74 Leonardo da Vinci Paintings

Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci was a Renaissance artist, inventor, and scientist who is widely considered to be one of the greatest geniuses in history. Born in Vinci, Italy in 1452, da Vinci was a polymath who excelled in a wide range of fields, including painting, sculpture, architecture, anatomy, engineering, and mathematics. Some of his most famous works include the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, both of which continue to be celebrated for their beauty and artistic innovation. Da Vinci's notebooks, which contain thousands of pages of sketches and scientific observations, reveal his insatiable curiosity and inventive mind. Throughout his life, da Vinci was constantly experimenting and pushing the boundaries of knowledge in a quest to understand the world around him. His work has had a profound influence on countless artists, scientists, and thinkers, and his legacy continues to inspire and captivate people around the world.

1. Mona Lisa

Mona Lisa
  • Artwork Name: Mona Lisa
  • Year: c.1503 - c.1519
  • Medium: Oil on Panel (Poplar Wood)
  • Dimensions: 77 x 53 cm

The artwork, titled "Mona Lisa," was masterfully created by Leonardo da Vinci between circa 1503 and circa 1519. It is an oil painting on poplar wood, emblematic of the High Renaissance art movement. This portrait, measuring 77 by 53 centimeters, was crafted in Florence, Italy, and now resides in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. The artwork epitomizes the genre of portraiture, showcasing the artist’s distinct technique and the subject's enigmatic expression, set against a backdrop that merges seamlessly with the figure, exemplifying da Vinci's skill in achieving a harmonious balance between the subject and their surroundings.

2. Manuscript page on the Sforza monument

Manuscript page on the Sforza monument

"Manuscript page on the Sforza monument," crafted by Leonardo da Vinci circa 1493 in Milan, Italy, serves as an exemplar of High Renaissance art. This ink-on-paper artwork, measuring 21 by 15 cm, resides in the Biblioteca Nacional de España in Madrid, Spain. Categorized as a sketch and study, the artwork portrays intricate designs and annotations that reflect Da Vinci's meticulous approach to the conceptualization of the Sforza monument. The manuscript features detailed drawings and Da Vinci's characteristic mirror-writing, offering insight into his profound ability to blend artistic creativity with scholarly investigation.

3. Madonna with the Yarnwinder

Madonna with the Yarnwinder

The artwork, "Madonna with the Yarnwinder," is an oil painting on canvas created by the renowned artist Leonardo da Vinci around the year 1510 during the High Renaissance period in Milan, Italy. Measuring 50.2 x 36.4 cm, this religious painting is currently held in a private collection and the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh, UK. The piece features a serene depiction of the Virgin Mary with the Christ Child, holding a yarnwinder, amidst a beautifully rendered landscape, showcasing da Vinci's masterful use of light, composition, and delicate brushstrokes.

4. Madonna Litta (Madonna and the Child)

Madonna Litta (Madonna and the Child)

"Madonna Litta (Madonna and the Child)," created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1490 in Italy, is an exquisite exemplar of High Renaissance art. Rendered in tempera on canvas, the artwork measures 33 by 42 centimeters and depicts the Virgin Mary tenderly holding the infant Jesus. This religious painting is characterized by its serene and intimate portrayal of maternal affection, enhanced by da Vinci's masterful use of light and shadow. Both figures are bathed in a soft, naturalistic light that creates a sense of depth and realism. Currently housed in the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia, the painting continues to captivate viewers with its profound emotional expression and artistic sophistication.

5. Lily

Lily
  • Artwork Name: Lily
  • Year: c.1473 - c.1475; Milan, Italy
  • Medium: chalk,ink,paper
  • Dimensions: 31.4 x 17.7 cm

The artwork, titled "Lily," is a sketch and study by Leonardo da Vinci, created circa 1473 to 1475 in Milan, Italy. Rendered with chalk and ink on paper, the piece measures 31.4 x 17.7 cm and belongs to the Early Renaissance art movement. The artwork intricately depicts the delicate form and structure of a lily, showcasing da Vinci's keen observational skills and mastery in botanical illustration. Through its detailed lines and shading, the artwork captures the elegance and natural beauty of the flower, contributing to the period's emphasis on realism and detailed study of nature.

