Pilgrimage to the Fountain of San Isidro / The Holy Office (1820 – 1823) by Francisco Goya

Pilgrimage to the Fountain of San Isidro / The Holy Office - Francisco Goya - 1820 - 1823

Artwork Information

TitlePilgrimage to the Fountain of San Isidro / The Holy Office
ArtistFrancisco Goya
Date1820 - 1823
Dimensions123 x 266 cm
Art MovementRomanticism
Current LocationMuseo del Prado, Madrid, Spain

About Pilgrimage to the Fountain of San Isidro / The Holy Office

The artwork “Pilgrimage to the Fountain of San Isidro,” also known as “The Holy Office,” is a profound work by Francisco Goya, created between 1820 and 1823. Executed in oil on canvas, this genre painting forms part of Goya’s notable Black Paintings series. The Romanticism movement is strongly represented in this piece, characterized by its emotional depth and dramatic expression. Measuring 123 x 266 cm, the artwork resides at the Museo del Prado in Madrid, Spain, where it continues to captivate audiences with its haunting imagery and profound symbolism.

The artwork displays a multitude of figures in various states of emotion and movement, all seemingly participating in a pilgrimage. The dark, brooding tones dominate the composition, with a more luminous sky in the background contrasting with the dense clustering of people in the foreground. The figures are depicted with Goya’s typically loose brushwork, evoking a sense of movement and immediacy. Each face is rendered with individual attention, conveying distinct expressions of what could be interpreted as grief, fervor, or perhaps ecstasy. The shadowy landscape adds to the mysterious atmosphere, with the sprawling line of pilgrims creating a narrative of communal belief or superstition. As one of the Black Paintings, the artwork resonates with themes of human nature, societal norms and the psychological undercurrents present during Goya’s later life.

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