Antonio Allegri gen. Correggio’s “Die Heilige Nacht” is a renowned painting in Europe and is exhibited in Dresden. Correggio was a master of Chiaroscuro and anticipated Baroque and Rococo art, making his artwork stand out for its luminosity and realism. Kurt Schwitters, also known for his collages and part of the Dada movement, replicated Correggio’s artwork in 1947.
Schwitters manipulated the painting to create his collage that may resemble Marcel Duchamp’s L.H.O.O.Q., which reconstructed Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa. The dimensions of Schwitters’ version are smaller than the original painting, but he kept the same composition by introducing cuttings from magazines such as maps, photographs, or newspaper headings into it.
Schwitters’ artwork serves to bring new interpretations about how an artwork can transform through different mediums. His collages have inspired reflections about contemporary themes that relate to the medium itself: intersections between art and consumerism, mass-media culture or historical reconstruction concerning avant-gardes movements. Overall, Kurt Schwitters’ collage based on Correggio’s “Die Heilige Nacht” invites its viewers to examine how artworks can be reinterpreted through innovative mediums into distinctive aesthetics forms that question their current meanings.