33 John Constable Paintings

John Constable was an English Romantic painter known for his landscapes depicting the scenic beauty of the English countryside. Born in 1776 in Suffolk, England, Constable's paintings are characterized by their dramatic skies and detailed depictions of nature. He is best known for works such as "The Hay Wain" and "Dedham Vale." Constable's paintings are praised for their naturalistic style and for capturing the essence of rural life in 19th-century England. He is considered one of the greatest landscape painters in the history of Western art. Constable passed away in 1837, leaving behind a legacy of influential and timeless works of art.

1. Die Valley Farm

Die Valley Farm
  • Artwork Name: Die Valley Farm
  • Year: 1835
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 147 x 125 cm

"Die Valley Farm," crafted by John Constable in 1835, is an oil-on-canvas landscape painting, demonstrating the hallmarks of the Romanticism art movement. The artwork, measuring 147 by 125 cm, depicts a serene rural scene. In the artwork, a cottage nestled amid towering trees and lush greenery graces the banks of a tranquil river. The foreground features two men in a boat, suggesting a quiet moment of human interaction with nature. The distant sky, filled with voluminous clouds, adds depth and a sense of vastness, characteristic of Constable's ability to capture the essence of the English countryside.

2. Celebration of the General Peace of 1814 in East Bergholt

Celebration of the General Peace of 1814 in East Bergholt

The artwork titled "Celebration of the General Peace of 1814 in East Bergholt," created by artist John Constable in 1814, is an oil painting on canvas that belongs to the Romanticism movement. Measuring 23 by 33.5 cm, this history painting captures the public festivities in East Bergholt commemorating the peace of 1814. Currently housed in the Budapest Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest, Hungary, the artwork depicts a lively scene filled with crowds and banners, set against a bucolic background, conveying the collective jubilation of that historical moment.

3. Cenotaph to the Memory of Sir Joshua Reynolds

Cenotaph to the Memory of Sir Joshua Reynolds

The artwork, entitled "Cenotaph to the Memory of Sir Joshua Reynolds," is an oil-on-canvas painting created by John Constable in 1836. Exemplifying the Romanticism movement, the painting measures 132 x 108.5 cm and falls within the landscape genre. Currently housed in the National Gallery in London, UK, the artwork depicts a secluded woodland scene, with a majestic stag standing before a monument dedicated to Sir Joshua Reynolds. The solemnity of the cenotaph, surrounded by the towering trees and their autumnal foliage, evokes a sense of reverence and tranquil reflection.

4. Coast scene with breaking cloud Sun

Coast scene with breaking cloud Sun

The artwork entitled "Coast Scene with Breaking Cloud Sun" by John Constable belongs to the Romanticism art movement and portrays the genre of marina. The artwork captures a dramatic seascape under a tempestuous sky, with dynamic, turbulent clouds parting to reveal a faint glimpse of sunlight. The churning waves below further accentuate the sense of nature’s power and unpredictability. A small, solitary boat struggles against the elements, and figures on the shore bear witness to the formidable spectacle. This masterful depiction emphasizes the sublime beauty and raw force of the natural world, characteristic of the Romanticism movement.

5. Cottage, Rainbow, Mill

Cottage, Rainbow, Mill

The artwork titled "Cottage, Rainbow, Mill" by John Constable, created in circa 1830 to 1837, is an oil painting on canvas, measuring 87.6 by 111.8 centimeters. This piece, belonging to the Romanticism art movement, is a landscape genre painting. The composition depicts a serene rural scene featuring a quaint cottage, a vibrant rainbow arcing across the sky, and a picturesque mill. The artist skillfully captures the natural beauty and tranquil atmosphere of the countryside, embodying the Romanticism era's appreciation for nature and emotive expression.

6. Country road

Country road
  • Artwork Name: Country road
  • Year: c.1826
  • Medium: oil,canvas
  • Dimensions: 20.5 x 30 cm

The artwork, entitled "Country Road," is an oil painting on canvas created circa 1826 by the artist John Constable. Measuring 20.5 by 30 centimeters, this piece belongs to the Romanticism movement and falls within the landscape genre. As depicted in the artwork, a serene country road is embraced by lush trees and foliage, capturing the tranquil essence of rural life with soft, fluid brush strokes and a harmonious color palette, thus embodying the Romantic ethos of idealized nature.

