134 Henri Rousseau Paintings

Henri Rousseau was a French painter known for his vivid jungle scenes and exotic landscapes. Born in 1844 in Laval, France, Rousseau worked as a toll collector until his retirement in 1886, allowing him more time to focus on his art. Despite having no formal training, Rousseau's unique style and bold use of color caught the attention of the art world. He became known as a self-taught "naïve" or "primitive" painter, and his work was celebrated for its dreamlike quality and fantastical imagery. Rousseau's paintings often depicted lush jungles, wild animals, and mysterious figures, transporting viewers to a dreamlike world filled with wonder and intrigue. Rousseau's work had a significant impact on the modern art world and continues to be admired for its imaginative and captivating qualities. He passed away in 1910, leaving behind a legacy of visually stunning and emotionally evocative paintings.

1. The Tiger Hunt

The Tiger Hunt

2. The Toll House

The Toll House
  • Artwork Name: The Toll House
  • Year: 1890
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 32.8 x 40.6 cm

3. The Walk in the Forest

The Walk in the Forest

4. The Waterfall

The Waterfall

5. The wedding party

The wedding party
  • Artwork Name: The wedding party
  • Year: c.1905
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 114 x 163 cm

6. Tropical Forest with Apes and Snake

Tropical Forest with Apes and Snake

7. Vase of Flowers

Vase of Flowers

8. View of Bottom and MeudonBillancourt

View of Bottom and MeudonBillancourt

9. View of Malakoff Hauts de Seine

View of Malakoff Hauts de Seine

10. View of Parc de Montsouris

View of Parc de Montsouris

11. A Lion Devouring its Prey

A Lion Devouring its Prey

"A Lion Devouring its Prey" is an oil painting on canvas by Henri Rousseau, created in 1905. This artwork belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and captures a dramatic wildlife scene within the dense, verdant jungle. Measuring 301.5 x 201.5 cm, the composition features a lion in the act of devouring its prey, portrayed with vivid colors and meticulous detail characteristic of Rousseau's style. The dense foliage and wildlife elements portray a serene yet fierce aspect of nature, emphasizing the raw and unembellished perspective typical of primitive art. The artwork resides in a private collection.

12. Alleyway in the Park of Saint Cloud

Alleyway in the Park of Saint Cloud

"Alleyway in the Park of Saint Cloud," created in 1908 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil painting on canvas measuring 38.7 x 46.7 cm. This artwork, belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and currently housed in the Städel Museum in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, depicts a serene landscape. In the artwork, observers are presented with an extensive, symmetrical alleyway framed by towering, lush trees that create a natural canopy. Prominent figures, dressed in period attire, are seen strolling along the path, drawing the viewer's eye toward a distant, sunlit structure, enhancing the depth and tranquil ambiance of the scene.

13. Apes in the Orange Grove

Apes in the Orange Grove

The artwork, entitled "Apes in the Orange Grove," created by Henri Rousseau in 1910, is an oil painting on canvas representing the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Measuring 162.5 x 111 cm, this wildlife painting depicts a lush, verdant grove filled with ripe oranges, among which several apes are nestled. The foliage is thick and richly detailed, highlighting Rousseau's distinctive, almost dreamlike style. The painting is currently held in a private collection.

14. Avenue de l'Observatoire

Avenue de l'Observatoire

"Avenue de l'Observatoire" is an oil on canvas cityscape created by Henri Rousseau between 1896 and 1898. This work, belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, is currently held in a private collection. The artwork depicts a serene urban scene with a winding avenue lined with lush green trees, and a clear, expansive sky above. The painting's naive, straightforward style is characteristic of Rousseau's unique approach to capturing the simple yet profound beauty of everyday life.

15. A View of the Ile Saint Louis from Port Saint Nicolas Evening

A View of the Ile Saint Louis from Port Saint Nicolas Evening

The artwork, titled "A View of the Ile Saint Louis from Port Saint Nicolas Evening," is an oil painting on canvas created by Henri Rousseau circa 1888. Measuring 55.2 by 46 cm, this cityscape belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and currently resides in a private collection. The painting captures an evening scene with a serene river, a bridge adorned with flags, and the distinct silhouettes of city structures under a prominent moonlit sky. The tranquil atmosphere is further accentuated by soft lighting and reflections on the water, a testament to Rousseau's unique artistic perception and style.

16. Bathing at Alfortville

Bathing at Alfortville

"Bathing at Alfortville," an oil on canvas painting created circa 1904 by Henri Rousseau, is a notable work within the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Depicting a cityscape, the artwork captures a serene river scene set against the backdrop of industrial chimneys and a quaint bridge, with figures engaged in recreational bathing and boats dotting the foreground. The meticulously composed landscape, distinguished by the simplicity and innocence characteristic of Rousseau's style, currently resides in a private collection.

17. View of Saint Cloud

View of Saint Cloud

"View of Saint Cloud" by Henri Rousseau, created in 1909, exemplifies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is executed in oil on canvas. The artwork falls within the landscape genre and is currently held in a private collection. The artwork depicts a serene, idyllic scene characterized by the artist's distinctive, unpretentious style. Tall trees with delicate branches frame a tranquil village in the background, complete with a church spire and neatly arranged houses, conveying a sense of peaceful rural life and Rousseau's unique, stylized interpretation of nature.

18. View of the Banks of the Oise

View of the Banks of the Oise

The artwork titled "View of the Banks of the Oise" is an oil on canvas painting created by Henri Rousseau between 1905 and 1906. Exhibiting the characteristics of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, this landscape genre painting captures a serene and idyllic scene, featuring lush greenery, an expansive sky with scattered clouds, and a rural path leading through dense vegetation. In the background, haystacks are evident, suggesting an agricultural setting. Currently held in a private collection, the artwork displays Rousseau's distinctive style and his ability to convey naturalistic yet fantastical imagery.

19. View of the Bridge at Sevres and the Hills at Clamart St. Cloud and Bellevue

View of the Bridge at Sevres and the Hills at Clamart St. Cloud and Bellevue

The artwork, "View of the Bridge at Sevres and the Hills at Clamart St. Cloud and Bellevue," is an oil on canvas cityscape created by the artist Henri Rousseau in 1908. Exemplifying the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, the piece measures 100 by 81 cm and is housed in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, Russia. The painting portrays a serene landscape featuring a bridge stretched across a calm river, with buildings and lush hills in the background. The sky is adorned with early aviation references, including an airplane and an airship, illustrating a confluence of nature and technological advancements.

20. View of the Fortifications

View of the Fortifications

"View of the Fortifications," created in 1896 by Henri Rousseau, is a landscape piece classified under the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Currently part of a private collection, the artwork features a tranquil outdoor scene with simplified, yet evocative, depictions of trees and grass. The composition highlights Rousseau's characteristic stylization and attention to natural elements, showcasing his unique, unrefined approach to form and perspective within the serene surroundings of fortifications and figures in the foreground.

21. View of the Ile Saint Louis from the Quai Henri IV Study

View of the Ile Saint Louis from the Quai Henri IV Study

"View of the Ile Saint Louis from the Quai Henri IV Study," created by Henri Rousseau in 1909, is an oil painting on canvas that belongs to the Post-Impressionism art movement and falls within the cityscape genre. The artwork offers a scenic portrayal of the Ile Saint Louis from the vantage point of the Quai Henri IV, capturing a tranquil yet dynamic urban landscape. The brushstrokes and color palette emphasize the atmospheric conditions and architectural elements of the city, reflecting Rousseau's distinctive style and vision.

22. View of the Outskirts of Paris

View of the Outskirts of Paris

The artwork, "View of the Outskirts of Paris" by Henri Rousseau, created in 1896, is an oil on canvas painting that exemplifies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This cityscape is currently housed in the Detroit Institute of Arts, located in Detroit, Michigan, United States. The artwork depicts an industrial suburb of Paris, characterized by factory chimneys, buildings, a river, and a bridge beneath a serene sky, highlighting Rousseau's distinct, primitive style and simplistic yet evocative representation.

23. View of the Palais du Metropolitan

View of the Palais du Metropolitan

The artwork, titled "View of the Palais du Metropolitan," was created by Henri Rousseau in 1909 using oil on board. This piece is classified under the Post-Impressionism art movement and falls within the cityscape genre. Presently, it is held in a private collection. The artwork portrays a scenic urban vista, featuring a street leading towards a prominent structure possibly representing the Palais. The scene is enveloped in a misty ambiance, with impressionistic depictions of buildings, trees, and distant figures, highlighted against a subtly dramatic sky, embodying Rousseau's distinct style and atmospheric sensibility.

