Pilgrimage to the Church of San Isidro (1788) by Francisco Goya

Pilgrimage to the Church of San Isidro - Francisco Goya - 1788

Artwork Information

TitlePilgrimage to the Church of San Isidro
ArtistFrancisco Goya
Dimensions44 x 42 cm
Art MovementRomanticism
Current LocationMuseo del Prado, Madrid, Spain

About Pilgrimage to the Church of San Isidro

The artwork “Pilgrimage to the Church of San Isidro” is an oil painting on canvas, measuring 44 x 42 cm, created by the esteemed artist Francisco Goya in 1788. This piece is representative of the Romanticism movement and is classified as a genre painting. It can currently be viewed at the Museo del Prado in Madrid, Spain.

The artwork captures a scene of bustling activity, portraying several figures engaged in what appears to be a journey or pilgrimage. In the foreground, a group of figures can be seen in varying states of motion. Among them, a central figure is mounted on a donkey, drawing the viewer’s attention due to the dynamic sense of movement and lively interaction with the figures surrounding them. The attire of the characters reflects the dress code of the period, providing insight into the social history and customs of the time.

In the background of the artwork, the Church of San Isidro itself looms, its dome and architecture rising above the horizon line. The painting skillfully balances the architecture of the church with the natural landscape and the human element, infusing the scene with a sense of grandeur and spirituality. The figures are bathed in a soft, diffuse light, suggesting the time of day might be early morning or late afternoon, a choice that amplifies the atmosphere with a sense of temporality and solemnity.

Given the title and the congregating masses, it is probable that the painting depicts a traditional festival or religious observance, signifying the importance of pilgrimage and communal celebration in the society Goya was depicting. The painting as a whole conveys a narrative about culture and faith, inviting contemplation about the customs and beliefs of the era, as well as Goya’s interpretation and rendering of such social rites.

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