Max Beckmann, a German painter born in Leipzig, created the flower painting ‘Black Irises’ in 1928. This Expressionism piece is considered one of his notable artworks and is known for its deep use of black and purple to create a sharp contrast against the white background.
Although associated with the New Objectivity movement, Beckmann rejected both the term and the movement. He was classified as an Expressionist artist who was known for his powerful portraits. Beckmann’s paintings were linked to New Objectivity because of their sharp details and focus on realism.
Aside from ‘Black Irises,’ Beckmann’s masterpiece called ‘The Dream’ reflected his observations and deeply felt experience of the carnage of World War I. He held firm beliefs that art should be independent, which sometimes made him unpopular but contributed to his development as an essential figure in modern art.