24. Village near a Factory

Village near a Factory

The artwork "Village near a Factory," created by Henri Rousseau between 1907 and 1908, is an oil on canvas cityscape exemplifying the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is presently held in a private collection. The scene depicts a tranquil village set against the backdrop of a factory, nestled amidst lush greenery. The composition features a body of water in the foreground with boats moored along the shore, while a solitary figure sits contemplatively at the edge. The factory's prominent smokestack juxtaposed against the serene village buildings with red tiled roofs emphasizes the interplay between industrial and rural life. The artwork reflects Rousseau's characteristic meticulous yet simple style, evoking a sense of naive charm and peaceful coexistence.

25. Wagon in Front of the Mill

Wagon in Front of the Mill

The artwork, "Wagon in Front of the Mill," created by Henri Rousseau in 1879, utilizes oil on canvas as its medium and belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Depicting a serene cityscape, the artwork features a mill surrounded by lush trees and a calm body of water. A lone figure, leading a horse-drawn wagon, approaches the mill, contributing a sense of tranquil diligence. Housed at the Gothenburg Museum of Art in Gothenburg, Sweden, this piece captures Rousseau's distinctive, straightforward style and attention to detail, presenting an idyllic yet simplified vision of rural life.

26. Walking in the Parc des Buttes Chaumont

Walking in the Parc des Buttes Chaumont

"Walking in the Parc des Buttes Chaumont," created by Henri Rousseau between 1908 and 1909, is an oil on canvas painting embodying the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This landscape piece captures a serene park scene, emphasizing tall, slender trees and lush greenery, with figures walking along a path. The artwork resides in the Setagaya Art Museum in Tokyo, Japan, and showcases Rousseau's unique, untrained artistic style that evokes a sense of simplicity and tranquility within a natural setting.

27. Black Man Attacked by a Jaguar

Black Man Attacked by a Jaguar

The artwork titled "Black Man Attacked by a Jaguar," created by Henri Rousseau in 1910, is a vibrant oil painting on canvas measuring 162.5 by 116 centimeters. It belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is housed at the Kunstmuseum Basel in Basel, Switzerland. In the artwork, a striking composition of dense, lush vegetation forms the backdrop, highlighted by a brilliant setting sun. In the foreground, dramatic tension is conveyed as a jaguar ambushes a man amidst the foliage, encapsulating a moment of acute wilderness peril.

28. Bouquet of Flowers

Bouquet of Flowers

"The artwork, titled 'Bouquet of Flowers', was created in 1909 by Henri Rousseau, a prominent figure in the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Executed in oil on canvas, this flower painting belongs to a private collection. The piece features a delicate arrangement of colorful flowers, including pinks, oranges, blues, and greens, set against a muted backdrop. The simplicity and charm of the composition are enhanced by Rousseau's characteristic flat perspective and meticulous attention to detail."

29. Bouquet of Flowers

Bouquet of Flowers

"**Bouquet of Flowers**, created in 1910 by the artist **Henri Rousseau**, is an oil painting on canvas, belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, categorized in the genre of flower painting, is showcased in the **Kunstmuseum Winterthur** in Winterthur, Switzerland. The painting depicts a simple yet vibrant arrangement of flowers, meticulously placed in a white vase. The flowers exhibit a variety of colors and forms, set against a muted background that accentuates their vivid hues. The composition's seemingly unrefined style reflects Rousseau's characteristic primitive aesthetic, capturing an essence of innocent beauty and delicate attention to detail."

30. Bouquet of Flowers with an Ivy Branch

Bouquet of Flowers with an Ivy Branch

The artwork, titled "Bouquet of Flowers with an Ivy Branch," was created by Henri Rousseau in 1909 using oil on canvas. As a representative piece of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, the painting exemplifies the genre of flower painting. It is currently housed in the Albright-Knox Art Gallery in Buffalo, New York. The composition features a vibrant arrangement of various flowers in full bloom, set within a simple vase that rests on a bright orange surface, complemented by an ivy branch. The background is characterized by dark green vertical panels, which highlight the vividness and intricate details of the floral elements in the foreground.

31. Boy on the Rocks

Boy on the Rocks
  • Artwork Name: Boy on the Rocks
  • Year: 1895
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 47.7 x 55.4 cm

"Boy on the Rocks," created by Henri Rousseau in 1895, is an oil on canvas painting associated with the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Measuring 47.7 x 55.4 cm, the portrait depicts a young boy in a simplistic yet striking manner, seated against a backdrop of rugged, angular rock formations. The boy is dressed in a black coat and black-and-white striped pants, which starkly contrast with the soft blue and gray tones of the background. This artwork is housed in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC, showcasing Rousseau's unique, untrained artistic style and his ability to infuse charm and innocence into his subjects.

32. Centennial of Independence

Centennial of Independence

"Centennial of Independence," painted by Henri Rousseau in 1892, is an oil on canvas artwork of the Post-Impressionism movement, categorized as genre painting. The artwork measures 110 x 57 cm and is currently housed at the Alex Vömel Gallery in Düsseldorf, Germany. The artwork depicts a celebratory scene with figures engaged in lively dance and festivity, set against an outdoor background adorned with vibrant banners and flags. The presence of trees and a clear blue sky creates a festive ambiance, inviting viewers to immerse themselves in a spirited commemoration of independence.

33. Child with a Puppet

Child with a Puppet

The artwork titled "Child with a Puppet," created by Henri Rousseau circa 1903, is an oil painting on canvas measuring 81 x 100 cm. This piece, representative of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, is a portrait genre and currently resides in Kunsthalle Winterthur in Winterthur, Switzerland. The artwork depicts a young child standing in a verdant, outdoors setting, holding a colorful puppet in one hand and a collection of flowers in a lifted portion of their dress with the other hand. The background features lush trees and blue skies, lending an idyllic and whimsical atmosphere to the painting.

34. Cliffs

Cliffs
  • Artwork Name: Cliffs
  • Year: c.1897
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 35 x 22 cm

The artwork, titled "Cliffs," is an oil on canvas painting by Henri Rousseau, created circa 1897. As a representative piece of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, it measures 35 x 22 cm and is currently housed at the Musée de l'Orangerie in Paris, France. The painting depicts a serene coastal landscape, dominated by imposing cliffs that rise abruptly from the shoreline. In the foreground, a small boat with two figures navigates gentle waves, while distant sailboats dot the horizon. The artwork's simplistic yet evocative style highlights Rousseau's characteristic attention to natural forms and tranquil scenes.

35. Corner of the Plateau of Bellevue

Corner of the Plateau of Bellevue

"Corner of the Plateau of Bellevue," created by Henri Rousseau between 1901 and 1902, is an oil on canvas painting belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, now housed at the Rhode Island School of Design Museum in Providence, Rhode Island, depicts a serene landscape scene characterized by a winding path through dense foliage and tall, intricately detailed trees. The meticulous and expressive style showcases Rousseau's distinctive approach within the landscape genre, infusing a sense of tranquility and depth, amplified by the subtle gradation of colors against the backdrop of a twilight sky.

36. Woman in Red in the Forest

Woman in Red in the Forest

"Woman in Red in the Forest," an oil painting on canvas by Henri Rousseau, created circa 1907, is a captivating piece belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and classified as a genre painting. Currently held within a private collection, the artwork portrays a woman in a striking red dress surrounded by the lush, verdant foliage of a forest. Her poise and the meticulous detail of the dense greenery around her exhibit Rousseau's unique artistic style, straddling the realms of realism and imaginative interpretation.

37. Woman Walking in an Exotic Forest

Woman Walking in an Exotic Forest

The artwork, titled "Woman Walking in an Exotic Forest," was created by Henri Rousseau in 1905 using oil on canvas. It belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is classified as a genre painting. Currently held at the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, PA, US, the artwork prominently features a woman elegantly dressed in white, navigating through a dense forest filled with lush green foliage and vibrant, oversized flowers and fruits. Rousseau's characteristic style imbues the scene with a dreamlike quality, blending the fantastical elements of the exotic forest with the serene presence of the lone figure.

38. Eve

Eve
  • Artwork Name: Eve
  • Year: c.1906 - 1907
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 46 x 61 cm

The artwork, titled "Eve," is a religious painting by Henri Rousseau, created around 1906-1907 using oil on canvas. It exemplifies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and measures 46 x 61 cm. Depicting the biblical figure of Eve, the scene features lush foliage brimming with a sense of paradisiacal tranquility, juxtaposed with the subtle ominous presence of a serpent handing her a piece of fruit. Currently, the artwork is housed in the Kunsthalle Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.

39. Exotic Landscape

Exotic Landscape
  • Artwork Name: Exotic Landscape
  • Year: 1910
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 162 x 130 cm

The artwork "Exotic Landscape," created by Henri Rousseau in 1910, is an oil painting on canvas measuring 162 by 130 centimeters. Exhibited at the Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena, California, this piece belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and falls within the genre of wildlife painting. The painting depicts a lush, verdant jungle scene with rich green foliage, prominent trees bearing fruit, and various forms of wildlife, including monkeys and a bear-like creature, evoking a sense of vibrant and whimsical natural beauty.

