The Duke of Osuna and his Family (1788) by Francisco Goya

The Duke of Osuna and his Family - Francisco Goya - 1788

Artwork Information

TitleThe Duke of Osuna and his Family
ArtistFrancisco Goya
Dimensions225 x 174 cm
Art MovementRomanticism
Current LocationMuseo del Prado, Madrid, Spain

About The Duke of Osuna and his Family

“The Duke of Osuna and his Family” is a portrait by Francisco Goya, completed in 1788. This artwork, created using oil on canvas, is a notable example of the Romanticism movement in art. The painting measures 225 x 174 cm and is housed in the Museo del Prado in Madrid, Spain. As a genre, the work falls under portraiture, capturing the likeness and character of the subjects depicted.

The artwork features the Duke of Osuna, his wife, and their children. They are all dressed in the fashion of the late 18th century, with the Duke standing regally to the side, dressed in a dark coat adorned with decorations indicative of his status, a white powdered wig crowning his head. His right hand rests on a cane while his left hand lightly holds a document or perhaps a pair of gloves. To his left stands the Duchess, wearing an elegant gown that reflects her social standing, complete with ruffles and lace. A sense of maternal tenderness is evoked by her proximity to the children and her gentle demeanor.

The children are depicted engaging in various activities; they are dressed in green with hints of red, mirroring their parents’ attire in a more youthful fashion. One child plays with a toy cannon, another holds what seems to be a musical instrument, while a third clutches a small bouquet. To the right, another child with a serious expression boldly stands facing the viewer, holding a rolled-up document. In the foreground, a young one sits on a cushioned stool, engaged with an artistic pursuit. A toy carriage and a small dog can be seen near the children, adding a lively and domestic feel to the scene.

The overall composition, characterized by the harmonious arrangement of figures and the warmth of domestic life, reflects both the dignified status and the personal relationships within this aristocratic family. The use of light and color in the painting, along with the captured expressions and the attention to detail, reveal Goya’s skill in portraying both individual characters and family dynamics.

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