6. Leda and the Swan

Leda and the Swan
  • Artwork Name: Leda and the Swan
  • Year: c.1506; Milan, Italy
  • Medium: chalk,wash,ink,paper
  • Dimensions: 16 x 13.9 cm

"Leda and the Swan" is a High Renaissance artwork created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1506 in Milan, Italy. Executed using chalk, wash, ink, and paper, the artwork measures 16 x 13.9 cm and currently resides in Chatsworth House, Derbyshire, UK. As a mythological painting, the artwork depicts the classical myth of Leda and Zeus, who has transformed into a swan. This intimate and detailed piece showcases Leonardo's skillful use of line and texture to convey the interaction between the figures and their surroundings.

7. Leda and the Swan

Leda and the Swan
  • Artwork Name: Leda and the Swan
  • Year: c.1510; Milan, Italy
  • Medium: oil,panel
  • Dimensions: 69.5 x 73.7 cm

The artwork entitled "Leda and the Swan," created by Leonardo da Vinci circa 1510 in Milan, Italy, is a mythological painting from the High Renaissance period. Executed in oil on panel with dimensions of 69.5 x 73.7 cm, the artwork represents a classical myth involving Leda and Zeus, who has transformed into a swan. The composition conveys a tender and intimate moment between the titular characters, emphasizing naturalistic details and balanced proportions characteristic of da Vinci's masterful style. Although the original piece has been destroyed, the artwork's historical and artistic significance endures.

8. Leda

Leda
  • Artwork Name: Leda
  • Year: c.1510; Milan, Italy
  • Medium: oil,panel
  • Dimensions: 130 x 77.5 cm

The artwork, titled "Leda," was created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1510 in Milan, Italy, and is currently located in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy. Executed in oil on panel, this High Renaissance mythological painting measures 130 by 77.5 centimeters. The artwork depicts the myth of Leda and the Swan with remarkable detail and a delicate interplay of human and avian forms. In the scene, the central figure, Leda, stands nude in an intimate embrace with a swan, surrounded by lush, verdant landscape elements. The painter's meticulous technique is evident in the lifelike textures and expressions, capturing both the natural beauty of the surroundings and the mythical narrative. In the foreground, four children are shown emerging from eggs, emphasizing the legend's mythical elements and Leonardo's mastery in creating dynamic and balanced compositions.

9. Masquerader in the guise of a Prisoner.jpg

Masquerader in the guise of a Prisoner.jpg

The artwork, entitled "Masquerader in the guise of a Prisoner," is a chalk sketch on paper created by Leonardo da Vinci between circa 1502 and 1517 in Paris, France. Measuring 18.2 by 12.7 centimeters, it belongs to the High Renaissance art movement and is part of the "Codex Atlanticus" series. The artwork depicts a figure in ragged clothing, leaning on a walking stick, with an expressive posture and detailed rendering, characteristic of da Vinci’s intricate and observational study sketches.

10. Woman's Head

Woman's Head
  • Artwork Name: Woman's Head
  • Year: c.1473; Milan, Italy
  • Medium: ink,paper
  • Dimensions: 28.2 x 19.9 cm

"Woman's Head," crafted by Leonardo da Vinci around 1473 in Milan, Italy, is an Early Renaissance ink drawing on paper measuring 28.2 x 19.9 cm. This portrait, renowned for its delicate detail and exquisite rendering of the female form, features a contemplative woman with eyes gently closed and head modestly bowed, and is held in the esteemed Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy. The artist's masterful technique captures a tender grace and ethereal quality, encapsulating the essence of Renaissance artistry.

11. Perspectival study of the Adoration of the Magi

Perspectival study of the Adoration of the Magi

The artwork, titled "Perspectival Study of the Adoration of the Magi," is a sketch and study by Leonardo da Vinci, created around 1481 in Milan, Italy. This Early Renaissance piece, rendered in ink on paper, measures 16.3 x 29 cm and is housed in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy. The drawing exhibits a meticulous study of perspective, featuring an architectural setting with arches and a staircase in the foreground, while faint, dynamic figures suggest the composition of the Adoration scene. This study illustrates da Vinci's deep engagement with spatial depth and compositional layout.

12. Page from a notebook showing figures fighting on horseback and on foot

Page from a notebook showing figures fighting on horseback and on foot

The artwork, created by Leonardo da Vinci circa 1504 in Florence, Italy, belongs to the High Renaissance art movement and is classified as a sketch and study. Rendered in ink on paper, the artwork depicts a dynamic scene of figures engaged in combat, both on horseback and on foot. The intricate detail and motion conveyed in the piece reflect da Vinci's mastery in capturing the intensity and chaos of battle. Used presumably as a preliminary study, this sketch reveals the artist's meticulous approach to composition and form, underscoring his profound influence on Renaissance art.

