Equestrian Portrait of Philip IV (1634 – 1635) by Diego Velazquez

Equestrian Portrait of Philip IV - Diego Velazquez - 1634 - 1635

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Artwork Information

TitleEquestrian Portrait of Philip IV
ArtistDiego Velazquez
Date1634 - 1635
Dimensions314 x 301 cm
Art MovementBaroque
Current LocationMuseo del Prado, Madrid, Spain

About Equestrian Portrait of Philip IV

The artwork “Equestrian Portrait of Philip IV” was masterfully created by Diego Velázquez between the years 1634 and 1635. It is an oil painting on canvas, notable for its impressive dimensions of 314 by 301 centimeters. The artwork resides within the celebrated Baroque movement and is categorized as a portrait. Presently, the painting is housed in the Museo del Prado in Madrid, Spain, where it continues to be an exemplary piece of Baroque portraiture.

The artwork captures King Philip IV of Spain mounted on a powerful horse mid-stride. King Philip is depicted in profile, imbuing the portrait with a sense of dignified poise, befitting his royal status. Adorned in exquisite armor and holding a commander’s baton, the monarch exudes an air of authority and elegance. The horse is portrayed with remarkable detail, from the intricate harness to the muscular build, which lends the scene a dynamic sense of movement.

The composition of the painting is balanced by the landscape that recedes into the horizon, providing a majestic backdrop for the regal subject. The sky above is rendered with soft, atmospheric brushwork, creating a contrast between the stillness of the heavens and the activity below. This juxtaposition further emphasizes the stature of Philip IV, placing him commandingly against the vastness of nature and sky. Velázquez’s expert use of light accentuates the textures of the king’s attire and the horse’s sleek coat, showcasing the artist’s skill in rendering form and depth within the luxurious trappings of royalty.

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