The painting, Night at the Shalimar – The Emperor Shah Jahan by Abanindranath Tagore, was created in late 19th to early 20th century India by one of the most prominent artists of the time. Abanindranath Tagore was a major advocate for swadeshi values in Indian art and is known for creating both the Indian Society of Oriental Art and the Bengal school of art. The painting depicts Emperor Shah Jahan in a serene setting at the Shalimar Bagh. It is a representation of peace and tranquility, as seen through Tagore’s modernization of Moghul and Rajput styles to counteract Western influences on Indian art. Tagore’s goal with this piece was to create an example of Indian art that could rival Western artwork in terms of skill and beauty. Night at the Shalimar – The Emperor Shah Jahan is widely recognized as a significant work in Indian art history due to its infusion of traditional Moghul and Rajput styles with new techniques aimed at keeping Indian culture alive amid Western influences. Its themes represent peace and serenity while also showcasing skilled craftsmanship typical to India’s rich cultural heritage.