Nicolas Poussin Biography and Artwork

Nicolas Poussin, born in Les Andelys, Normandy in 1594, was a French painter who founded the French Classical tradition. Poussin spent most of his working life in Rome where he painted religious and mythological subjects for a small group of Italian and French collectors. He studied with Quentin Varin before moving to Paris where he worked under Georges Lallemant and Ferdinand Elle.

In 1624, Poussin travelled to Rome where he spent most of his life painting dramatic works that reflected 16th-century Venetian art particularly that of Titian. He is credited with pioneering the classic French painting style which emphasized narrative clarity and dramatic force.

Poussin’s early canvases were sensuous; however, over time his later works became more austere as he began to paint classical figures against landscape backgrounds. His influence on the further development of art cannot be overestimated; many painters were inspired by Poussin’s use of classicism such as Jacques-Louis David who revived it during the revolution in France.

Nicolas Poussin died in Rome in 1665 but his legacy and influence continue to be felt across Europe today.

All Nicolas Poussin Artwork on Artchive

Artwork Name Year Medium
The Abduction of the Sabine Women 1633-34 Oil on Canvas
The Adoration of the Golden Calf 1634 Oil on Canvas
The Plague of Ashdod 1630 Oil on Canvas
Landscape with Orpheus and Eurydice 1650-1651 Oil on Canvas
The dance to the music of time c. 1640 Oil on Canvas
The Shepherds of Arcadia 1637 - 1638 Oil on Canvas
Rinaldo and Armida c.1625 Oil on Canvas
The Ashes of Phocion Collected by his Widow 1648 Oil on Canvas
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