Giorgio De Chirico – Artwork & Bio of the Italian Painter

Giorgio De Chirico was an Italian painter born on 10 July 1888 in Volos, Greece. De Chirico took an interest in art and Greek mythology as a child and received full support from his parents. He studied at the Higher School of Fine Arts in Athens for two years before moving to Munich, where he enrolled at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts.

De Chirico developed his style and settled on a subject matter influenced by his travels and European cities. He served in the Italian army with his brother during the First World War and continued to paint while in service. 1919 marked the beginning of the later part of the artist’s seventy years career, which saw him experiment with several mediums. Giorgio De Chirico died on 20 November 1978 in Rome, Italy.

What was Giorgio De Chirico Known For?

Giorgio De Chirico was known for painting classically-inspired motifs of European cityscapes. Giorgio was passionate about the Classics, which he incorporated into his artworks. He was also renowned for treating themes of emotional states such as nostalgia, sorrow, and pain in his paintings. Some of his works also showcased accurate detailing and rich color application.

Who was Giorgio De Chirico Influenced By?

Greek mythology and Classical art were the first influences on De Chirico’s artistic Development. Subsequently, De Chirico studied the works of Max Klinger and Arnold Bocklin while at the Academy. Philosophers such as Nietzsche and Schopenhauer impacted the philosophical themes in Giorgio’s paintings throughout his career.

What Art Movement was Giorgio De Chirico Associated With?

Giorgio De Chirico was associated with the Surrealism art movement. De Chirico formed the Metaphysical Painting movement along with Carlo Carra, but it only lasted for a short while. Shortly after, in Paris, he became associated with the Surrealists.

Giorgio De Chirico Artwork

Below are some of the artworks of Giro

Bathers on the beach

Gare Montparnasse (The Melancholy of Departure)

Island and flower garland

Melancholy of a Beautiful Day

Mystery and Melancholy of a Street 

Rising sun on the plaza

The Child’s Brain

The Disquieting Muses

The Double Dream of Spring

The dream turns

The Enigma of the Arrival and the Afternoon

The Enigma of the Hour

The Enigma of the Oracle

The Evil Genius of a King

The Red Tower

The Return of Ulysses

The Song of Love

The Uncertainty of the Poet

All Giorgio De Chirico Artwork on Artchive

Artwork Name Year Medium
Metaphysical Interior with Biscuits 1958 Oil on Canvas
The Anguish of Departure 1914 Oil on Canvas
The Conquest of the Philosopher 1914 Oil on Canvas
Montparnasse Station 1914 Oil on Canvas
Le Cerveau de l'Enfant (The Child's Brain) 1917 Oil on Canvas
Madonna and Child with Angels c. 1457-1465 Tempera on panel
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