The Arch of Titus, constructed in 81 AD, is a Roman triumphal arch located on the Via Sacra in Rome. This monument was built by Emperor Domitian to commemorate the official deification of his brother, Titus, and their victory over the Jewish rebellion in Judaea. The arch follows the traditional design of Roman triumphal arches, comprising two piers joined by an archway, constructed with concrete and white marble. It measures 15.4m high, 13.5m wide, and 4.75m deep.
Inside the arch, there are relief sculptures that depict the triumphal procession and the spoils of the Jewish Temple being brought into Rome. These sculptures serve as a historical record of the Roman victory over the Jewish rebellion in Judaea. The Arch of Titus has influenced various artistic works, such as the facade of the basilica of Sant’Andrea in Mantua, Italy. The monument underwent refurbishment by Pope Pius VII in 1821 CE, adding to its extant historical significance.
Today, the Arch of Titus remains a popular tourist attraction due to its rich history and grand structure. Its historical importance as a celebration of Roman triumph, combined with its artistic merit, has ensured its place in the collective consciousness of history, architecture, and art.