The Third of May 1808 is a painting by prominent Spanish painter Francisco Goya which depicts the Spanish resistance to Napoleon’s troops occupying their country during the Peninsular War. The painting showcases the importance of national dignity, valor, and respect towards historical events. It has been described as groundbreaking for its use of light and shadow, bold brushwork, and emotional depth.
Another notable work by Goya is his series of drawings titled The Disasters of War. These provide a searing commentary on conflict by depicting atrocities committed during wars that he witnessed firsthand. These unflinching portrayals showcase Goya’s anti-war stance and highlight human suffering in an authentic manner.
Towards the end of his life, Goya painted a series called Black Paintings which are enigmatic, dark works that reflect on death and aging. They were originally painted directly onto the walls of his home after he became disillusioned with society following various personal tragedies.