Calvary (Crucifixion) (1869) by Ilya Repin

Calvary (Crucifixion) - Ilya Repin - 1869

Artwork Information

TitleCalvary (Crucifixion)
ArtistIlya Repin
Dimensions99 x 80 cm
Art MovementRealism

About Calvary (Crucifixion)

The artwork entitled “Calvary (Crucifixion),” created by Ilya Repin in 1869, is an oil painting on canvas that embodies the aesthetic principles of Realism. The piece measures 99 by 80 centimeters and falls within the religious painting genre, showcasing Repin’s ability to convey a powerful narrative through his art. The painting depicts the biblical scene of the crucifixion, with a focus on evoking the emotional gravity of the event.

Upon examination, the artwork captures a vast crowd gathered around the central event of the crucifixion, which appears in the distance on a slightly elevated ground. Three crosses are visible, with the central one presumed to bear Jesus Christ, though the figures on the crosses are largely silhouetted against the stormy sky, emphasizing the somber mood of the scene. Repin has employed a muted palette, dominated by earthy tones and a moody sky, to reflect the grim atmosphere of the occasion.

The subjects in the foreground, who vary widely in their reactions, offer a glimpse into the diversity of human response to the crucifixion. These figures range from mourners to passive onlookers, each rendered with meticulous attention to detail, a hallmark of Repin’s dedication to realism. The use of light in the artwork is notably dramatic, highlighting certain figures and casting deep shadows in other areas, contributing to the overall pathos of the scene. The expansive composition pulls the viewer’s gaze across the various groups of people, suggesting a narrative that unfolds through their different expressions and postures.

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