40. Family Fishing

Family Fishing

"Family Fishing," created by Henri Rousseau in 1895, is an oil painting on canvas, exemplifying the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Classified as a cityscape and housed in a private collection, the artwork depicts a tranquil riverside scene. Several well-dressed figures are engaged in fishing, contrasting with the idyllic backdrop of serene waters, dense tree lines, and neatly arranged mill buildings under a luminous sky dotted with expansive clouds. Rousseau's characteristic flat perspective and imaginative depiction of the everyday landscape are quintessential elements that enhance the painting's naive charm.

41. Footbridge at Passy

Footbridge at Passy

"Footbridge at Passy," created in 1895 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil painting on canvas that belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and depicts a cityscape. This artwork captures a serene scene with a delicate balance of urban and natural elements. The focal point is a pedestrian bridge crossing a tranquil river, flanked by a combination of architectural structures and lush trees, under a softly radiant sky. The composition's simplicity and charm are characteristic of Rousseau's quintessential style, presenting an idyllic, almost dreamlike vision of urban life. This piece remains in a private collection.

42. Henri Rousseau as Orchestra Conductor

Henri Rousseau as Orchestra Conductor

The artwork titled "Henri Rousseau as Orchestra Conductor," created by Henri Rousseau, belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and falls under the genre of portraiture. The artwork features a man, presumably Rousseau himself, depicted as an orchestra conductor standing amidst a lush, leafy environment. Rousseau is portrayed holding a conductor's baton in one hand, with his other hand resting near his chest, dressed in formal attire. The background is characterized by verdant foliage, adding a touch of naturalistic charm to the scene, indicative of Rousseau's distinctive naive artistic style.

43. House on the Outskirts of Paris

House on the Outskirts of Paris

The artwork titled "House on the Outskirts of Paris," created in 1902 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil painting on canvas which falls under the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is classified as a cityscape. Currently housed in the Carnegie Museum of Art in Pittsburgh, PA, the painting depicts a serene house situated amidst lush, verdant foliage, with a lone figure walking along a meandering path leading up to the residence. This scene captures a tranquil suburban setting, rendered in Rousseau's distinctive, unpretentious style, characterized by its simplicity and vivid use of colors.

44. In the Fields

In the Fields
  • Artwork Name: In the Fields
  • Year: 1910
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 55 x 46 cm

"In the Fields," created by Henri Rousseau in 1910, is an oil on canvas artwork that measures 55 by 46 centimeters and belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This genre painting is housed in the Artizon Museum in Tokyo, Japan. The artwork depicts a tranquil pastoral scene with a blend of lush greenery and a human figure disengaging with nature, epitomizing Rousseau's distinctively simple yet evocative style.

45. Jaguar Attacking a Horse

Jaguar Attacking a Horse

"Jaguar Attacking a Horse," created by Henri Rousseau in 1910, is an oil painting on canvas that is housed in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, Russia. Measuring 116 by 90 centimeters, this artwork belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and falls within the genre of wildlife painting. The scene vividly depicts a jaguar in the midst of an attack on a horse, set against a lush, verdant jungle backdrop, filled with dense foliage and exotic flora, capturing a moment of raw natural drama in Rousseau's characteristically stylized manner.

46. Jungle with Lion

Jungle with Lion
  • Artwork Name: Jungle with Lion
  • Year: 1904 - 1910
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 37.7 x 45.9 cm

The artwork titled "Jungle with Lion," created by Henri Rousseau between 1904 and 1910, is an evocative wildlife painting executed in oil on canvas. Measuring 37.7 by 45.9 centimeters, this piece is an exemplar of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is currently housed in a private collection. The composition features a tranquil yet majestic lion nestled amidst dense and luxuriant foliage under the luminous glow of a full moon, capturing the captivating essence of the jungle's untamed beauty.

47. Landscape

Landscape
  • Artwork Name: Landscape
  • Year: 1885 - 1886
  • Medium: oil,canvas

The artwork, titled "Landscape," was created by Henri Rousseau between 1885 and 1886 using oil on canvas. Belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, this cityscape piece showcases Rousseau's distinctive style characterized by straightforward, child-like simplicity and a sense of purity in form. The artwork depicts a tranquil, almost dreamlike setting of a town nestled among hills and trees, with red-roofed houses and a prominent church tower standing tall against a dark, overcast sky. Currently, it resides in a private collection.

48. Landscape in Montsouris Park with Five Figures

Landscape in Montsouris Park with Five Figures

"Landscape in Montsouris Park with Five Figures," created by Henri Rousseau in 1910, is an oil painting on canvas exemplifying the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This landscape piece measures 38 by 46 cm and is housed in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, Russia. The artwork depicts a serene scene within Montsouris Park, featuring five small figures along a path, surrounded by lush, green foliage and towering trees, capturing a quaint and tranquil atmosphere.

49. Landscape on the Banks of the Bievre at Becetre

Landscape on the Banks of the Bievre at Becetre

"Landscape on the Banks of the Bievre at Becetre," created by Henri Rousseau between 1908 and 1909, is an evocative oil painting on canvas. As an exemplar of the Naïve Art or Primitivism movement, the artwork captures a serene landscape with simplified forms and vibrant colors, a characteristic style of Rousseau. The composition features towering trees with delicate foliage, a tranquil path leading into the distance, and glimpses of buildings beyond lush greenery, all contributing to the idyllic and tranquil nature of the scene.

50. Landscape with Bridge

Landscape with Bridge

"Landscape with Bridge," created by Henri Rousseau between 1875 and 1877, is an oil on canvas artwork that exemplifies Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement within the cityscape genre. The artwork depicts a serene village scene featuring a quaint bridge spanning a river, surrounded by charming houses embedded in lush greenery. The simplicity and vividness of Rousseau's style lend the scene a dreamlike quality, with a focus on rural tranquility and harmonious coexistence with nature.

51. Landscape with Factory

Landscape with Factory

The artwork, titled "Landscape with Factory" by Henri Rousseau, is an oil painting on canvas created between 1896 and 1906. This piece belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is categorized as a cityscape. Currently held in a private collection, the artwork depicts a tranquil townscape with neatly aligned houses, pathways, and a conspicuous factory chimney emitting smoke in the background, juxtaposing the natural elements with industrialization. The scene is serene, with minimal human activity and an emphasis on simplistic and unembellished forms, capturing Rousseau's distinctive primitive artistic style.

52. Landscape with Farmer

Landscape with Farmer

The artwork, titled "Landscape with Farmer," was created by Henri Rousseau in 1896. Rendered in oil on canvas, it belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is classified within the landscape genre. Currently held in a private collection, the artwork depicts a serene pastoral scene featuring a farmer amidst an array of vibrant autumnal foliage. The composition includes a backdrop of simple, yet charming architectural structures, enveloped by vividly colored trees, exuding tranquility and the artist's distinctive naive style.

53. Landscape with Monkeys

Landscape with Monkeys

"Landscape with Monkeys," created in 1908 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil painting on canvas that exemplifies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, a wildlife painting, currently resides at the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The composition depicts a lush, dense jungle scene populated by monkeys and a parrot, highlighting Rousseau's characteristic use of vivid colors and meticulous botanical details to create an enchanting and whimsical environment.

54. Liberty Inviting Artists to Take Part in the 22nd Exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists

Liberty Inviting Artists to Take Part in the 22nd Exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists

"Liberty Inviting Artists to Take Part in the 22nd Exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists" is an allegorical painting by Henri Rousseau, created between 1905 and 1906 using oil on canvas. This artwork, belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, is housed at the Artizon Museum in Tokyo, Japan. The artwork features a winged female figure, symbolizing liberty, hovering midair while playing a trumpet, amid a backdrop of trees and numerous national flags. Below her, a parade of people, possibly artists, and a lion can be seen. This composition invites artists to the 22nd Exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists.

55. Ile de la Cite

Ile de la Cite

The artwork "Ile de la Cite," created by Henri Rousseau between 1890 and 1900, is an exemplar of the Post-Impressionism movement, executed in oil on canvas. Classified as a cityscape, the piece captures the essence of urban environment intertwined with natural elements, indicative of Rousseau's unique stylistic approach. The scene portrays a serene and picturesque view of the Île de la Cité in Paris, with lush trees framing historic buildings under a vibrant blue sky. Immortalized in a private collection, the artwork reflects Rousseau's distinctive blend of imagination and meticulous attention to detail.

56. Mandrill in the Jungle

Mandrill in the Jungle

"Mandrill in the Jungle," created by Henri Rousseau in 1909, is a captivating example of Naïve Art (Primitivism). With dimensions of 19 x 24 cm, this wildlife painting is presently housed in a private collection. The artwork vividly portrays a mandrill situated amidst lush, verdant jungle foliage, demonstrating Rousseau's distinctive, non-academic artistic style characterized by bold colors and simplified forms.

