Ernst Ludwig Kirchner – Artwork & Bio of the German Painter

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was a German painter born on 6 May 1880 in Aschaffenburg, Bavaria. In 1901, Kirchner enrolled at the Dresden Technical High School. His interest in art grew, and he decided to focus primarily on art. In 1905, Kirchner co-founded the Die Brucke artist group with classmates Erich Heckel and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, intending to bridge traditional and avant-garde art forms.

The group held its first exhibition the following year and stayed together till 1913, after which Kirchner changed his focus and began establishing his identity as an artist. Around this time, he also changed his subject matter to depictions of life in Berlin. Kirchner joined the military in 1915 and was released in the same year due to a nervous breakdown.

After recovering, Kirchner moved to a new house in the Alps, inspiring an interest in painting mountain landscapes. He continued painting and exhibiting across Europe, winning acclaim for his aesthetic style. Kirchner became a Prussian Academy of Arts member in 1931, resigning forcibly two years later because of German Nazis. He died on 15 July 1938 in Switzerland.

What was Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Known For?

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was known for paintings and depictions of Berlin life with a palette of unique colors, graphic lines, and bold brushstrokes. After the dispersion of the Die Brucke group, Kirchner’s works featured modern life in Berlin with deep colors and skewed figures and compositions. He worked primarily with oil paints.

Who was Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Influenced By?

Ernst Kirchner was influenced by Albrecht Durer and early Expressionists. Kirchner and the rest of the Die Brucke group made paintings in response to Durer’s works, which also featured bold and expressive compositions.

What Art Movement was Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Associated With?

Ernst Kirchner was associated with the Neo-Expressionism art movement.

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Artwork

Below are some of the artworks of Ernst Kirchner


Artist begging for applause


Bathing women in a room


Coffee drinking women






Crouching girl


Dodo and her brother


Dodo with a Japanese umbrella


Dodo with a large fan


Female artist


Girl with a long hair


Hamburg dancers


Girl under a Japanese parasol







Seated lady (Dodo)


Self portrait with a model




Two girls

All Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Artwork on Artchive

Artwork Name Year Medium
Selbstbildnis als Soldat 1915 Oil on Canvas
Girl Under a Japanese Parasol 1909 Oil on Canvas
A Group of Artists Otto Mueller, Kirchner, Heckel, Schmidt-Rottluff 1926-27 Oil on Canvas
Two Women in the Street 1914 Oil on Canvas
Self-Portrait with Model 1910 Oil on Canvas
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