The Santa Trinita Madonna (c. 1290-1300) by Cimabue

The Santa Trinita Madonna - Cimabue - c.1280 - c.1285

Artwork Information

TitleThe Santa Trinita Madonna
Datec.1280 - c.1285
MediumTempera on Panel
Dimensions223 x 385 cm
Art MovementByzantine
Current LocationUffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy

About The Santa Trinita Madonna

The artwork entitled “The Santa Trinita Madonna” is a creation by the artist Cimabue, dating from circa 1280 to circa 1285. Cimabue, an Italian painter, crafted this piece using tempera on panel. The dimensions of the artwork are substantial, measuring approximately 223 by 385 centimeters. Executed in the Byzantine art style, this religious painting is housed in the prestigious Uffizi Gallery located in Florence, Italy. It is a piece emblematic of the transition between the Byzantine and the early Italian Renaissance art styles.

The artwork showcases the Virgin Mary seated on an ornate throne, with the Christ Child positioned on her lap. Mary is depicted with a solemn and tranquil countenance, her gaze cast downward towards the viewer, conveying a serene and compassionate presence. The Christ Child, similarly, appears composed, imparting a sense of wisdom beyond his years. Both figures are haloed, indicating their sanctity and divine status. Surrounding the central figures are angels, each with individualized features but united in their adoration and reverence toward the Madonna and Child.

In the lower register of the artwork, four Old Testament prophets are seated, each within their architectural niche, possibly signifying their foundational role in the Judeo-Christian tradition. They hold scrolls, typically symbolizing their prophetic messages or writings. These figures serve to connect the Old Testament prophecies with the fulfillment represented by the birth of Christ.

Overall, the painting is marked by gold leaf and intricate patterns that give it a sense of preciousness and the flat, iconic representation characteristic of Byzantine art, whilst hinting at the emerging naturalism that would define the later Italian Renaissance. The use of hierarchical scale, with the Madonna and Child being more prominent than the surrounding figures, emphasizes their importance within the religious narrative the artwork embodies.

Other Artwork from Cimabue

More Byzantine Artwork

Scroll to Top