7. Dedham Church and Vale

Dedham Church and Vale

"Dedham Church and Vale" is a landscape artwork created by John Constable in the year 1800. The piece, rendered using pen, ink, and watercolor on paper, is part of the Romanticism movement and is currently housed at the Whitworth Art Gallery at the University of Manchester, United Kingdom. The artwork depicts a serene pastoral scene characterized by lush greenery, grazing cattle, and the distant silhouette of Dedham Church, under an expansive, cloud-filled sky. The calm and tranquil ambiance of the landscape reflects Constable's profound appreciation for the natural beauty of the English countryside.

8. Dedham Lock and Mill

Dedham Lock and Mill

"Dedham Lock and Mill," created by John Constable in 1820, is an oil painting on canvas, measuring 53.7 by 76.2 cm. This masterpiece, positioned within the Romanticism art movement, belongs to the landscape genre. It captures a quintessentially serene and picturesque river scene, showcasing tranquil waters, lush foliage, and rustic architecture, indicative of the Romantic era’s appreciation for nature and pastoral life. The artwork is housed in the Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A) in London, UK, where it remains a testament to Constable's profound ability to render the natural world with evocative detail and sentiment.

9. Dedham Vale: Morning

Dedham Vale: Morning

"Dedham Vale: Morning," an oil painting on canvas by John Constable, was created in 1811 and epitomizes the Romanticism art movement. This landscape artwork, measuring 78.8 x 129.5 cm, is currently held in a private collection. The artwork captures the serene beauty of an expansive countryside scene, featuring grazing cattle and verdant fields under a vast sky. It reflects Constable's mastery in portraying the sublime and tranquil aspects of nature, a hallmark of Romanticism.

10. Detail Of: The White Horse

Detail Of: The White Horse

"The artwork, titled 'Detail Of: The White Horse', was created by John Constable in 1819. Rendered in oil on canvas, it measures 51 3/4 x 74 1/8 inches (131.4 x 188.3 cm) and is housed in the Frick Collection, New York. The artwork depicts a vivid and detailed pastoral scene, showcasing a boat being pulled by a white horse along a serene riverbank, enveloped by lush, dense greenery. This remarkable piece exemplifies Constable's masterful handling of natural light and texture, capturing the tranquil essence of the rural landscape."

11. Wivenhoe Park, Essex

Wivenhoe Park, Essex
  • Artwork Name: Wivenhoe Park, Essex
  • Year: 1816
  • Medium: Oil On Canvas
  • Dimensions: 22 1/8 x 39 7/8 in (56.1 x 101.2 cm)

The artwork, titled "Wivenhoe Park, Essex," was created by the artist John Constable in 1816. It is an oil on canvas piece with dimensions of 22 1/8 by 39 7/8 inches (56.1 by 101.2 cm) and is located at the National Gallery of Art in Washington. The painting depicts an expansive pastoral landscape characterized by a serene park setting with grazing cows, tranquil waters reflecting the lush greenery, and a stately mansion in the background, all under a vast, partly cloudy sky. The use of vivid and naturalistic details captures the essence of the English countryside, showcasing Constable's mastery in landscape painting.

12. A View On The Stour

A View On The Stour
  • Artwork Name: A View On The Stour
  • Year: 1810
  • Medium: Oil On Paper Laid On Canvas
  • Dimensions: 10 1/2 x 10 1/2 in (26.7 x 26.7 cm)

"A View on the Stour" is an artwork created by John Constable in 1810. Executed in oil on paper laid on canvas, it measures 10 1/2 x 10 1/2 inches (26.7 x 26.7 cm) and is currently housed in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The artwork features a serene landscape depicting the Stour River, with lush trees lining its banks, a tranquil water body reflecting the sky and vegetation, and a softly hued sunset, demonstrating Constable's characteristic attention to natural scenery and atmospheric effects.

13. Branch Hill Pond, Hampstead Heath

Branch Hill Pond, Hampstead Heath

The artwork titled "Branch Hill Pond, Hampstead Heath" was completed by John Constable in 1828. Crafted using oil on canvas, the painting measures 23 7/8 x 30 3/4 inches (60.6 x 78 cm) and is currently housed in the Cleveland Museum of Art. The composition captures a tranquil rural scene, with hills rolling under a vast, dramatic sky. A house perches atop a hill, while figures and animals dot the landscape, illustrating a moment of pastoral serenity and natural grandeur.

