Judith Beheading Holofernes (1620) by Artemisia Gentileschi

Judith Beheading Holofernes - Artemisia Gentileschi - 1614 - 1620

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Artwork Information

TitleJudith Beheading Holofernes
ArtistArtemisia Gentileschi
Date1614 - 1620
MediumOil on Canvas
Dimensions125.5 x 158.8 cm
Art MovementTenebrism
Current LocationNational Museum of Capodimonte, Naples, Italy, Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy
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About Judith Beheading Holofernes

Artemisia Gentileschi’s painting, ‘Judith Slaying Holofernes’, is a depiction of the biblical story from the Book of Judith. The painting captures the moment when Judith, a Jewish widow, executes the Assyrian general Holofernes to save her city. It is widely considered as an iconic piece of feminist art history that explores power dynamics between men and women and portrays women’s triumph over them.

Gentileschi’s treatment of the story conveys her own female rage and provides a heightened sense of realism to Judith’s character. The artist shows a woman taking matters into her own hands and using physical strength to overcome her oppressor. This portrayal challenged traditional gender roles and made way for female empowerment in art.

‘Judith Slaying Holofernes’ depicts Judith holding down Holofernes while she cuts off his head with a sword. The gruesomeness of this act is amplified by how vividly Gentileschi conveys it. The blood spurts out in abundance from the wound, tinting both women with red hues. It brings attention to how gruesome violence against men could be just like against women.

The painting represents true symbolism for women’s emancipation; it celebrates their ability to fight back against oppression despite being underestimated by society due to their gender. ‘Judith Slaying Holofernes’ remains one of Gentileschi’s most famous works and has an enduring legacy as one that inspired future generations of feminist art movements across centuries.

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