Margaretha Van Eyck (1439) by Jan Van Eyck

Margaretha Van Eyck - Jan Van Eyck - 1439

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Artwork Information

TitleMargaretha Van Eyck
ArtistJan Van Eyck
MediumOil on Panel
Dimensions32.6 x 25.8 cm
Art MovementNorthern Renaissance
Current LocationGroeningemuseum, Bruges, Belgium

About Margaretha Van Eyck

The artwork titled “Margaretha Van Eyck” was crafted by the renowned artist Jan Van Eyck in the year 1439. Executed in oil on panel, this portrait exemplifies the Northern Renaissance art movement, with the piece measuring 32.6 by 25.8 centimeters. This genre of the portrait is housed in the Groeningemuseum, located in Bruges, Belgium.

The meticulous detail in the portrait shows a woman dressed in a red gown with a square neckline, accentuated by a black piece of fabric that appears to be a belt or sash. She wears an elaborate headdress typical of the time, with the fabric gathered and draped to frame her face, and the sides extending upward in what appears to be horn-like protrusions, which was a style of headdress worn by women in the Burgundian courts. Her gaze is solemn and direct, engaging the viewer with a sense of immediacy that was a distinguishing characteristic of the artist’s portraiture. The exquisite attention to detail in the textures, from the lace of the headdress to the folds of the garment, highlights Jan Van Eyck’s mastery over the medium of oil painting, which allowed for more precision and a greater range of effects than tempera painting. The subdued color palette emphasizes the realism and individuality of the sitter, marking a significant departure from the more idealized representations common in earlier art periods.

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