Max Ernst’s “The Beautiful Season” is a remarkable piece of artwork created in 1925 during his first French period. The artwork is made using frottage, an automatic technique that aims to liberate unconscious thoughts and divorce art making from conscious control. Ernst was a key member of both Dada and Surrealism movements in Europe, and he used a range of media, including unconventional drawing methods, to give visual form to personal memory and collective myth.
“The Beautiful Season” features allegories and symbols of animals weaved together with the frottage technique. Ernst employed this technique because his interest lied in the art of the mentally ill as a means to access primal emotion and unfettered creativity. He explored his psyche to examine the origin of his creativity and applied Freud’s dream theories into his work. As such, “The Beautiful Season” depicts absurd but fascinating scenes influenced by his memories of war experiences, childhood adventures, dreams, desires, games, fables, myths.
Max Ernst’s artworks were known for challenging social norms representing the illogical modern world based on contemporary German culture in which he witnessed devastating conflicts between reality versus illusion. Also Maximilien Luce was another artist who experienced some German conflict situations like Max Ernsts’, but Luce had another way to identify these situations thru his paintings; instead Ernst directly focused on individual stories related with psychological issues.