Wagon in Front of the Mill (1879) by Henri Rousseau

Wagon in Front of the Mill - Henri Rousseau - 1879

Artwork Information

TitleWagon in Front of the Mill
ArtistHenri Rousseau
Art MovementNaïve Art (Primitivism)
Current LocationGothenburg Museum of Art, Gothenburg, Sweden

About Wagon in Front of the Mill

The artwork entitled “Wagon in Front of the Mill” is a creation by the artist Henri Rousseau, which he completed in the year 1879. It is an oil on canvas piece that is categorized within the Naïve Art movement, often associated with Primitivism. The genre this work represents is a cityscape, showcasing a scene of urban life or a town setting. Currently, the artwork has its home at the Gothenburg Museum of Art, located in Gothenburg, Sweden.

The artwork depicts a serene, bucolic scene with a mill as the focal point. It is situated amidst lush greenery, which includes various shades of green and brown, indicating the foliage and terrain. In the foreground, we observe a wagon, led by a figure, suggesting a sort of delivery or labor taking place. The mill itself appears to be a substantial building characterized by its white facade, red-tiled roof, and multiple windows, some of which are visibly open. The mill’s position is next to what appears to be a serene body of water that reflects a building on the opposite bank. This body of water provides a calming influence on the overall composition, with gentle ripples suggesting movement and tranquility. Rousseau’s signature, along with the date of the artwork’s completion, is visible at the bottom of the scene, providing confirmation of its authenticity and timeframe. The painting is characteristic of Rousseau’s style, which often included dreamlike scenarios and a sense of innocent, direct expression, hallmarks of the Naïve Art movement to which he contributed significantly.

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