Primavera (c. 1482) by Sandro Botticelli

Primavera - Sandro Botticelli - 1478 - 1482

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Artwork Information

ArtistSandro Botticelli
Date1478 - 1482
MediumTempera on Panel
Dimensions314 x 203 cm
Art MovementEarly Renaissance
Current LocationUffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy
Location Created Florence, Italy

About Primavera

“Primavera,” an emblematic artwork by Sandro Botticelli, was created between 1478 and 1482, reflecting the Early Renaissance’s cultural and artistic flourishing. This allegorical painting, executed with tempera on panel, measures 314 by 203 centimeters and is housed in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy. Conceived and realized in Florence, this significant piece stands as an enduring testament to the era’s intellectual rebirth and Botticelli’s masterful artistic expression.

The artwork presents an allegory of spring, filled with mythological characters and laden with symbolic meanings that have been interpreted in various ways. At the center stands Venus, embodying love and beauty, presiding over a garden of eternal spring. Above her, Cupid, with an arrow aimed, suggesting the random nature of love, tilts towards the three Graces, who are engaged in an elegant dance. To the far left, Mercury, identifiable by his winged sandals, extends his arm to ward off the clouds. To the right, the scene depicts the transformation of Chloris into Flora, the goddess of flowers, as she exhales blossoms that flow into the robe of her transformed self, suggesting the transformative power of nature and love.

The lush backdrop of the painting is an orange grove, perhaps indicating the Medici family, who were patrons of Botticelli. Intricately detailed with an abundance of flowers carpeting the ground, the artwork demonstrates Botticelli’s fine attention to the depiction of nature and his ability to infuse his subjects with grace and refinement typical of the Early Renaissance aesthetic.

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