Don Pedro, Duke of Osuna (c.1790) by Francisco Goya

Don Pedro, Duke of Osuna - Francisco Goya - c.1790

Artwork Information

TitleDon Pedro, Duke of Osuna
ArtistFrancisco Goya
Art MovementRomanticism
Current LocationFrick Collection, New York City, NY, US

About Don Pedro, Duke of Osuna

The artwork titled “Don Pedro, Duke of Osuna” is a distinguished portrait rendered by the acclaimed Spanish artist Francisco de Goya circa 1790. This piece is an exemplar of the Romanticism art movement, which often emphasized emotion and individualism. As a portrait, it captures the visage and bearing of its subject with keen psychological insight. Francisco Goya, known for his profound impact on both the Romantic and Realist styles, has placed this artwork in the esteemed collection of the Frick Collection located in New York City, New York, United States.

In this portrayal of Don Pedro, Duke of Osuna, Goya presents the sitter with a composed and dignified air. The Duke is shown from the waist up, dressed in attire befitting his status—his coat is dark, adding a sense of gravity and authority to his likeness, while the white waistcoat and ruffled cravat beneath suggest the refinement expected of his social standing. His expression is serene yet carries a suggestion of astuteness and perhaps a quiet confidence. The background is muted, dark, focusing on the figure of the Duke, allowing the viewer to fully engage with his persona without distraction. The light in the artwork falls on the Duke’s face and the upper part of his attire, masterfully emphasizing the focal points of the composition. The small detail of a paper or document in his hand adds an element of narrative, suggesting his role in the matters of governance or affairs of state.

Goya’s technique in this work demonstrates his ability to capture subtlety in the human form, as well as the use of light to sculpt and define his subjects. This portrait exemplifies the artist’s skillful blend of realistic representation and the emotive qualities that are characteristic of the Romantic movement.

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