Piet Mondrian’s Vertical Composition with Blue and White is a representation of his signature neoplasticism style, which emphasizes the use of primary colors and geometric shapes. This painting was created in 1936 and embodies the artist’s belief in a harmonious cosmos through its extreme formal purity.
Despite its seemingly simple composition, the painting generates complex effects through the orientation of the frame and positioning of the blue field. The asymmetrical placement of different-sized colored blocks creates a dynamic equilibrium that is characteristic of Mondrian’s non-figurative art. The dominant red block is balanced by smaller blocks of yellow, blue-gray, and white around it.
Mondrian hoped to convey wider social implications through his work, emphasizing elements like balance, harmony, orderliness, and spiritualism. He thought these concepts could be propagated into broader society if more people embraced them. While he used straightforward combinations of lines and colors to achieve this effect, he intended for viewers to receive an emotional experience as they contemplated his paintings.
Overall, Vertical Composition with Blue and White remains one of Mondrian’s most important works due to its fundamental role in shaping his neoplasticism style while embodying his philosophical approach towards artmaking by alluding to a higher spiritual order that can be seen within nature itself.