14. On The Stour

On The Stour
  • Artwork Name: On The Stour
  • Year: c. 1834
  • Medium: Oil On Canvas
  • Dimensions: 24 3/8 x 31 1/8 in (62 x 79 cm)

"On The Stour," created circa 1834 by the artist John Constable, is an exquisite example of oil on canvas artistry, measuring 24 3/8 x 31 1/8 inches, or 62 x 79 centimeters. The artwork, currently housed in The Phillips Collection in Washington, features a picturesque and dynamic landscape. Dominated by a large, centrally positioned tree, the composition captures a serene rural scene beside the river Stour, with lush greenery and subtle hints of activity in the background, all contributing to Constable's distinct and evocative representation of the English countryside.

15. Helmingham Dell

Helmingham Dell
  • Artwork Name: Helmingham Dell
  • Year: 1825-26
  • Medium: Oil On Canvas
  • Dimensions: 27 7/8 x 36 in (70.8 x 91.4 cm)

"Helmingham Dell," created by John Constable between 1825 and 1826, is an evocative oil painting on canvas, measuring 27 7/8 by 36 inches (70.8 by 91.4 cm). This artwork, housed at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, depicts a serene and picturesque woodland scene, characterized by dense clusters of trees and a quaint wooden bridge. The intricate play of light and shadow throughout the foliage and the tranquil ambiance imbues the painting with a sublime natural beauty, reflective of Constable's adept skill in landscape painting.

16. Harnham Gate, Salisbury

Harnham Gate, Salisbury

The artwork titled "Harnham Gate, Salisbury" is an oil on canvas created by John Constable in 1821. Measuring 21 x 20 1/2 inches (53.3 x 52.1 cm), it is housed at the Yale Center for British Art in New Haven. The artwork depicts a picturesque scene featuring an old stone gate and a small house, enveloped by lush, vibrant trees under a partly cloudy sky. The towering spire of a distant cathedral peeks through the foliage, adding depth and historical context to the serene, rural landscape. This composition exemplifies Constable's ability to capture the tranquility and beauty of the English countryside.

17. Hampstead Heath, Looking Towards Harrow

Hampstead Heath, Looking Towards Harrow

The artwork titled "Hampstead Heath, Looking Towards Harrow" is a creation by the artist John Constable, executed in 1821. It is rendered with oil on paper that is laid on canvas, measuring 9 3/8 x 11 3/4 inches (23.8 x 29.8 cm) and is located at the Royal Academy of Arts in London. The artwork portrays a scenic view of Hampstead Heath, with lush, verdant foliage in the foreground and a distant, expansive landscape under a partially clouded sky, capturing a tranquil and atmospheric moment in nature.

18. Gillingham Mill

Gillingham Mill
  • Artwork Name: Gillingham Mill
  • Year: 1824
  • Medium: Oil On Canvas
  • Dimensions: 9 3/4 x 11 7/8 in (24.8 x 30.2 cm)

"Gillingham Mill," a distinguished oil on canvas painting by John Constable completed in 1824, is housed at the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge. Measuring 9 3/4 x 11 7/8 inches (24.8 x 30.2 cm), the artwork exemplifies Constable's signature style, capturing the bucolic charm of the English countryside. The composition features a rustic mill set against a verdant landscape, with an active waterwheel and tranquil river, providing an idyllic glimpse into rural life of the period. The masterful use of light and texture conveys a sense of realism and serenity, reflecting Constable's profound connection to the natural world.

19. Arundel Mill and Castle

Arundel Mill and Castle
  • Artwork Name: Arundel Mill and Castle
  • Year: 1837
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 28 1/2 x 39 1/2 in (72.4 x 100.3 cm)

"Arundel Mill and Castle," an oil on canvas painting created by John Constable in 1837, exemplifies the Romanticism art movement. Measuring 28 1/2 by 39 1/2 inches (72.4 by 100.3 cm), the artwork prominently features a picturesque landscape depicting a serene mill and towering castle enveloped by lush surroundings under a cloudy sky. The detailed brushwork and dramatic natural scenery evoke a sense of tranquility and nostalgia. This masterpiece is currently housed in the Toledo Museum of Art in Toledo, Ohio, United States.

