Joseph Mallord William Turner was a British painter born on 23 April 1775 in Convent Garden, London. Turner enrolled at the Royal Academy of Art in 1789 and became a member the following year. Turner quickly won recognition at the Academy and exhibited his watercolors yearly. He switched to oil painting in 1796, instantly winning acclaim as an oil painter.
Consequently, Joseph’s reputation as a painter skyrocketed, bringing him financial success and full academician status in 1802. Turner went on several trips throughout Europe, making several drawings during these trips and finishing them later in his studio. He continued exhibiting his work at the Royal Academy till 1850, the year before he died on 19 December 1851 in Chelsea.
What was Joseph Mallord William Turner Known For?
Joseph Turner was known for painting landscapes and seascapes Plein air, with accurate representations of the effects of light. Turner painted with Realism techniques, making accurate depictions of European city landscapes. His early works were watercolors containing architectural subjects, but he is renowned for his oil paintings of landscapes.
Who was Joseph Mallord William Turner Influenced By?
Joseph Turner was influenced by Claude Lorrain and Willem van der Velde. Turner created his first oil paintings in the realistic techniques of Lorrain and van der Velde. However, the artist developed his style by adding unique proportions of color and light in his artworks. Poets like Lord Byron, John Milton, and Walter Scott also impacted Turner’s poetic side.
What Art Movement was Joseph Mallord William Turner Associated With?
Joseph Turner was associated with the Realism art movement. Realism is an art movement that accurately depicts subjects without any imaginative or fantastical additions.
Joseph Mallord William Turner’s Artwork
In 1804, Turner opened a gallery where he exhibited his work afterward. Today, his works are in galleries and private collections worldwide. Below are some of them
Aeneas and the Cumaean Sybil
Bell Rock Lighthouse
Cliffs from the Sea
Fishermen at Sea
Keelmen Heaving in Coals by Moonlight
Landscape in the Fog
Mount Vesuvius in Eruption
Rome From Mount Aventine
Sheerness as seen from the Nore
The Blue Rigi Lake of Lucerne
The Fighting Temeraire
The Red Rigi
Vesuvius in Eruption
View of Venice The Ducal Palace Dogana and Part of San Giorg
Yacht Approaching the Coast