Robbery (c.1794) by Francisco Goya

Robbery - Francisco Goya - c.1794

Artwork Information

ArtistFrancisco Goya
Dimensions69 x 107.5 cm
Art MovementRomanticism

About Robbery

The artwork titled “Robbery” was created by the esteemed artist Francisco Goya circa 1794. This oil on canvas piece is a notable example from the period of Romanticism, measuring approximately 69 by 107.5 centimeters. As a genre painting, it reflects a scene from everyday life, albeit one charged with dramatic intensity, emotion, and social commentary, as was customary of Goya’s works within the Romantic movement.

Depicted in this somber scene are various figures in a landscape under a tumultuous sky. To the right, armed bandits on horseback appear in the midst of a brutal attack, suggesting a scene of violence and chaos. The left foreground shows disarray among what seems to be victims, with some figures sprawled on the ground, presumably wounded or dead. A notable figure dressed in white stands with outstretched arms, possibly pleading for mercy or in a gesture of defiance. A lone figure raised on a hilltop in the background is silhouetted against the menacing sky, arms outstretched in a pose that could imply alarm or the act of rallying others.

The masterful use of chiaroscuro by Goya imbues the artwork with a palpable sense of despair and agitation. The contrast between light and shadow not only creates depth within the composition but also enhances the emotional weight of the scene, reinforcing the dramatic narrative Goya was known for capturing in this period of his artistic career.

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