Bloom 1873
Apple Trees in Bloom at Giverny 1900 - 1901
Apple Trees in Blossom by the Water 1880
Apple Trees near Vetheuil 1878
Apple Trees on the Chantemesle Hill 1878
A Windmill near Zaandam 1871 oil,canvas
A Woman Reading 1872
Adolphe Monet Reading in the Garden 1866
Agapanthus 1914 - 1917
Agapanthus (center panel) c.1920
Agapanthus Flowers 1914 - 1917
Alice Hoschede in the Garden 1881
A Corner of the Garden at Montgeron 1877 oil,canvas
A Corner of the Studio 1861 oil,canvas
A Farmyard in Normandy c.1863 oil,canvas
A Haystack in the Evening Sun 1891; Giverny, France oil,canvas
The Siene at Argentuil 1872
The Seine at Argenteuil 1873
The Siene at Lavacourt, Effect of Snow 1879
The Siene at Vetheuil 1880
Vetheuil c.1880 oil,canvas
Vetheuil, Afternoon 1901
Vetheuil at Sunset 1901
Vetheuil, Barge on the Seine 1901 - 1902
Vetheuil, Flowering Plum Trees 1879
Vetheuil, Ice Floes 1881
Vetheuil in Summer 1880
Water Lilies 1908
White Poppy 1883 oil,canvas
Wild Poppies, near Argenteuil 1873 oil,canvas
Willows at Sunset 1889
Willows, Giverny 1886
Willows in Springtime 1885
Windmill at Zaandam 1871
Windmill near Zaandam 1871
Windmill on the Onbekende Canal, Amsterdam 1874
Windmills at Haaldersbroek, Zaandam 1871
Alley near Pourville 1882
Amsterdam 1874
Amsterdam in the Snow 1874
Andre Lauvray 1880
Anglers on the Seine at Poissy 1882
An Orchard in Spring 1886
Antibes, Afternoon Effect 1888
Antibes in the Morning 1888
Antibes Seen from the Cape, Mistral Wind 1888
Antibes Seen from the Salis Gardens 01 1888
Cap Martin 3 1884
Carrieres-Saint-Denis 1872 oil,canvas
Cart on the Snow Covered Road with Saint-Simeon Farm 1865
Charing Cross Bridge 1899
Charing Cross Bridge 02 1902
Charing Cross Bridge 03 1899
Charing Cross Bridge 09 1899 - 1901
Charing Cross Bridge 1901
Charing Cross Bridge 1902 oil,canvas
Fishing Boats at Honfleur 1868
Fishing Boats at Pourville 1882
Fishing Boats at Sea 1868
Fishing Boats by the Beach and the Cliffs of Pourville 1882
Fishing Boats, Calm Sea 1868
Fishing Boats off Pourville 1882
Fishing Boats on the Beach at Etretat 1884
Fishing on the River Epte 1887
Floating Ice near Bennecourt 1893
Floating Ice Near Vetheuil c.1880
Houses of Parliament, Westminster 1900 - 1901
Houses of Parlilament, Fog Effect 1903
Houses of Parlilament, Sunlight Effect 1900 - 1901
Houses on the Zaan River at Zaandam 1871
Hyde Park 1871 oil,canvas
Ice Floes, Misty Morning 1894
Ice Floes on Siene 1880
Ice Floes on the Seine at Bougival 1867 - 1868
Ice, Lock Port Villez 1893
Ice on the Siene at Bennecourt 1897
Morning on the Seine, near Vetheuil 1878
Mount Kolsaas 1895
Mount Kolsaas 2 1895
Mount Kolsaas 3 1895
Mount Kolsaas in Misty Weather 1895
Mount Kolsaas, Norway 1895
Mount Kolsaas, Rose Reflection 1895
Norman Farm through the Trees c.1886 pastel,laid paper
Norway, Sandviken Village in the Snow 1895
Norwegian Landscape, Sandviken 1895
Port Donnant, Belle Ile 1886
Port of Dieppe, Evening 1882
Portrait of Eugenie Graff (Madame Paul) 1882 oil,canvas
Portrait of Germaine Hoschede with a Doll 1876 - 1877
Portrait of Jean Monet 1880
Portrait of Jean Monet Wearing a Hat with a Pompom 1869
Portrait of Jeanne Serveau 1880
Portrait of Madame Gaudibert 1868 oil,canvas
Portrait of Michael with Hat and Pom Pom 1880
Portrait of Pere Paul 1882
Saint-Lazare Station, Exterior View 1887
Saint-Lazare Station, Sunlight Effect 1877
Saint-Lazare Station, the Western Region Goods Sheds 1877
Saint-Lazare Station, Track Coming out 1877
Sandviken, Norway 1895
San Giorgio Maggiore 1908
San Giorgio Maggiore 2 1908
San Giorgio Maggiore 3 1908
San Giorgio Maggiore at Dusk 1908 oil,canvas
The Banks of the River Epte in Springtime 1885
The Banks of the Seine 1878
The Banks of the Seine at Argenteuil 1872
The Banks of the Seine at Port-Villez 1885
The Banks of the Seine at the Argenteuil Bridge 1874
The Banks of the Seine, Ile de la Grande-Jatte 1878
The Banks of The Seine in Autumn 1876
The Banks of the Seine, Lavacourt 1878
The Banks of the Seine, Lavacourt 02 1878
The Basin at Argenteuil 1872
The Grenouillère 1869 canvas,oil
The Grotto of Port-Domois 1866
The Gulf Juan at Antibes 1888
The Gulf of Antibes 1888
The Hamlet of Chantemesie at the Foot of the Rock 1880