57. Marshal des Logis Frumence Biche of the 35th Artillery

Marshal des Logis Frumence Biche of the 35th Artillery

The artwork titled "Marshal des Logis Frumence Biche of the 35th Artillery" is an oil painting on canvas created by Henri Rousseau around 1893. It is a portrait measuring 73 by 92 cm and belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The portrait depicts a uniformed artillery officer standing in a distinctive formal pose, with a serene landscape of muted colors serving as the backdrop. The officer's uniform is meticulously detailed, with ornate buttons and patches suggesting military decorum. This piece is currently held in a private collection.

58. Still Life with Exotic Fruit

Still Life with Exotic Fruit

"Still Life with Exotic Fruit," created by Henri Rousseau in 1908, exemplifies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, executed in oil on canvas, is a still life composition that features an array of vibrant and meticulously detailed exotic fruits. The visual arrangement highlights Rousseau's characteristic use of bold colors and simplified forms, creating a harmonious and visually appealing scene. Currently held in a private collection, the artwork reflects the artist's unique and imaginative approach to the genre of still life.

59. Landscape with Cow

Landscape with Cow

The artwork "Landscape with Cow," created circa 1886 by Henri Rousseau, is a genre painting categorized under the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The painting depicts a pastoral scene with a prominent cow in the foreground, accompanied by a person dressed in traditional attire, seemingly tending to the animal. The backdrop features a serene landscape with modest houses, lush greenery, and distant mountains under a tranquil sky, evoking a sense of simplicity and pastoral charm.

60. The Lion Hunter

The Lion Hunter

"The Lion Hunter," created by Henri Rousseau within the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, is a wildlife painting that vividly captures a tense moment in a lush jungle setting. The artwork portrays a hunter aiming his rifle at a fiercely alert lion, nestled amidst dense, vividly rendered foliage and exotic plants, with a backdrop of rocky terrain and twilight sky. The composition uses rich, earthy colors and intricate details to evoke the primal intensity of this confrontation between man and nature.

61. Notre Dame View of the Ile Saint Louis from the Quai Henri IV

Notre Dame View of the Ile Saint Louis from the Quai Henri IV

The artwork titled "Notre Dame View of the Ile Saint Louis from the Quai Henri IV" was created by Henri Rousseau in 1909 using oil on canvas. Belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, this cityscape is part of the collection at the Phillips Collection in Washington, DC, US. The artwork portrays a serene view of the Île Saint-Louis, with the silhouette of Notre Dame dominating the background, while a lone figure stands on the quai. The meticulous yet simplistic brushwork typical of Rousseau’s style captures the tranquil essence of early 20th-century Paris.

62. Nude and Bear

Nude and Bear

The artwork, titled "Nude and Bear," was created by Henri Rousseau in 1901 using oil on canvas. It belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and falls under the genre painting category. Currently housed in the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, PA, the artwork depicts a dramatic scene with a woman, undressed, standing amidst a natural backdrop while a bear sits near her, and a hunter aims a rifle from behind the foliage. The serene landscape contrasts with the tense interaction between the figures, encapsulating the distinctive, childlike charm characteristic of Naïve Art.

63. Old Man Juniet's Trap

Old Man Juniet's Trap

"Old Man Juniet's Trap," created in 1908 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil on canvas painting measuring 129 x 97 cm that exemplifies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. As a genre painting, it captures a slice of everyday life featuring a horse-drawn cart occupied by several passengers, set against a serene landscape of trees and sky. The composition, with its meticulous attention to detail and vivid yet simplistic style, is housed in the Musée de l'Orangerie in Paris, France.

64. Park with Figures

Park with Figures

The artwork, titled "Park with Figures" and created circa 1895 by Henri Rousseau, employs oil on canvas and belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This landscape painting, currently housed at the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, PA, captures a serene park scene featuring various figures and animals interspersed throughout a verdant expanse. Visibly in the foreground is a group of individuals dressed in vivid attire, while structures and a smoky chimney occupy the background, offering a juxtaposition between the natural landscape and industrial elements. The painting's details and composition reflect Rousseau's distinctive, childlike style, characteristic of Naïve Art.

65. Portrait of the Artist's Father

Portrait of the Artist's Father

The artwork titled "Portrait of the Artist's Father," created by Henri Rousseau, belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is classified as a portrait genre. Presently housed in the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (MNBA) in Buenos Aires, Argentina, the painting depicts the artist's father. The artwork showcases a bust-length portrait of an older man, set against a serene sky with soft clouds, capturing a sense of tranquility and reverence.

66. Portrait of a Man

Portrait of a Man

"Portrait of a Man" is a 1905 oil-on-canvas painting by Henri Rousseau, a prominent figure in the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This portrait, held in a private collection, exemplifies the genre with its straightforward and unembellished depiction of a male subject. The artwork captures the essence of Rousseau's distinctive style, characterized by its bold outlines and a somewhat rudimentary yet expressive aesthetic. The man's features are rendered with a peculiar attention to detail that lends a unique charm to the otherwise simple composition.

67. Portrait of a Woman

Portrait of a Woman

"Portrait of a Woman," created by Henri Rousseau in 1895, is an oil painting on canvas measuring 150 by 160 centimeters. This artwork, characterized by its affiliation with the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, is housed in the Musée Picasso in Paris, France. In the portrait, Rousseau presents a woman standing with deliberate formality, draped in a black dress with broad shoulders. Her surroundings include a patterned curtain, potted flowers, and a grey balcony railing that opens towards a serene natural landscape, with a bird flying in the sky. The simplified, direct style and the unique play of patterns and colors imbue the painting with a distinct sense of innocence and primitive charm.

68. Portrait of A Woman

Portrait of A Woman

The artwork, entitled "Portrait of A Woman," was created by Henri Rousseau in 1905, utilizing oil on canvas. As an exemplary piece of Naïve Art (Primitivism), this portrait falls within the genre of portraiture. The artwork depicts a woman dressed in an austere black outfit with a high-collared white blouse, set against a reddish-brown background. The simplicity of Rousseau's technique, characterized by bold outlines and flat, unembellished areas of color, is indicative of the Naïve Art movement's emphasis on a childlike, untrained aesthetic.

69. Portrait of Joseph Brummer

Portrait of Joseph Brummer

The artwork titled "Portrait of Joseph Brummer," created by the eminent artist Henri Rousseau in 1909, is an oil painting on canvas, encapsulating the essence of Naïve Art (Primitivism). Measuring 88.3 x 118.7 cm, the portrait exudes a characteristic simplicity and directness, focusing on its subject, Joseph Brummer, who is seated on a chair against a backdrop of lush, stylized foliage. The portrait is distinguished by the formal and naive style that Rousseau is celebrated for. This exquisite piece remains within a private collection, continuing to captivate with its unique and evocative charm.

70. Portrait of Josephine the artist's second wife

Portrait of Josephine the artist's second wife

The artwork, titled "Portrait of Josephine the artist's second wife," was created by Henri Rousseau between 1900 and 1903 using oil on canvas. It belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is a portrait genre piece with dimensions of 17 x 22 centimeters. Currently, the artwork is housed at the Musée Picasso in Paris, France. The portrait depicts a solemn-faced woman adorned with golden jewelry, characterized by the distinct simplicity and unrefined technique typical of Rousseau's style, embodying the essence of Naïve Art.

71. this is Henri Gervex painting

this is Henri Gervex painting

The artwork titled "this is Henri Gervex painting," created by Henri Rousseau in 1890, belongs to the Post-Impressionism movement and is a portrait. It depicts a group of five men engaged in conversation and deliberation, highlighting a scene of intellectual or scholarly discourse. The dimensions of the painting are notably small, measuring 1.45 x 2.17 cm, suggesting it is a miniature work. The careful detailing and composition reflect the artist's meticulous approach, while the setting and the attire of the individuals convey a sense of formality and significance.

72. Portrait of Monsieur S

Portrait of Monsieur S

The artwork titled "Portrait of Monsieur S" was painted by Henri Rousseau in 1898, using oil on canvas. This piece belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and falls under the genre of portraiture. Currently held in a private collection, the artwork depicts a gentleman with a serious expression, set against a vivid red background. Characteristic of Rousseau's style, it features simplistic yet striking lines and a somewhat flattened perspective, which adds to its unique charm.

73. Promeneurs dans un Parc

Promeneurs dans un Parc

"Promeneurs dans un Parc" is an oil on canvas painting by Henri Rousseau, completed in 1908. This artwork, part of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, depicts a serene cityscape with individuals strolling in a park, showcasing Rousseau's signature primitive style. The scene includes simple, geometrically shaped buildings with red roofs, lush green trees in the background, and a clear sky overhead. Its tranquil and idyllic representation captures the naive charm of everyday life. The painting is currently housed at the Musée de l'Orangerie in Paris, France.

