The Pantheon is an iconic monument of ancient Rome, built between 118 to 128 AD by the architect Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and later reconstructed by Emperor Hadrian in 120 AD. Its distinct features include a domed rotunda and a Greek-style porch and intermediate block.
The dome of the Pantheon, made of concrete, is the largest example of this kind of roofing from the ancient world. Its engineering marvels include the use of arches, vaults, and domes. The entire dome is a single concrete piece, which gives it extra strength, with the dome becoming narrower and using less aggregate towards the top.
Roman artwork is renowned for its eclectic palette and spans almost 1,000 years, beginning from 509 B.C.E. up to 330 C.E. The Pantheon serves as an essential reminder of the craftsmanship and artistic ability of the Ancient Romans. Emperor Hadrian commissioned the architect Apollodorus of Damascus to design the Pantheon as we know it today, which demonstrates the evolution of Roman art over time.
The Pantheon is one of the best-preserved buildings in Rome and serves as a testament to the ingenuity and skill of the ancient Roman people. Its structure highlights the engineering genius of the time with its intricate use of concrete, creating one of the most magnificent architectural feats we still see today. Furthermore, it stands as a significant testament to the evolution of Roman artistry and showcases the intricate, complex, and diverse history of the Roman empire.