Bharat Mata, a painting by Abanindranath Tagore, is a depiction of Mother India and was created in 1905. The artwork shows a saffron-clad woman holding various symbolic items that represent the different regions of India. This painting was painted during the Indian Independence movement with Swadesh ideals and was the first illustrated depiction of the concept of Mother India. Abanindranath Tagore was a significant painter and nephew of renowned poet Rabindranath Tagore. He laid down Swadeshi values in Indian art and founded Bengal school of artwhich became influential in Indian art history .The artwork Bharat Mata is considered as one of his masterpieces. Today, Bharat Mata remains an iconic representation for Indians worldwide, symbolizing maternal love towards India as it often reflects unity in diversity prevalent among Indians. To commemorate Abanindranath Tagore’s 150th birth anniversary, The National Gallery of Modern Art has put up an exhibition with his artwork on display including Bharat Mata. Overall, Bharat Mata is an essential piece within modern-day Indian art history, showcasing an important aspect of Indian culture and identity through its visual medium.