13. One of Leonardo da Vinci's designs for an Ornithopter

One of Leonardo da Vinci's designs for an Ornithopter

The artwork, "One of Leonardo da Vinci's designs for an Ornithopter," created circa 1489 in Milan, Italy, is an ink drawing on paper by the renowned artist and inventor Leonardo da Vinci. Belonging to the Early Renaissance art movement and falling within the design genre, this piece is part of the "Paris Manuscript B" series. It currently resides in the Bibliothèque de l'Institut de France in Paris. The artwork showcases da Vinci's innovative vision for a flying machine, featuring intricate details and mechanical ingenuity reflective of his profound understanding of both art and engineering.

14. Old man with ivy wreath and lion's head

Old man with ivy wreath and lion's head

The artwork titled "Old Man with Ivy Wreath and Lion's Head" is an exquisite portrait created by Leonardo da Vinci during the High Renaissance period, approximately between 1494 and 1519 in Florence, Italy. Executed in chalk on paper, the piece measures 18.3 by 13.6 centimeters. The artwork portrays an elderly man adorned with an ivy wreath, with a lion's head sketched to the right, exemplifying da Vinci’s mastery in rendering human expressions and detailed naturalistic elements.

15. Natural disaster

Natural disaster
  • Artwork Name: Natural disaster
  • Year: c.1517; Paris, France
  • Medium: chalk,ink,paper
  • Dimensions: 16.2 x 20.3 cm

The artwork, titled "Natural Disaster," created by Leonardo da Vinci circa 1517 in Paris, France, is a sketch and study measuring 16.2 x 20.3 cm. Executed in chalk and ink on paper, it belongs to the High Renaissance art movement. The piece vividly portrays chaotic and swirling natural forces, capturing the dynamic energy and destructive power of a natural disaster with intricate and fluid lines that convey motion and turbulence.

16. The Virgin of the Rocks

The Virgin of the Rocks

"The Virgin of the Rocks," created by Leonardo da Vinci between approximately 1483 and 1486, is an Early Renaissance oil painting on panel. Measuring 122 by 199 centimeters, this religious artwork is housed in the Louvre, Paris, France. The artwork portrays a delicate and serene virgin with child, accompanied by an angel and another infant, set against a mystical, rocky grotto backdrop. The use of light and shadow, as well as the soft, naturalistic rendering of the figures, exemplifies da Vinci's mastery and innovative techniques during the Renaissance period.

17. Salvator Mundi

Salvator Mundi
  • Artwork Name: Salvator Mundi
  • Year: c.1500
  • Medium: oil,panel
  • Dimensions: 65.6 x 45.4 cm

"Salvator Mundi," an exemplary work of Leonardo da Vinci from circa 1500, represents the epitome of the High Renaissance movement. Executed in oil on panel, the painting measures 65.6 x 45.4 cm and is currently held in a private collection. As a religious painting, the artwork depicts Christ as the Savior of the World, characterized by his serene expression, intricate details of his attire, and the symbolic crystal orb he holds. This masterpiece exemplifies da Vinci's unparalleled skill in rendering divine imagery with profound depth and realism.

18. Portrait of a Bearded Man, possibly a Self Portrait

Portrait of a Bearded Man, possibly a Self Portrait

The artwork titled "Portrait of a Bearded Man, possibly a Self Portrait," attributed to Leonardo da Vinci, dates approximately between 1484 and 1513 and originates from Rome, Italy. Created using chalk on paper, this piece is a representation of the High Renaissance art movement and is classified as a self-portrait. It is currently housed in the Palazzo Reale di Torino in Turin, Italy. The artwork depicts an elderly man with a long beard and flowing hair, rendered with delicate but precise chalk lines, capturing a sense of introspective solemnity and wisdom.

19. Portrait of an Unknown Woman (La Belle Ferroniere)

Portrait of an Unknown Woman (La Belle Ferroniere)

The artwork entitled "Portrait of an Unknown Woman (La Belle Ferroniere)", created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1490 in Milan, Italy, is an exquisite oil-on-panel painting representative of the High Renaissance movement. Measuring 63 by 45 cm, this portrait, currently housed in the Louvre, Paris, France, depicts a woman in a composed yet enigmatic pose, characterized by her sublime expression and intricate attire. The dark background accentuates the subject's features and attire, contributing to the overall solemn ambiance of the artwork, while Da Vinci’s masterful use of light and shadow showcases his exceptional skill in the artistry of portraiture.

