Leonardo Da Vinci, one of the world’s greatest polymaths, displayed a scientific approach in his works of art. Da Vinci was known for his precise lines and detailed sketches that demonstrated his knowledge and knowledge on proportions. In “The Annunciation,” he applied divine proportions by using a grid method to divide the painting into perfect rectangles.
Da Vinci’s “Vitruvian Man” is perhaps one of his most famous works which demonstrates the proportions of man based on Vitruvius’ descriptions. The illustration presents a naked male with arms outstretched that fit perfectly within both a square and circle, representing the ideal human form.
In addition to examining human proportions, Da Vinci also analyzed those of horses. In his sketchbook are notes on how to draw them accurately with proper skeletal structure and muscle definition. Another notable artwork was “The Virgin of the Rocks,” where he paints the Holy Family meeting Saint John the Baptist while displaying realistic rocks in intricate detail.
Da Vinci used golden ratios in several works such as “The Annunciation” and “The Last Supper.” These ratios created a visually appealing composition by placing important elements along vertical and horizontal lines further dividing paintings into triangles compatible with this ratio.
Da Vinci’s scientific approach to art paved ways for incorporating precision & beauty harmoniously presenting viewers everything from mechanics to anatomy utilized until now by artists worldwide.