Arundel Mill and Castle is a landscape painting by the renowned Romanticism artist, John Constable. It was created in 1837, and is considered to be the artist’s last painting. The oil on canvas artwork measures 28 1/2 × 39 1/2 inches and is located at Toledo Museum of Art in Ohio.
The painting portrays the Arundel Mill and Castle located in Sussex, England. The artwork’s main focus is on the castle, which takes up most of the middle ground. Its powerful walls rise above the gentle rolling hills that surround it. On its right side lies a mill that blends seamlessly into the natural environment.
Constable utilized his signature style of brushwork to create this masterpiece. He approached this work with more precision than his previous artworks, evident from his careful handling of details like foliage portrayal using small dabs of paint with leaf-like texture creating a sense of movement even though still life.
A series called “English Landscape Scenery,” which included this artwork, became very popular during Constable’s time, helping him gain more recognition as an artist for generations to come.
Overall, “Arundel Mill and Castle” remains an important part of Constable’s oeuvre due to its historical significance as arguably his final work before he passed away a year later from heart failure.”