20. La Bella Principessa - Portrait of Bianca Sforza

La Bella Principessa - Portrait of Bianca Sforza

The artwork, titled "La Bella Principessa - Portrait of Bianca Sforza," created by Leonardo da Vinci between 1495 and 1498 in Italy, epitomizes the High Renaissance movement. Executed in ink, gouache, and vellum on wood, this portrait offers an exquisite representation of Bianca Sforza. The subject is depicted with meticulous detail and vibrant realism, characteristic of da Vinci's mastery in capturing human expressions and intricate textures.

21. Profile of a man and study of two riders

Profile of a man and study of two riders

The artwork titled "Profile of a man and study of two riders," created circa 1497 by Leonardo da Vinci in Milan, Italy, exemplifies the meticulous nature of High Renaissance art. Executed with chalk and ink on paper, the piece measures 27.9 by 22.3 centimeters and represents a genre of sketch and study. The artwork features a detailed profile of a man's head, reflecting Leonardo's characteristic exploration of human anatomy, alongside dynamic sketches of two horse riders, displaying da Vinci's keen interest in movement and form.

22. Profile of an old man

Profile of an old man

The artwork, "Profile of an Old Man," was created by Leonardo da Vinci circa 1505 in Florence, Italy. Utilizing ink on paper, it exemplifies the High Renaissance art movement and falls under the genre of sketches and studies. The artwork captures the detailed and expressive profile of an elderly man, emphasizing the nuances of age and character through precise line work and shading. This profound piece is currently housed in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy, showcasing Leonardo's exceptional ability to merge scientific observation with artistic mastery.

23. A Grotesque Head

A Grotesque Head
  • Artwork Name: A Grotesque Head
  • Year: c.1502; Italy
  • Medium: chalk,paper
  • Dimensions: 39 x 28 cm

The artwork, titled "A Grotesque Head," is a chalk sketch on paper by Leonardo da Vinci, created around the year 1502 in Italy. As a part of the High Renaissance art movement, this drawing measures 39 by 28 centimeters and depicts a character study featuring exaggerated and distinct facial features, likely intended to explore various human expressions and physiognomy. Despite its title, the piece reflects da Vinci's keen observational skills and mastery in capturing human anatomy and emotions. Currently housed at Christ Church in Oxford, UK, it serves as an important example of the artist's ability to infuse personality and depth into his sketches.

24. Scythed Chariot

Scythed Chariot

The artwork, titled "Scythed Chariot," is a sketch and study by the renowned artist Leonardo da Vinci, created around 1483 in Milan, Italy. Executed in ink on paper, this Early Renaissance piece depicts intricate designs and detailed mechanical concepts of a menacing war chariot equipped with blades. Positioned at the Palazzo Reale di Torino in Turin, Italy, the artwork showcases Da Vinci's innovative exploration and profound understanding of engineering and military technology during his prolific career.

25. Profile of a warrior in helmet

Profile of a warrior in helmet

The artwork, "Profile of a warrior in helmet," created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1472 in Milan, Italy, is a captivating portrait from the Early Renaissance period. Measuring 28.5 x 20.7 cm, this piece utilizes the delicate techniques of metalpoint, paper, and silverpoint to render a detailed side profile of a warrior adorned in ornate armor and an elaborate helmet. The intricacy of the lines and the precision of the details reflect da Vinci's mastery in capturing both realism and idealism. Currently, this artwork is housed in the British Museum in London, UK.

26. A plan of Imola

A plan of Imola
  • Artwork Name: A plan of Imola
  • Year: 1502; Italy
  • Medium: chalk,wash,ink,paper
  • Dimensions: 60.2 x 44 cm

"A Plan of Imola," crafted by Leonardo da Vinci in 1502, is a paradigm of High Renaissance art. Executed in Italy using chalk, wash, ink, and paper, this design genre work spans 60.2 by 44 centimeters. The artwork meticulously maps the town of Imola, employing da Vinci’s profound expertise in cartography and design. The circular layout of the town, replete with intricate details of its streets and architectural elements, is augmented by surrounding geographical features, showcasing da Vinci's unparalleled precision and artistic vision.

27. Annunciation

Annunciation
  • Artwork Name: Annunciation
  • Year: c.1480; Milan, Italy
  • Medium: oil,panel
  • Dimensions: 16 x 60 cm

The artwork titled "Annunciation," created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1480 in Milan, Italy, is an oil painting on panel. Measuring 16 by 60 cm, this Early Renaissance religious painting is housed in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. The artwork depicts the biblical scene of the Annunciation, where the Archangel Gabriel is shown delivering the news to the Virgin Mary that she will conceive the Son of God. The composition features both figures in a serene garden setting, beautifully illustrating da Vinci's mastery of form and expression.

