Max Beckmann, a German painter known for his rejection of Expressionism and association with the New Objectivity movement, created View of the Outskirts of Marseille by the Sea in 1937. The painting features an aerial view of an industrial area, overlooking Marseille’s port. The heavy brushstrokes and use of warm colors create a sense of dynamism and urgency in this piece.
The work is part of Beckmann’s larger body of work, which often includes autobiographical elements. In this case, it is possible that View of the Outskirts reflects Beckmann’s exile from Nazi Germany in 1937. This interpretation is supported by references to dislocation and social upheaval throughout his oeuvre.
In addition to its historical significance, View of the Outskirts showcases Beckmann’s unique style and mastery over texture and form. It remains a notable example not only for its emotional depth but also for its successful depiction of an industrial landscape.