74. Rabbit

Rabbit
  • Artwork Name: Rabbit
  • Year: 1908
  • Medium: oil,canvas

The artwork titled "Rabbit," created by Henri Rousseau in 1908, is an oil painting on canvas that embodies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and belongs to the animal painting genre. This piece is currently housed at the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The artwork depicts a solitary rabbit, attentively feasting among vivid, oversized vegetables against the backdrop of a red-brick wall and verdant foliage. The meticulous yet simplistic style captures the essence of Rousseau's naive art, infusing a sense of whimsy and innocence into a naturalistic scene.

75. Rendezvous in the Forest

Rendezvous in the Forest

"Rendezvous in the Forest," an oil on canvas painting by Henri Rousseau, was created in 1886 and belongs to the Post-Impressionism art movement. Measuring 73 x 92 cm, this genre painting depicts a serene and somewhat mystical forest scene. The artwork features a couple horseback riding amidst a densely vegetated forest, rendered with Rousseau's characteristic attention to detail and vivid use of color. The thick foliage and intricate branches create an enclosed, intimate atmosphere, with the figures subtly emerging from the natural setting. The overall composition evokes a sense of quietude and romantic seclusion.

76. Scout Attacked by a Tiger

Scout Attacked by a Tiger

The artwork "Scout Attacked by a Tiger," created by Henri Rousseau in 1904, is an oil painting on canvas. Measuring 162 by 120.5 cm, this piece is a fine example of Naïve Art (Primitivism). The painting is classified as a wildlife genre and is currently housed at the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, PA, US. The artwork depicts a dramatic scene in which a scout is confronted by a ferocious tiger amidst dense jungle foliage, illuminated by the soft glow of the moon. The use of vibrant colors and intricate details among the surrounding vegetation exemplifies Rousseau's distinctive primitive style.

77. The Seine and the Eiffel Tower in the Sunset

The Seine and the Eiffel Tower in the Sunset

Henri Rousseau's "The Seine and the Eiffel Tower in the Sunset," created in 1910, is a captivating cityscape belonging to the Naïve Art movement, also known as Primitivism. The artwork, held in a private collection, vividly depicts the tranquil scene of the Seine River and the iconic Eiffel Tower basking in the warm hues of a sunset. The brilliantly colored sunset casts a serene glow over the river, bridge, and surrounding foliage, capturing the peaceful essence of Paris at dusk. The composition reflects Rousseau's characteristic simplistic yet emotive style, evocatively merging natural and architectural elements to create an enchanting and tranquil urban landscape.

78. Self Portrait

Self Portrait
  • Artwork Name: Self Portrait
  • Year: c.1905
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 13.8 x 17.8 cm

The artwork, titled "Self Portrait," is an oil on canvas created around 1905 by Henri Rousseau. As a part of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, this self-portrait measures 13.8 by 17.8 cm and is exhibited at the Brooklyn Museum in New York City, NY, USA. The painting portrays the artist with a solemn expression, characterized by bold, simplistic lines and a prominent moustache, with a vase of flowers subtly placed in the background, demonstrating the artist's unique, untrained style characteristic of Primitivism.

79. Self portrait

Self portrait
  • Artwork Name: Self portrait
  • Year: 1900
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 19 x 24 cm

The artwork, titled "Self Portrait," was created by Henri Rousseau in 1900. This piece, an oil painting on canvas, measures 19 x 24 cm and is a notable example of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Currently housed at the Musée Picasso in Paris, France, the painting exemplifies the genre of self-portraiture. It features a detailed depiction of the artist himself with pronounced facial features and a distinctive mustache, set against a simplistic background, capturing Rousseau's unique and unrefined stylistic approach.

80. Self Portrait from L'ile Saint Louis

Self Portrait from L'ile Saint Louis

"Self Portrait from L'ile Saint Louis," an oil painting on canvas created in 1890 by artist Henri Rousseau, epitomizes the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, measuring 113 x 146 cm, is a self-portrait that features the artist in formal attire, standing prominently against a backdrop of a serene river scene with boats, flags, and a footbridge, under a sky replete with cloud formations and a hot air balloon. Presently housed in the National Gallery in Prague, the painting showcases Rousseau's unique and characteristic style, marked by a charmingly straightforward and childlike aesthetic.

81. Sevres Bridge

Sevres Bridge

The artwork, named "Sevres Bridge," was created by Henri Rousseau in 1895. It is an oil painting on canvas, classified under the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement within the genre of cityscape. Currently, it resides in a private collection. The artwork depicts a serene rural scene framed by the arches of a robust stone bridge, under a cloudy sky. A lone figure sits pensively in the grass, while a quaint village can be seen in the distance, characterized by its gentle, pastoral charm.

82. Still life with teapot and fruit

Still life with teapot and fruit

The artwork titled "Still Life with Teapot and Fruit," created circa 1910 by Henri Rousseau, is an exemplar of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and belongs to the still life genre. Currently held in a private collection, the artwork depicts a simple yet elegant arrangement of a white teapot situated beside an assortment of fruits, including pears, lemons, and greenery, set against a muted green background. The piece is characterized by its straightforward composition and the vibrant yet subdued palette that is often associated with Rousseau's distinctive style.

83. Suburban Scene

Suburban Scene
  • Artwork Name: Suburban Scene
  • Year: 1896
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 49 x 65 cm

The artwork, titled "Suburban Scene," was created by Henri Rousseau in 1896 and belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Rendered in oil on canvas, the cityscape measures 49 x 65 cm and is currently held in a private collection. The artwork depicts a tranquil suburban environment with meticulously detailed houses, bare trees, and a factory chimney, encapsulating the serene yet structured ambiance of suburban life during the late 19th century.

84. The Artillerymen

The Artillerymen

The artwork, titled "The Artillerymen," created by Henri Rousseau in 1893, is an oil painting on canvas. Representing the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, this portrait is housed in the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City. The artwork depicts a group of artillerymen, each adorned in their military uniforms, with a large cannon as the focal point. Set against a serene natural backdrop with lush greenery, the piece exudes a sense of camaraderie and disciplined formation, characteristic of Rousseau's distinctive style and the Naïve Art movement's straightforward and unpretentious approach.

85. The Artist Painting his Wife

The Artist Painting his Wife

"The Artist Painting his Wife," created by Henri Rousseau between 1900 and 1905, is an oil on canvas artwork classified within the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. As a genre painting, the artwork measures 65 x 56.5 centimeters and currently resides in a private collection. The artwork depicts a serene outdoor scene where the artist is seen intently painting his wife, who sits poised and composed on a chair amidst a backdrop of symmetrically aligned trees and a quaint garden path. This work exemplifies Rousseau’s characteristic style, with its simplicity, rich colors, and detailed natural elements, capturing an intimate and poignant moment within the artist’s personal life.

86. The Banks of the Oise

The Banks of the Oise

"The Banks of the Oise," created by Henri Rousseau in 1905, is an oil painting on canvas that measures 55.9 x 45.7 cm. This landscape piece, part of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, is housed in the Smith College Museum of Art (SCMA) in Northampton, Massachusetts, USA. The artwork depicts a serene river scene with two sailboats gliding on calm waters surrounded by lush, dense vegetation. Tall, slender trees frame the composition, while a moody sky with rolling clouds adds an atmospheric quality to the landscape, reflecting Rousseau's characteristic stylization and self-taught, dream-like depiction of nature.

87. The Bievre at Gentilly

The Bievre at Gentilly

"The Bievre at Gentilly," created by Henri Rousseau in 1895, is an oil on canvas work exemplifying the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, a landscape painting currently held in a private collection, depicts a serene countryside scene with lush greenery, scattered trees, and several quaint buildings tucked into the rolling hills. The sky is adorned with dramatic clouds, adding a sense of dynamic contrast to the tranquil earth tones below. This composition showcases Rousseau's signature style characterized by meticulous attention to detail and a whimsical sense of simplicity.

88. The chair factory at Alfortville

The chair factory at Alfortville

Henri Rousseau's "The Chair Factory at Alfortville," painted circa 1897 in oil on canvas, is an exemplary piece of Naïve Art, also known as Primitivism. This cityscape measures 46 by 38 cm and is housed at the Musée de l'Orangerie in Paris, France. The artwork depicts a serene industrial scene with a prominent factory building featuring a red roof and surrounding structures under a vast, cloud-filled sky. The composition reflects Rousseau's characteristic simplicity and attention to geometric forms, imbuing the depicted location with a nostalgic, almost dreamlike quality.

89. The Dam

The Dam
  • Artwork Name: The Dam
  • Year: 1891 - 1893
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 46 x 37 cm

"The Dam," an oil on canvas cityscape by Henri Rousseau, was crafted between 1891 and 1893, and represents the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Measuring 46 by 37 centimeters, this artwork is part of a private collection. The artwork depicts a serene scene featuring a dam with flowing water, surrounded by lush greenery and a building with a red roof. Two figures and a boat are also present near the water, adding a sense of human activity to the otherwise tranquil landscape. The sky is expansive, with a few clouds, contributing to the calm atmosphere and reflective nature of the piece.

