Henri Matisse – Artwork & Bio of the French Painter

Henri Matisse was a French painter who was the leading pioneer of the Fauvism movement. He was born in Picardy on 31 December 1869 and initially studied Law in Paris. The year Matisse returned to San Quentin, he contracted appendicitis and began to paint. In 1891, Matisse moved to Paris to study art, first in the studio of Gustave Moreau, before finally getting accepted into the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1895.

Following the 1905 exhibition of the new style of coloring, Matisse became known as the leader of the Fauves. However, a couple of years later, many artists, including Matisse, abandoned the techniques of the movement. Matisse started focusing more on sculpting and teaching art, and his later works involved human depiction with Eastern motifs.

Matisse died on 3 November 1954 after suffering a heart attack.

What was Henri Matisse Known For?

Henri Matisse created art with pure, unfiltered colors and bright light. Hence, he became the leader of the Fauvism movement. Despite his interest in Cubism and friendship with associated artists, Matisse stuck to creating forms out of color. His art was instrumental in the development of decorative art.

Who was Henri Matisse Influenced By?

Gustave Moreau influenced Henri Matisse. In 1892, Matisse enrolled in the studio of Moreau after his application to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts was rejected. Moreau was renowned for teaching his students the importance of expressively applying color and impacted Matisse’s painting style.

What Art Movement was Henri Matisse Associated With?

Henri Matisse was associated with the Fauvism art movement. Influenced by the teachings of Moreau, Matisse learned the application of unmodulated colors and the white of the canvas to build forms and represent natural light, leading to the creation of the Fauvism movement.

Henri Matisse Artwork

Matisse’s artworks are in the collections of several prestigious galleries and institutions. Below are some of them

A Glimpse of Notre-Dame in the Late Afternoon

Game of Bowls


The Dessert: Harmony in Red

Interior with Dog

The Dinner Table

The Moroccans

The Open Window

The Sheaf

The Snail

The Sorrows of the King

The Young Sailor II

Woman with a Hat

All Henri Matisse Artwork on Artchive

Artwork Name Year Medium
Still Life with Blue Tablecloth 1909 Oil on Canvas
The Knife Thrower 1947
Conversation 1909 - 1912 Oil on Canvas
Portrait of Andre Derain 1905 Oil on Canvas
Self-Portrait 1900 Oil on Canvas
The Girl with Green Eyes 1908 Oil on Canvas
The Lute 1943 Oil on Canvas
Two Girls in a Yellow and Red Interior (Deux fillettes, 1947 Oil on Canvas
The Snail (L'escargot) 1953 gouache,paper
Seated Riffian (Le Rifain assis) 1912 - 1913 Oil on Canvas
Two Dancers (Study for Rouge et Noir) 1938 Paper cutouts and thumbtacks
The Painter's Family 1911 Oil on Canvas
The Music Lesson (La lecon de musique) 1917 Oil on Canvas
The Rumanian Blouse 1940 Oil on Canvas
Luxe, calm et volupte 1904-05 Oil on Canvas
Destiny 1943
Interior with an Egyptian Curtain 1948 Oil on Canvas
Bowl of Apples on a Table 1916 Oil on Canvas
The Red Madras Headress (Mme Matisse Madras Rouge) 1907 Oil on Canvas
A Glimpse of Notre Dame in the Late Afternoon 1902 Oil on paper mounted on Canvas
Femme au manteau violet (Woman in a Purple Coat) 1937 Oil on Canvas
Green Stripe (Madame Matisse) 1905 Oil on Canvas
Harmony in RedLa desserte 1908 Oil on Canvas
Icarus (Icare) 1943 - 1944
The Red Studio 1911 Oil on Canvas
Woman Before an Aquarium 1921-23 Oil on Canvas
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