The Doric Temple of Segesta is an ancient monument located in western Sicily, Italy. Built around 417 BCE, the temple has 14 columns on each side and conforms to Greek mathematical ratios to follow the Doric order of architecture. The temple was dedicated to an unknown deity and built by the Elymi tribe, native people influenced by Greek culture.
The unfinished temple’s construction features travertine from Alcamo and has a crepidoma with three and a half steps. Although it is one of Europe’s best-preserved ancient monuments, it is missing a cella, metopes, and fluted columns which suggest it remained incomplete.
Segesta lead a prosperous life with its mixed population of Elymian and Greek citizens making it their home for centuries. Later ruled by Carthaginians and Romans as they conquered the island nation.
The Doric Temple of Segesta embodies elements prevalent in Greek art during its time period such as using mathematical ratios and constructing temples as tributes to gods or goddesses. This temple is one example that highlights the mastery Greeks had over their architectural tools- evident even through remnants like this unfinished temple today.