Reserve heads are distinct limestone sculptures that have puzzled Egyptologists due to their lack of clear purpose and sometimes purposeful mutilation. These sculptures were found in non-royal tombs from the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt. What sets reserve heads apart from other Egyptian art is the fact that each one was made to stand upright and be complete in itself. Egyptian art is generally characterized by regularity and detailed depictions of gods, nature, and heroic battles. However, the purpose of reserve heads is less clear and may have had both religious and ideological significance.
Along with reserve heads, other examples of Egyptian art can be found in places like Glencairn Museum, which houses a wooden headrest from ancient Egypt with painted decoration. To truly understand Egyptian art, one must consider the standards and beliefs of ancient Egyptians. For example, Egyptian art was often focused on religious beliefs and served as a way to symbolize the gods, nature, and the pharaohs. Despite the clear purpose of other Egyptian art, the purpose of reserve heads remains enigmatic. Nevertheless, these sculptures offer unique glimpses into the artistic traditions of ancient Egypt.