Jose Clemente Orozco Biography and Artwork

Jose Clemente Orozco, born on November 23, 1883 in Mexico, is renowned as the most influential muralist of the 20th-century to work with frescos. He was part of the “Big Three” alongside Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros who dominated the Mexican mural renaissance. His political murals significantly influenced the movement, which sought to instill national pride and promote social ideals through art.

Orozco’s early interest in art started with drawing while he was still a child when he moved to Mexico City in 1890. After losing his left hand at age 17, he gave up architectural studies and devoted himself entirely to painting. His skeptical attitude towards modernity influenced him to include pre-Columbian aspects into his work.

Orozco married Margarita Valladares and had three children throughout his career. He played an essential role in shaping contemporary Mexican Art and received recognition for many pieces, including the Prometheus Fresco that has been considered one of his best works to date. The “Prometheus” fresco received widespread critical acclaim for its representation of progressivism and was indeed the first modern fresco painted in America.

Jose Clemente Orozco’s style was distinct from other Mexican muralists because it depicted life’s contradicted human experiences more realistically rather than glorifying indigenous people or romanticizing idealistic struggles like other artists during this time period.

All Jose Clemente Orozco Artwork on Artchive

Artwork Name Year Medium
American Civilization - The Gods of the Modern World 1932 - 1934 fresco
Prometheus 1930 fresco
Zapata 1930 Oil on Canvas
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