Number 3 (1949) by Jackson Pollock

Number 3 - Jackson Pollock - 1949

Artwork Information

TitleNumber 3
ArtistJackson Pollock
Dimensions157.5 x 94.6 cm
Art MovementAction painting

About Number 3

The artwork titled “Number 3,” created by Jackson Pollock in 1949, embodies the quintessential elements of the Action painting movement within the abstract genre. Utilizing a combination of enamel and oil on a canvas substrate, Pollock executed this piece with a dynamic and expressive approach, a hallmark of his pioneering style. Measuring 157.5 cm in height and 94.6 cm in width, the artwork is a testament to Pollock’s innovative techniques that revolutionized the realm of modern art.

Upon examining “Number 3,” one is immediately struck by the intricate web of paint that enlivens the canvas. The artwork is characterized by its layered, frenetic swirls and splatters, which are the result of Pollock’s physical interaction with his materials—a process he famously referred to as “drip painting.” The color palette is a kaleidoscope of hues, ranging from earthy browns and greens to vibrant yellows and stark whites; these hues intertwine and overlap to create a sense of depth and complexity. The absence of a central focal point is a deliberate choice, inviting viewers to lose themselves within the chaos of lines and forms, thus evoking an array of interpretations and emotional responses. Pollock’s technique forgoes traditional brushwork, instead letting the paint’s own viscosity and gravity dictate its path upon the canvas, which lies flat on the floor—a radical departure from the conventional vertical easel.

In its entirety, “Number 3” stands as a powerful expression of the energy and innovation that defines Jackson Pollock’s contributions to the abstract expressionist movement, and to 20th-century art as a whole.

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