Philip IV (c. 1624-1627) by Diego Velazquez

Philip IV - Diego Velazquez - 1623 - 1624

Artwork Information

TitlePhilip IV
ArtistDiego Velazquez
Date1623 - 1624
MediumOil on Canvas
Dimensions210 x 102 cm (82 3/4 x 40 1/8 in.)
Art MovementBaroque
Current LocationMeadows Museum, Dallas, TX, US

About Philip IV

The artwork in question is a portrait of Philip IV, created by the esteemed artist Diego Velazquez between the years 1623 and 1624. Executed in oil on canvas, it measures 210 by 102 centimeters (82 3/4 by 40 1/8 inches) and is a testament to the Baroque art movement. The genre of the work is portraiture, reflecting the grandeur of the time. Currently, this magnificent piece is housed in the Meadows Museum located in Dallas, Texas, United States.

In the artwork, we observe the depiction of a young Philip IV, captured with the distinctive dramatic lighting and naturalism that are characteristic of the Baroque era. Velazquez demonstrates his mastery of texture and depth, as seen in the attire of the subject, where the black fabric is rendered with subtle variations in tone and sheen. The use of sharp contrast between the background and the subject draws attention to the detailed features of Philip IV’s face. His expression is composed, yet there is a hint of the solemnity in his gaze that Velazquez is known for capturing in his regal subjects. The white collar stands out against the darkness of his clothing, emphasizing the prominence of the figure. This portrait exemplifies the psychological insight and technical skill that Velazquez brought to his portraits, preserving the visage of a ruler during a significant period in Spanish history.

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