90. The Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower
  • Artwork Name: The Eiffel Tower
  • Year: c.1898
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 77.2 x 52.4 cm

"The Eiffel Tower," crafted by Henri Rousseau circa 1898, is an oil-on-canvas cityscape that measures 77.2 x 52.4 cm. It exemplifies Naïve Art (Primitivism) and is housed in the Museum of Fine Arts Houston (MFAH) in Houston, Texas. The artwork portrays a serene river scene with the iconic Eiffel Tower in the distant background, framed by a vivid sky sprinkled with suspended clouds and gently hued by the setting sun. Foreground elements, including figures alongside the river and reflections of vibrant city lights on the water, contribute to the painting’s tranquil yet engaging depiction of urban life.

91. The Equatorial Jungle

The Equatorial Jungle

Henri Rousseau's 1909 painting, "The Equatorial Jungle," is a quintessential example of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, specifically within the wildlife painting genre. The artwork meticulously depicts a lush, dense jungle teeming with verdant foliage and vibrant flowers, creating an immersive natural scene. The composition is characterized by its detailed and somewhat stylized portrayal of plant life, hinting at the presence of wildlife subtly concealed within the greenery. Rousseau's characteristic flat perspective and bold use of color contribute to the painting's enchanting and almost dreamlike ambiance, inviting viewers to explore the serene yet mysterious tropical environment.

92. The Fishermen and the Biplane

The Fishermen and the Biplane

Created in 1908 by Henri Rousseau, "The Fishermen and the Biplane" is a quintessential example of Naïve Art (Primitivism). The artwork, housed in the Musée de l'Orangerie in Paris, France, measures a modest 0.46 x 0.55 cm. This cityscape illustrates a serene scene where fishermen are engaged in their manual labour by a body of water, juxtaposed against the backdrop of village houses and enveloped by lush greenery. Above this incongruous yet harmonious interaction, a biplane flies, adding a touch of modernity to the pastoral setting.

93. The girl with a doll

The girl with a doll

"The Girl with a Doll," an oil painting on canvas created by Henri Rousseau circa 1904-1905, exemplifies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This portrait, measuring 52 x 67 cm, depicts a young girl holding both a doll and a daisy, standing against a simple, almost surreal background. The child's expression, the carefully detailed red polka-dotted dress, and the serene landscape background contribute to the work's charming and innocent atmosphere. The painting is currently housed in the Musée de l'Orangerie in Paris, France.

94. The Happy Quartet

The Happy Quartet
  • Artwork Name: The Happy Quartet
  • Year: 1902
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 60.3 x 94.6 cm

"The Happy Quartet" is an oil painting on canvas by Henri Rousseau, created in 1902. The artwork belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and falls under the genre of genre painting. The dimensions of the artwork are 60.3 x 94.6 cm, and it is currently housed in a private collection. The artwork depicts a serene and joyful scene in a lush forest, featuring four figures—three human and one canine—in a harmonious tableau. The central figures, adorned with simple drapery and garlands, engage in musical and leisurely activities, exuding a sense of innocence and tranquility typical of Rousseau's style.

95. The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope

The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope

"The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope" is a 1905 oil-on-canvas painting by the French artist Henri Rousseau, prominent in the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, measuring 301 by 200 cm, is housed at the Beyeler Foundation in Riehen, Switzerland. This wildlife painting captures a dramatic and vivid jungle scene where a lion fiercely attacks an antelope amidst lush, dense foliage. The meticulous detailing of plant life and the raw, primal energy of the predator and prey interaction reflect Rousseau's characteristic blend of vibrant imagination and direct, unrefined artistic expression.

96. The Mill

The Mill
  • Artwork Name: The Mill
  • Year: c.1896
  • Medium: oil,canvas

"The Mill," created circa 1896 by Henri Rousseau, is a Naïve Art (Primitivism) cityscape rendered in oil on canvas. The artwork, currently held in a private collection, depicts a serene countryside scene dominated by a large mill building with a waterwheel at its base, surrounded by lush trees and a flowing river. The composition is characterized by its simplistic and straightforward style, with vibrant yet harmonious colors, embodying Rousseau's distinct approach to primitive realism.

97. the Mill at Alfor

the Mill at Alfor
  • Artwork Name: the Mill at Alfor
  • Year: 1904 - 1905
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 37.8 x 45.5 cm

"The Mill at Alfor," an oil on canvas painting created by Henri Rousseau between 1904 and 1905, exemplifies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, measuring 37.8 by 45.5 centimeters, belongs to the landscape genre and is currently part of a private collection. The painting depicts a serene, idyllic scene dominated by lush greenery and calm waters, with a mill and houses prominently featured, providing a slice of rural tranquility. Rousseau's characteristic precise and simplistic style invites viewers into a peaceful countryside setting, captured with a sense of childlike innocence and detailed charm.

98. The Monkeys in the Jungle

The Monkeys in the Jungle

"The Monkeys in the Jungle," created by Henri Rousseau in 1909, is an oil on canvas painting representing the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This wildlife painting, measuring 63 x 48 cm, features a lush jungle scene with two monkeys among vibrant foliage, reaching for strikingly bright fruits. The artwork is characterized by its detailed and vivid depiction of nature, capturing Rousseau's unique style and imaginative vision. It currently resides in the Portland Museum of Art (PMA) in Portland, Maine, United States.

99. The Monument to Chopin in the Luxembourg Gardens

The Monument to Chopin in the Luxembourg Gardens

"The Monument to Chopin in the Luxembourg Gardens," painted in 1909 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil on canvas cityscape associated with the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Measuring 47 by 38 centimeters, this artwork is housed in the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The artwork captures a serene scene in the Luxembourg Gardens, featuring a monument to the composer Frédéric Chopin. The composition is characterized by its simplistic, yet rich portrayal of figures walking and engaging within a verdant, tree-lined landscape, showcasing Rousseau's distinctive, untrained style that defines Naïve Art.

100. The Muse Inspiring the Poet

The Muse Inspiring the Poet

"The Muse Inspiring the Poet" is a portrait artwork created by Henri Rousseau between 1908 and 1909, employing oil on canvas. As an exemplar of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, the artwork portrays a woman dressed in a flowing dark garment, adorned with foliage, symbolizing the muse, while a man, likely the poet, dressed in formal attire, holds a quill and a parchment. The scene is set against a rich, natural backdrop filled with verdant leaves and stylized plants. This artwork is housed in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, Russia.

101. The Muse Inspiring the Poet

The Muse Inspiring the Poet

"The Muse Inspiring the Poet," an oil painting on canvas created by Henri Rousseau in 1909, exemplifies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This portrait, measuring 97 x 146 cm, depicts a serene interaction between a poet and his muse, set against a lush, verdant backdrop. Displayed at the Kunstmuseum Basel in Basel, Switzerland, the artwork conveys simplicity and directness through its detailed yet unrefined style, characteristic of Rousseau's approach and of the movement he represents.

102. The Pink Candle

The Pink Candle

"The Pink Candle," created by Henri Rousseau between 1909 and 1910, is an oil-on-canvas piece representative of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This still-life artwork, currently housed in the Philips Collection in Washington, D.C., features a simple yet evocative arrangement of objects. Prominently displayed is a vibrant pink candle placed centrally on a plate, surrounded by carefully depicted fruits, a bottle of wine, and a piece of cheese, against a muted background. The painting reflects Rousseau's characteristic use of bold, unrefined lines and a flat perspective, encapsulating a sense of naive charm and rustic elegance.

103. The Poultry Yard

The Poultry Yard

"The Poultry Yard," created by Henri Rousseau between 1896 and 1898, is an exemplary piece of Naïve Art (Primitivism) rendered in oil on canvas. This cityscape is housed in the Georges Pompidou Center in Paris, France. The artwork depicts a serene yard scene with poultry, featuring the simplistic yet vibrant style characteristic of Rousseau’s work. The composition includes modest buildings with red roofs, lush foliage, and a few poultry and human figures, all set against a background of an overcast sky.

104. The Quarry

The Quarry
  • Artwork Name: The Quarry
  • Year: 1896 - 1897
  • Medium: oil,canvas

"The Quarry," an oil on canvas masterpiece by Henri Rousseau created between 1896 and 1897, exemplifies the Naïve Art movement (Primitivism) and is recognized as a landscape genre. Currently housed in a private collection, the artwork depicts a serene and detailed countryside scene. Central to the composition is a stone structure set amidst an idyllic landscape, under a vast, cloud-dotted sky. The presence of a solitary figure walking along a path adds a narrative element, while Rousseau's characteristic meticulous attention to detail and use of vibrant yet natural colors evoke a sense of tranquility and simplicity.

