Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907) by Pablo Picasso

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon - Pablo Picasso - 1907

Artwork Information

TitleLes Demoiselles d'Avignon
ArtistPablo Picasso
MediumOil on Canvas
Dimensions243.9 x 233.7 cm
Art MovementCubism
Current LocationMuseum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York City, NY, US

About Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

“Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” is a seminal artwork by Pablo Picasso, completed in 1907, that represents a radical departure from traditional European painting and a cornerstone in the development of Cubism. The artwork is an oil on canvas, measuring 243.9 by 233.7 cm, and it currently resides in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City, NY, US.

The artwork depicts five nude female figures, each rendered in a disconcerting confrontational manner that distorts traditional perspectives of female beauty in art. The composition is characterized by a fractured space where the figures and background intersect with sharp geometric lines, angular shapes, and contrasting planes. The faces of the figures are influenced by both Iberian sculpture and African masks, as evidenced by their unnaturally contorted and mask-like features.

Picasso’s palette is primarily composed of ochres, whites, and grays, with a stark juxtaposition of warmer and cooler hues that accentuate the figures’ angular forms. This landmark painting paved the way for the development of modern art by challenging the conventions of representation, form, and perspective. It is considered not only a revolutionary work within Picasso’s oeuvre but also a foundational piece for the Cubist movement and avant-garde art in the 20th century.

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