20. Dedham Lock and Mill

Dedham Lock and Mill
  • Artwork Name: Dedham Lock and Mill
  • Year: 1818
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 21 1/2 x 30 1/2 in (54.6 x 77.5 cm)

"Dedham Lock and Mill," created in 1818 by the artist John Constable, is an oil on canvas masterpiece exemplifying the Romanticism art movement. Measuring 21 1/2 by 30 1/2 inches (54.6 by 77.5 cm), this landscape artwork depicts a scenic view featuring a prominent lock and mill amidst a lush, detailed countryside. The artwork is characterized by its masterful portrayal of natural light and atmospheric conditions, contributing to a serene yet dynamic representation of rural England. Currently, this treasured piece resides in The Currier Gallery of Art in Manchester, New Hampshire.

21. Hadleigh Castle

Hadleigh Castle
  • Artwork Name: Hadleigh Castle
  • Year: 1829
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 122 x 164.5 cm

"Hadleigh Castle," painted by John Constable in 1829, is an oil on canvas artwork that exemplifies the Romanticism movement. Measuring 122 x 164.5 cm, the landscape genre painting is housed at the Yale Center for British Art at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, USA. The artwork vividly captures a scenic view of Hadleigh Castle ruins perched on a rugged promontory, with vast, sprawling meadows extending towards the tranquil estuary beyond. The turbulent sky, characterized by dramatic clouds, underscores the Romantic emphasis on nature’s sublime beauty and emotional power.

22. The Cornfield

The Cornfield
  • Artwork Name: The Cornfield
  • Year: 1826
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 143 x 122 cm

"The Cornfield" by John Constable, painted in 1826 with oil on canvas, is a quintessential example of the Romanticism art movement. The artwork measures 143 x 122 cm and belongs to the landscape genre. Currently housed in the National Gallery, London, this painting depicts a serene rural scene characterized by lush greenery, a flock of sheep being herded by a dog, and a figure reclining by a stream. The composition showcases Constable's mastery in capturing the natural beauty and atmospheric effects of the English countryside, reflecting the Romantic emphasis on emotion and nature.

23. Rainstorm off the Coast at Brighton

Rainstorm off the Coast at Brighton

“Rainstorm off the Coast at Brighton,” created by John Constable circa 1824-28, is an oil painting on paper laid on canvas measuring 8 3/4 by 12 1/4 inches (22.2 by 31 cm). Displayed at the Royal Academy of Arts in London, this work captures a tumultuous weather scene. The artwork portrays dark, storm-laden clouds pouring over a bleak, seemingly endless horizon, evoking a sense of the sublime and the power of nature. The dramatic movement of the rain and the ominous cloud formations dominate the composition, effectively conveying the grandeur and intensity of the natural world.

24. Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds

Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds

"Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds," created around 1823 by John Constable using oil on canvas, is a quintessential example of the Romanticism movement in landscape art. Measuring 88 by 112 cm, this artwork is located at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, UK. Depicting the grand Salisbury Cathedral in the United Kingdom, the artwork is richly detailed with its towering spire and surrounding lush grounds, including cattle grazing and a couple taking a leisurely walk, all framed by verdant trees. This pastoral scene encapsulates both the beauty of England's natural landscape and the architectural magnificence of its ecclesiastical heritage.

25. The Glebe Farm

The Glebe Farm
  • Artwork Name: The Glebe Farm
  • Year: c. 1830
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 23 1/2 x 30 3/4 in (59.7 x 78.1 cm)

"The Glebe Farm," an exquisite oil on canvas created circa 1830 by John Constable, measures 23 1/2 x 30 3/4 inches (59.7 x 78.1 cm) and is housed at the Tate Gallery in London. The artwork depicts a serene rural scene with lush vegetation, a meandering stream, and rustic farm buildings set against a partly cloudy sky. The interplay of light and shadow, along with the meticulous attention to detail and texture, showcases Constable's profound appreciation for the natural landscape and his mastery in capturing the tranquil beauty of the English countryside.

26. The Opening of Waterloo Bridge

The Opening of Waterloo Bridge

"The Opening of Waterloo Bridge," painted by John Constable around 1832, is an oil on canvas that depicts a historic event and belongs to the Romanticism art movement. Displaying the dimensions of 130.8 x 218 cm, this history painting illustrates the grandeur and drama of the event with intricate detail and dynamic composition. The artwork is currently held in a private collection. The scene captures the energetic atmosphere of the bridge's inauguration, with a bustling riverside teeming with spectators and ceremonial boats, set against a backdrop of a moody, cloud-laden sky, highlighting Constable's mastery in rendering natural light and atmospheric effects.

