Peasant wedding (c. 1568) by Pieter Bruegel

Peasant wedding - Pieter Bruegel - c. 1568

Artwork Information

TitlePeasant wedding
ArtistPieter Bruegel
Datec. 1568
MediumOil on wood
Dimensions114 x 164 cm (45 x 64 1/2 in.)
Current LocationKunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria
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About Peasant wedding

Pieter Bruegel the Elder’s painting “The Peasant Wedding” is a masterpiece of 16th-century genre paintings. Bruegel was attracted to simplicity, which led him to depict country life and people in their natural state. This piece is recognized as one of his most famous depictions of peasant life, with several clues suggesting it’s a wedding celebration. The barn setting and two sheaves of hay hanging on the wall are among the few subtle hints that suggest so.

Bruegel’s late-style is evident in this painting, featuring monumental Italianate figures in brightly colored clothes. The composition portrays a virtuoso structure that creates a diagonal on which all the figures are oriented as they celebrate together at an elaborately set dining table. It’s worth noting that Bruegel gave importance to everyday life by painting it on large canvases and significantly influenced Dutch Golden Age painting.

Interestingly, within this artwork, we find subtle suggestions about 16th-century peasant weddings, such as immoderate drinking and overt flirtations between guests. Through Bruegel’s paintings, he successfully transcribes daily life while showcasing the thin line between art and human existence in its fullness — for instance, he puts emphasis on peasants while highlighting their clothing styles pointing towards their social status during celebrations or ordinary chores. This master’s approach is what made him so renowned and provided an impetus for appreciation during his time until today supporting artistic expression towards households amongst influential patrons throughout northern Europe into today’s global affairs’ collection exhibits worldwide.

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