The Temple of Artemis in Sardis was a unique example of Greco-Roman architecture, combining Greek models and inspiration with new ideas. Built in 300 BCE by the Greeks and later renovated by the Romans in the 2nd century CE, it was twice as large as the Parthenon in Athens and considered one of the seven largest Greek temples. It served as a temple to Cybele, the goddess of Sardis, whose identity was later merged with that of Artemis. However, this Artemis worshipped at Sardis does not align with the familiar Greek goddess but is related to Artemis of Ephesus – a native Anatolian deity.
Sardis played an essential role in cultural interchanges between Greece and Mesopotamia and Near East civilizations. The Temple of Artemis at Sardis became a creative experiment for both cultures to share their architectural ideas while building something extraordinary.
The temple also functioned as a temple for the imperial cult under Roman rule. With its impressive size and grandeur, it must have commanded attention from everyone who saw it. While only ruins remain today due to natural disasters such as earthquakes, archeologists still study them today to learn about ancient architecture techniques.
In conclusion, The Temple of Artemis at Sardis is an example where art meets history within its design through culture interchange. Its modern-day remnants contribute significantly to our understanding of ancient Greek art thought-provoking astonishment at how human civilization has evolved throughout history.