105. The Tabby

The Tabby

The artwork, titled "The Tabby," is an oil painting on canvas by the esteemed artist Henri Rousseau. Created within the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, it exemplifies the genre of animal painting. The painting's current location is a private collection. It vividly depicts a tabby cat with bold stripes and intense eyes, seated on a red surface against a subtly textured background, showcasing Rousseau's characteristic naive style and distinctive approach to form and color.

106. Scout Attacked By A Tiger (eclaireur Attaque Par Un Tigre)

Scout Attacked By A Tiger (eclaireur Attaque Par Un Tigre)

The artwork titled "Scout Attacked By A Tiger (éclaireur Attaqué Par Un Tigre)," created by Henri Rousseau in 1904, is an oil on canvas painting measuring 47 3/8 x 63 3/4 inches (120.5 x 162 cm). This piece is housed at The Barnes Foundation in Merion, Pennsylvania. In the artwork, a scout is depicted being attacked by a tiger amidst lush, dense vegetation. The composition's dramatic intensity is heightened by the vibrant colors and detailed foliage, capturing the ferocity of the tiger and the peril faced by the scout in the seemingly untamed jungle.

107. Portrait Of The Artist's Second Wife With A Lamp

Portrait Of The Artist's Second Wife With A Lamp

The artwork titled "Portrait Of The Artist's Second Wife With A Lamp" was rendered by Henri Rousseau in 1903. This oil on canvas painting measures 23 x 19 cm and is housed in the Musée Picasso in Paris. The artwork depicts a solemn portrayal of the artist's second wife, characterized by subtle, yet expressive brushstrokes and a detailed representation of her features. She is depicted alongside a luminescent lamp, symbolizing a narrative intimacy that infuses warmth and depth, consistent with Rousseau’s distinctive style.

108. Myself, Portrait-landscape

Myself, Portrait-landscape

The artwork titled "Myself, Portrait-landscape," created in 1890 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil on canvas measuring 56 1/4 x 43 1/4 inches (143 x 110 cm) and is presently housed at the National Gallery in Prague. The painting portrays a self-assured artist, likely Rousseau himself, standing at the center of the composition with a palette and brush in hand, dressed in dark attire with a black beret. The backdrop features a whimsical and eclectic landscape with a bridge, a ship adorned with an array of colorful flags, and idyllic clouds in a blue sky. The scene is suffused with a dreamlike quality, characteristic of Rousseau's distinctive, naivist style.

109. Liberty Inviting Artists To Take Part In The 22nd Exhibition Of The Societe Des Artistes Independants

Liberty Inviting Artists To Take Part In The 22nd Exhibition Of The Societe Des Artistes Independants

The artwork titled "Liberty Inviting Artists To Take Part In The 22nd Exhibition Of The Societe Des Artistes Independants" by Henri Rousseau, an oil on canvas painting created in 1905-6, measures 175 x 118 cm. The artwork depicts an allegorical scene with a central figure of Liberty, represented as a winged woman in a pink dress, holding a trumpet and hovering above a gathering of people amidst a park setting adorned with flags from different nations. The gathering below includes artists and other figures surrounding a lion, drawing a symbolic connection to the promotion of artistic collaboration and independence.

110. Self-portrait Of The Artist With A Lamp

Self-portrait Of The Artist With A Lamp

The artwork, titled "Self-portrait Of The Artist With A Lamp," was created by Henri Rousseau in 1903. This oil on canvas piece measures 23 x 19 cm and is housed in the Musée Picasso in Paris. In the artwork, the artist is depicted with a lamp, emphasizing his strong facial features and distinct mustache, while his formal attire and the presence of the lamp suggest an introspective atmosphere. The background appears simple, ensuring the focus remains on the subject's visage and the lamp that subtly illuminates it.

111. The Merry Jesters

The Merry Jesters
  • Artwork Name: The Merry Jesters
  • Year: c. 1906
  • Medium: Oil On Canvas
  • Dimensions: 145.8 x 113.4 cm

"The Merry Jesters," painted by Henri Rousseau circa 1906, is an oil on canvas artwork measuring 145.8 by 113.4 cm. Currently housed in the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the artwork showcases a lush, vibrant jungle scene teeming with detailed foliage and animals. Monkeys, central to the composition, playfully interact amidst dense greenery, while a bird perches on a branch overhead, contributing to the lively yet serene atmosphere of the jungle. Rousseau's distinctive style and precise attention to botanical details are evident, rendering a whimsical yet meticulously crafted piece.

112. Bouquet Of Flowers With An Ivy Branch

Bouquet Of Flowers With An Ivy Branch

The artwork, titled "Bouquet Of Flowers With An Ivy Branch," is an oil on canvas painting by Henri Rousseau, created in 1909. It measures 45.4 by 32.7 centimeters. The composition features a vibrant bouquet of flowers elegantly arranged in a glass vase, with a sprig of ivy artfully placed at the base. The simple yet striking background and the meticulous attention to botanical details reflect Rousseau's distinctive and meticulous style.

113. Rendezvous In The Forest

Rendezvous In The Forest

The artwork titled "Rendezvous In The Forest," created by Henri Rousseau in 1889, is an oil on canvas measuring 36 1/4 x 28 3/4 inches (92 x 73 cm) and is housed at the National Gallery of Art in Washington. The artwork depicts a dense and intricately detailed forest scene, characterized by meticulously painted foliage and a rich tapestry of greens and browns. Within this lush forest, a couple appears to be meeting, adding an element of intrigue and human presence to the natural setting. Rousseau's distinctive style is evident in the stylized representation of the trees and vegetation, creating a dreamlike and almost mystical atmosphere.

114. Bouquet Of Flowers

Bouquet Of Flowers

The artwork titled "Bouquet of Flowers", created by Henri Rousseau in 1910, is an oil on canvas with dimensions of 61 x 49.5 cm. It is housed in the Tate Gallery, London. The artwork depicts a white vase filled with a bright and vibrant arrangement of flowers set against a plain background. The composition features vividly colored blooms, primarily in shades of red and yellow, interspersed with lush green foliage, all meticulously detailed. This still life painting exemplifies Rousseau's characteristic style and attention to nature's intricate beauty.

115. Woman Walking In An Exotic Forest (femme Se Promenant Dans Une Foret Exotique)

Woman Walking In An Exotic Forest (femme Se Promenant Dans Une Foret Exotique)

The artwork titled "Woman Walking In An Exotic Forest (femme Se Promenant Dans Une Foret Exotique)," created in 1905 by artist Henri Rousseau, is an oil on canvas masterpiece measuring 39 3/8 x 31 3/4 inches (99.9 x 80.7 cm). This painting is housed at The Barnes Foundation in Merion, Pennsylvania. The artwork depicts a woman in a white dress and hat walking through a lush, exotic forest, surrounded by verdant foliage and vibrant flowers, exuding a sense of serene exploration and natural beauty characteristic of Rousseau's style.

116. La Tour Eiffel (the Eiffel Tower)

La Tour Eiffel (the Eiffel Tower)

"La Tour Eiffel (the Eiffel Tower)," created by Henri Rousseau circa 1898, is an oil on canvas measuring 20 5/8 by 30 3/8 inches, currently housed at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. The artwork captures a serene river landscape with the iconic Eiffel Tower in the distance, flanked by lush greenery and silhouetted buildings. The tranquil water reflects subtle hues from the sky, which transitions from soft blues to gentle pinks and oranges, encapsulating the calm elegance of a sunset. The composition creates a harmonious balance between nature and architectural beauty, underscored by Rousseau's distinct, meticulous style.

117. Portrait Of Joseph Brummer

Portrait Of Joseph Brummer

"Portrait of Joseph Brummer," painted by Henri Rousseau in 1909, is an oil on canvas artwork measuring 116 by 88.5 cm (45 5/8 by 34 3/4 inches). The artwork, currently held in a private collection, features a seated man in formal attire against a lush, foliated backdrop suggestive of a harmonious but imaginative natural setting. Rousseau's characteristic naïve style is evident in the simplified forms and vivid colors of the greenery, as well as the clear and direct portrayal of the subject, all contributing to the painting's unique and captivating ambiance.

118. Portrait of a Woman

Portrait of a Woman

The artwork, titled "Portrait of a Woman," is an oil on canvas painting created by Henri Rousseau around 1895. It belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and is characterized by its straightforward, unrefined style and vivid, dream-like simplicity. Measuring 115 x 198 cm, the painting is housed in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris. The painting depicts a woman dressed in a dark, voluminous dress, set against a lush, detailed background teeming with various plants and flowers, emphasizing Rousseau's unique style and his fascination with flora.

