Landscape (1917) by Juan Gris

Landscape - Juan Gris - 1917

Artwork Information

ArtistJuan Gris
Art MovementSynthetic Cubism

About Landscape

The artwork titled “Landscape” was created by the artist Juan Gris in the year 1917. It exemplifies the Synthetic Cubism art movement, a period characterized by the combination of elements drawn from the visible world, reassembled in abstract constructions. As a landscape, this piece offers a fragmented view that is typical of Cubist works, where the traditional perspective is intentionally disregarded in favor of a flat, two-dimensional plane where shapes and forms interlock.

The artwork departs from naturalistic representation, instead opting for a geometric reconstitution of the landscape. It features an array of shapes and planes that command the viewer’s attention, with a palette that appears subdued yet thoughtful. The various components of the traditional landscape are present but reimagined; clouds, structures, and other environmental details are broken down into their elemental geometric forms, overlapping and intertwining to create a composition that is cognizant of its own flatness. The careful placement of these shapes, combined with the distinct use of shading, crafts a sense of depth within the flatness, an illusion that speaks to Gris’s expertise and the ethos of Synthetic Cubism. Through these fragmented and overlapping planes, Gris invites the viewer to reconstruct the landscape from a novel perspective, prompting a reconsideration of the very essence of visual representation.

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