27. Chain Pier, Brighton

Chain Pier, Brighton
  • Artwork Name: Chain Pier, Brighton
  • Year: 1827
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 127 x 183 cm (50 x 72 in.)

The artwork is titled "Chain Pier, Brighton", created by the renowned artist John Constable in 1827. This oil on canvas measures 127 by 183 centimeters (50 by 72 inches). The painting presents a meticulous depiction of the Brighton seaside, capturing the bustling atmosphere with various figures engaged in maritime activities along the shore. The prominent Chain Pier stretches into the sea, providing a focal point amidst the expansive sky adorned with dramatic clouds, showcasing Constable's masterful articulation of natural light and atmospheric nuances.

28. Flatford Lock and Mill

Flatford Lock and Mill

The artwork, titled "Flatford Lock and Mill," was created by John Constable in 1812. Executed in oil on canvas, it measures 26 by 36 1/2 inches (66 by 92.7 cm). The artwork depicts a bucolic scene featuring a serene river flowing through a lock, adjacent to the rustic Flatford Mill. The landscape is adorned with lush trees and under a moody, cloud-laden sky, evoking a pastoral charm. The use of light and shadow, along with the meticulous detailing of the natural elements, highlights Constable's dedication to capturing the essence of the English countryside.

29. Stour Valley and Dedham Church

Stour Valley and Dedham Church

The artwork, titled "Stour Valley and Dedham Church," is an oil on canvas piece created in 1814 by the esteemed artist John Constable. It exemplifies the Romanticism art movement and is classified under the landscape genre. Measuring 56 x 78 cm, this painting is housed in the Museum of Fine Arts (MFA) in Boston. The artwork presents a serene depiction of the Stour Valley, featuring the Dedham Church in the distance, and portrays a quintessential rural English countryside scene with vivid detail and a tranquil ambiance.

30. Study of Clouds at Hampstead

Study of Clouds at Hampstead

"Study of Clouds at Hampstead," created by John Constable in 1821, is an exquisite oil painting on paper laid on board, measuring 9 1/2 x 11 3/4 inches (24.2 x 29.8 cm). This artwork is housed at the Royal Academy of Arts in London. It depicts a serene and expansive sky filled with soft, billowing clouds, capturing the ephemeral beauty of nature. The delicate brushwork and nuanced color palette highlight Constable's exceptional skill in portraying the atmosphere with remarkable fidelity. A cluster of trees gracefully occupies the lower-right corner, grounding the composition while emphasizing the vast, open sky above.

31. Cloud Study

Cloud Study
  • Artwork Name: Cloud Study
  • Year: 1821
  • Medium: Oil on paper laid on board
  • Dimensions: 12 x 19 1/4 in (30.5 x 49 cm)

"Cloud Study," created by John Constable in 1821, is an evocative piece rendered in oil on paper laid on board. As a notable work within the Romanticism movement, this cloudscape measures 12 x 19 1/4 inches (30.5 x 49 cm) and is housed in the Courtauld Institute Galleries in London. The artwork captures an ethereal array of cumulus clouds set against a serene blue sky, exhibiting Constable's meticulous attention to atmospheric effects and natural phenomena, which epitomizes the Romanticist ideal of evoking emotion and sublime beauty in nature.

32. The Lock

The Lock
  • Artwork Name: The Lock
  • Year: 1824
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 142.2 x 120 cm

"The Lock," an oil on canvas painting created in 1824 by John Constable, is a prime example of Romanticism in genre painting. The artwork, which measures 142.2 by 120 centimeters, is housed in the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid, Spain. The scene depicts a rural landscape dominated by the intricate mechanism of a lock gate, with a man exerting effort to operate it. Majestic trees frame the composition, which is suffused with the interplay of light and shadow. A boat, water, and the hazy distant horizon complete the tranquil yet dynamic depiction, capturing Constable's profound appreciation for natural beauty.

33. The White Horse

The White Horse
  • Artwork Name: The White Horse
  • Year: 1819
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 51 3/4 x 74 1/8 in. (131.4 x 188.3 cm)

"The White Horse," an oil on canvas painting by John Constable, was created in 1819 during the Romanticism art movement. This landscape artwork measures 51 3/4 x 74 1/8 inches (131.4 x 188.3 cm) and is currently housed in the National Gallery, London. The artwork depicts a serene rural scene where a horse and cart are seen by a river, surrounded by lush greenery and quaint cottages, all under a sky filled with dramatic clouds.

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