119. The Flamingoes

The Flamingoes
  • Artwork Name: The Flamingoes
  • Year: 1907
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 114 x 163.3 cm

"The Flamingoes" is an oil on canvas painting by Henri Rousseau, created in 1907. As a work of Naïve Art (Primitivism), the artwork measures 114 x 163.3 cm and is currently housed in a private collection. Depicting a tranquil wildlife scene, the artwork features a group of flamingoes positioned by a serene body of water, with vibrant lotus flowers blooming in the foreground and an orderly line of palm trees occupying the background. This composition exemplifies Rousseau's distinctive style, characterized by meticulous detail and a dreamlike quality.

120. The Repast of the Lion

The Repast of the Lion
  • Artwork Name: The Repast of the Lion
  • Year: c.1907
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 44 3/4 x 63 in. (113.7 x 160 cm)

"The Repast of the Lion," created circa 1907 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil on canvas painting associated with the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, which measures 44 3/4 x 63 inches (113.7 x 160 cm), is housed in The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. Depicting a wildlife scene, the composition features vibrant yellow and blue flowers amidst lush greenery, with a lion feasting on its prey in the lower left corner. The meticulously rendered foliage and serene background embody Rousseau's characteristic blend of fantasy and meticulous detail, evoking a sense of untamed nature.

121. The Snake Charmer

The Snake Charmer
  • Artwork Name: The Snake Charmer
  • Year: 1907
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 189 x 169 cm

"The Snake Charmer," an oil on canvas created by Henri Rousseau in 1907, is a prominent piece of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, exhibited at the Musée d'Orsay in Paris. Measuring 189 x 169 cm, this genre painting captures a mysterious and evocative jungle scene under the light of a full moon. At the center of the artwork, a silhouetted figure plays a flute, surrounded by lush, detailed vegetation and a plethora of enigmatic animals, epitomizing Rousseau's distinctive and imaginative style.

122. The Boat in the Storm

The Boat in the Storm

The artwork, titled "The Boat in the Storm," created circa 1899 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil on canvas painting belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Measuring 54 by 65 centimeters, this marina genre piece is currently housed in the Musée de l'Orangerie in Paris, France. The painting depicts a ship battling a tempestuous sea, with turbulent waves and heavy rainfall dominating the scene, thus conveying a strong sense of nature's overwhelming power and the precariousness of human endeavors against such formidable forces.

123. The Representatives of Foreign Powers Coming to Greet the Republic as a Sign of Peace

The Representatives of Foreign Powers Coming to Greet the Republic as a Sign of Peace

"The Representatives of Foreign Powers Coming to Greet the Republic as a Sign of Peace" is an oil-on-canvas painting by Henri Rousseau, created in 1907. The artwork, which falls under the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and has dimensions of 161 x 130 cm, is currently housed in the Musée Picasso in Paris. In this portrait, various international representatives are depicted coming together to honor the Republic, symbolizing a gesture of peace. The scene is staged on a decorated platform adorned with flags and consists of figures in formal attire holding olive branches, indicating unity and harmony. In the background, a bustling cityscape with celebratory flags adds depth to the composition, enhancing the theme of international camaraderie.

124. A Carnival Evening

A Carnival Evening
  • Artwork Name: A Carnival Evening
  • Year: 1885 - 1886
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 46 x 35 1/8" (106.9 x 89.3 cm)

"A Carnival Evening" is an oil on canvas painting created by Henri Rousseau between 1885 and 1886. Representing the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, the artwork measures 46 x 35 1/8 inches (106.9 x 89.3 cm) and is housed in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. In this genre painting, a harlequin and a lady dressed in festive attire stand in an ethereal forest, bathed in moonlight and surrounded by bare trees. The composition exudes a dreamlike quality, capturing a moment of quiet intimacy and whimsical fantasy typical of Rousseau's unique, untrained artistic style.

125. Combat of a Tiger and a Buffalo

Combat of a Tiger and a Buffalo

"Combat of a Tiger and a Buffalo" is an oil on canvas artwork completed by Henri Rousseau in 1908. Measuring 55 x 46 cm, it belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement and portrays a wildlife scene. The artwork depicts a dramatic encounter between a tiger and a buffalo within a lush, dense jungle setting, characterized by vibrant vegetation and vivid colors. The painting is currently housed in the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

126. Fight Between a Tiger and a Buffalo

Fight Between a Tiger and a Buffalo

The artwork titled "Fight Between a Tiger and a Buffalo" is an oil on canvas painting created by Henri Rousseau in 1908. This piece, which embodies the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement, measures 55 x 46 cm and resides in the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Depicting a dramatic wildlife encounter, the artwork features a vibrant and lush jungle setting where a tiger and a buffalo are engaged in a fierce struggle, surrounded by dense vegetation and vivid tropical plants.

127. Surprise!

Surprise!
  • Artwork Name: Surprise!
  • Year: 1891
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 161.9 x 129.8 cm

The artwork titled "Surprise!" created by Henri Rousseau in 1891, is an oil on canvas piece belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Measuring 161.9 x 129.8 cm, this wildlife painting is currently housed at the National Gallery in London. The artwork vividly depicts a tiger, seemingly startled, amidst dense tropical foliage and under turbulent weather conditions, capturing both the beauty and intensity of the natural world.

128. The Football Players

The Football Players

"The Football Players," an oil on canvas artwork created by Henri Rousseau in 1908, is a prominent piece within the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Measuring 80.3 x 100.5 cm, this genre painting depicts a group of football players engaged in a match, set against a backdrop of lush, vibrant foliage. The players are adorned in striped uniforms, and their exaggerated, almost childlike forms reflect Rousseau's distinctive primitive artistic style. This piece is housed in the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City, NY, US.

129. War, or Discord on Horseback

War, or Discord on Horseback

The artwork, titled "War, or Discord on Horseback" and created by Henri Rousseau in 1894, is an oil on canvas piece that belongs to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Measuring 195 x 114 cm, this allegorical painting is currently housed in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris. The depiction features a fierce figure, possibly representing the personification of war, riding a dark horse through a chaotic and desolate landscape with fallen figures beneath, symbolizing the devastation and turmoil brought about by conflict. The composition is rendered with Rousseau's characteristic flat and stylized forms, imbuing it with a haunting and surreal quality.

130. Exotic Landscape

Exotic Landscape
  • Artwork Name: Exotic Landscape
  • Year: 1908
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 116 x 89 cm

The artwork titled "Exotic Landscape," painted by Henri Rousseau in 1908, is an oil on canvas piece characterized by the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Measuring 116 x 89 cm, this wildlife painting depicts a lush, vibrant jungle scene filled with dense foliage, fruit-laden trees, and various wildlife, including monkeys. The artwork's intricate details and vivid colors exemplify Rousseau's imaginative approach to capturing the exoticism of the wild, even though it currently resides in a private collection.

131. Portrait of a Woman

Portrait of a Woman

The artwork, titled "Portrait of a Woman” by Henri Rousseau, is an oil on canvas piece created around 1895 and is associated with the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. Measuring 115 x 198 cm, this portrait captures a woman in a dark dress set against a lush, verdant background, teeming with detailed foliage and flowers, and a small cat playing with a ball of yarn at the bottom right. The artwork is characterized by its simplicity and clarity of form, typical of Rousseau's naïve style. Presently, it resides in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris.

132. Portrait of Pierre Loti

Portrait of Pierre Loti

"Portrait of Pierre Loti," created circa 1891 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil on canvas piece representative of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, measuring 52 by 62 centimeters, is a portrait genre painting and is presently housed at the Kunsthaus Zürich in Zürich, Switzerland. In the composition, the subject is depicted wearing a red fez, with a solemn expression and a noticeably stylized approach, typical of Rousseau's distinctive naive style. The subject is accompanied by a striped cat, and a backdrop that includes trees and a smoking factory chimney under a cloudy blue sky, reflecting a simplistic yet intriguing visual narrative.

133. The Dream

The Dream
  • Artwork Name: The Dream
  • Year: 1910
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 298.5 x 204.5 cm

"The Dream," an oil on canvas painting by Henri Rousseau, was completed in 1910 and is considered a significant work of the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. This allegorical painting, measuring 298.5 x 204.5 cm, is housed in the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City. The artwork depicts an enigmatic scene where a reclining nude woman is surrounded by a lush, fantastical jungle, filled with exotic plants and animals. The composition and the dreamlike quality invite viewers to interpret the piece through their own imagination and subconscious reflections.

134. The Sleeping Gypsy

The Sleeping Gypsy
  • Artwork Name: The Sleeping Gypsy
  • Year: 1897
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 200.7 x 129.5 cm

"The Sleeping Gypsy," created in 1897 by Henri Rousseau, is an oil on canvas painting belonging to the Naïve Art (Primitivism) movement. The artwork, measuring 200.7 x 129.5 cm, is categorized as a genre painting and is part of a private collection displayed at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City. The artwork depicts a serene nocturnal scene where a female figure, dressed in a colorful striped garment, sleeps unperturbed on the ground while a watchful lion stands nearby under a luminous moonlit sky. The composition evokes a sense of tranquility and surrealism, characteristic of Rousseau's distinctive style.

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