The Havre, the trade bassin 1874
The Headland of the Heve at Low Tide 1865
The Hills of Vetheuil 1880
The House among the Roses 1925
The House among the Roses 2 1925
The Promenade at Argenteuil 02 1872
The Promenade at Argenteuil, Soleil Couchant 1874
The Promenade near Argenteuil 1875
The Promenade near Limetz 1887
The Promenade near the Bridge of Argenteuil 1874
The Promenade (study) 1886
The Promenade, Woman with a Parasol 1875
The Pyramids at Port-Coton 1886
The Pyramids, Cliffs at Belle-Ile 1881
The Siene near Vernon 1894
The Small Arm of the Seine at Argenteuil 1872
The Small Arm of the Seine at Argenteuil 1876
The Small Arm of the Seine at Mosseaux, Evening 1878
The Spring at Vetheuil 1881
The Spring in Argentuil 1872
The Steps 1878
The Steps at Vetheuil 1881
The Stream of Robec at Rouen 1872 oil,canvas
The Stroller (Suzanne Hoschede) 1887
Vetheuil in the Fog 1879 oil,canvas
Vetheuil in Winter 1879
Vetheuil, L'Inondation 1881
Vetheuil, Morning Effect 1901
Vetheuil, Paysage 1879
Vetheuil, Pink Effect 1901
Vetheuil, Prairie Inondee 1881
Vetheuil Seen from Ile Saint Martin 1880
Vetheuil, The Church 1878
Vetheuil, The Church 1880
Water Lilies 1914
Water Lilies 1918
Water Lilies 1919
Windmills in Holland 1871
Windmills near Zaandam 1871
Winter at Giverny 1885
Winter at Giverny 1886
Winter Landscape at the Val de Falaise 1885
Winter on the Seine, Lavacourt 1879 - 1880
Wisteria 1917 - 1920
Wisteria 1919 - 1920
Wisteria (left half) 1917 - 1919
The Red House 1908
The Red Road at Cap Martin, near Menton 1884
The River 1881
The Riverbank at Petit-Gennevilliers 1875
The Riverbank at Petit-Gennevilliers, Sunset 1875
The Studio-Boat 1874
The Studio Boat 1875 - 1876
The Summer, Poppy Field 1875
The Sunken Road in the Cliff at Varangeville 1882
The Tea Set 1872
Snow Effect, Giverny 1892 - 1893
Snow Effect, The Boulevard de Pontoise at Argenteuil 1875
Snow Effect, The Road to Louveciennes 1870
Snow Effect, The Street in Argentuil 1875
Snow Effect with Setting Sun 1875 oil,canvas
The Break-up of the Ice c.1880
The Bridge at Argenteuil, Grey Weather 1874
The Bridge at Bougival 1869
The Bridge over the Seine 1874
The Japanese Bridge (The Water-Lily Pond) 1899 oil,canvas
The Bridge, Amsterdam 1874
The Bridge at Argenteuil 1874
Water Lily Pond 1918 - 1919 oil,canvas
Water Lily Pond and Bridge 1905
Zaandam, Canal 1871
Zaandam, Little Bridge 1871
Zaandam, The Dike 1874
Zaandam, The Dike, Evening 1871
Zuiderkerk in Amsterdam 1874
Bordighera, Italy (detail) 1884 Oil On Canvas
Bordighera 1884 Oil on Canvas
The Artist's Garden at Vetheuil 1880 - 1881 Oil on Canvas
Bordighera, Italy 1884 Oil on Canvas
Fishing Boats Leaving the Harbor, Le Havre 1874 Oil on Canvas
Garden at Sainte-Adresse 1867 Oil on Canvas
Garden in Bordighera, Impression of Morning 1884 Oil on Canvas
Saint-Lazare Station 1877 Oil on Canvas
The Beach at Trouville 1870 Oil on Canvas
The Corniche of Monaco 1884 Oil on Canvas
The Japanese Bridge 1918 Oil on Canvas
The Red Road near Menton 1884 Oil on Canvas
Water Lilies 1903 Oil on Canvas
Breakwater at Trouville, Low Tide 1870 Oil on Canvas
The Red Kerchief Portrait of Camille Monet c. 1860 Oil on Canvas
Bathing at La Grenouillere 1869 Oil on Canvas
Boulevard des Capucines 1873 - 1874 Oil on Canvas
Haystacks at Chailly at Sunrise 1865 Oil on Canvas
Hotel des Roches Noires, Trouville 1870 Oil on Canvas
Houses of Parliament, London, Sun Breaking Through the Fog 1904 Oil on Canvas
Houses of Parliament, London 1905 Oil on Canvas
Impression, soleil levant 1872 Oil on Canvas
La cathedrale de Rouen, le portail, temps gris (Rouen Cathedral, the West Portal, Dull Weather) 1894 Oil on Canvas
Poplars along the River Epte, Autumn 1891 Oil on Canvas
Rock Arch West of Etretat (The Manneport) 1883 Oil on Canvas
The Bodmer Oak, Fontainebleau Forest 1865 Oil on Canvas
The Highway Bridge at Argenteuil 1874 Oil on Canvas
The Regatta at Argenteuil c. 1872
The Stroll, Camille Monet and Her Son Jean (Woman with a Parasol) 1875 Oil on Canvas
The Thames at Westminster 1871 Oil on Canvas
Water Lilies (The Clouds) 1903 Oil on Canvas
Wheatstacks (End of Summer) 1890-91 Oil on Canvas
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