28. Anatomy of the Neck

Anatomy of the Neck

The artwork, titled "Anatomy of the Neck," was created by Leonardo da Vinci in 1515 in Rome, Italy, during the High Renaissance period. This piece is a detailed sketch and study focusing on the anatomical structure of the human neck, featuring meticulous renderings of muscles, vertebrae, and other anatomical elements. The artwork also includes handwritten notes by the artist, demonstrating his profound interest in and understanding of human anatomy, a hallmark of his scientific and artistic endeavors.

29. Anatomical studies of the shoulder

Anatomical studies of the shoulder

The artwork, titled "Anatomical studies of the shoulder" and created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1510 in Milan, Italy, renders intricate, scholarly studies of the human shoulder's anatomical structure. Executed in chalk and ink on paper, this piece, measuring 28.9 by 19.9 centimeters, epitomizes the High Renaissance art movement's commitment to scientific exploration and precision. As a sketch and study, the artwork meticulously details musculature and skeletal components, accompanied by da Vinci's characteristic notations, showcasing his profound understanding and observational acumen in human anatomy.

30. Anatomical studies of a male shoulder

Anatomical studies of a male shoulder

The artwork, titled "Anatomical studies of a male shoulder," was created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1509 in Milan, Italy. Rendered using ink on paper, it measures 29.2 by 19.8 centimeters and belongs to the High Renaissance art movement. This piece is classified as a sketch and study, meticulously exploring the anatomical structure of the male shoulder. The artwork features detailed depictions of muscular and skeletal elements, accompanied by da Vinci's characteristic annotations, showcasing his profound understanding and study of human anatomy.

31. Anatomical studies (larynx and leg)

Anatomical studies (larynx and leg)

The artwork titled "Anatomical studies (larynx and leg)" by Leonardo da Vinci, created in 1510 in Milan, Italy, is a distinguished ink-on-paper sketch exemplifying the High Renaissance art movement. This piece, a study and sketch genre artwork, showcases detailed anatomical analyses of the human larynx and leg. Da Vinci’s meticulous attention to the intricate structures is evident through the precise and elaborate depiction of muscles, tendons, and other anatomical features, accompanied by scholarly annotations. This drawing reflects da Vinci's profound contributions to both art and science, highlighting his pioneering endeavors in the study of human anatomy.

32. Anatomical studies

Anatomical studies
  • Artwork Name: Anatomical studies
  • Year: c.1505; Florence, Italy
  • Medium: ink,paper
  • Dimensions: 25.3 x 19.7 cm

The artwork, titled "Anatomical Studies," was created by Leonardo da Vinci around c.1505 in Florence, Italy. Executed in ink on paper, with dimensions of 25.3 by 19.7 cm, this work is a representation of the High Renaissance art movement. The piece, a sketch and study of human anatomy, showcases da Vinci's meticulous attention to detail and his profound interest in the human form. It is currently housed at the Palazzo Reale di Torino in Turin, Italy. The artwork serves as a testament to da Vinci's enduring legacy in the field of anatomical illustration and his unparalleled skill in capturing the intricacies of the human body.

33. An Artillery Park

An Artillery Park

The artwork, titled "An Artillery Park," created by Leonardo da Vinci in 1487 in Milan, Italy, exemplifies the Early Renaissance period. Rendered in pencil on paper, this sketch and study visually captures a meticulously detailed scene of an artillery park. The viewer is presented with an array of cannons and associated machinery, surrounded by soldiers and workers engaged in various tasks. The masterful use of perspective and intricate lines characteristic of da Vinci's genius is evident in the complex arrangement of mechanical elements and human figures within the fortified setting.

34. Allegory

Allegory
  • Artwork Name: Allegory
  • Year: c.1516; Paris, France
  • Medium: chalk,paper
  • Dimensions: 17 x 28 cm

The artwork titled "Allegory," created by Leonardo da Vinci around the year 1516 in Paris, France, is an allegorical painting executed on paper using chalk. As a piece from the High Renaissance art movement, this work measures 17 by 28 centimeters. The composition features intricate detailing, with symbolic elements evident in the serene yet profound depiction, including a figure in a boat adorned with a tree, directed towards a regal bird standing upon a globe, illuminated by radiant beams of light. The artwork harmonizes naturalistic observation with profound allegorical meaning, exemplifying Leonardo's mastery in both artistic expression and intellectual depth.

35. Spring Device

Spring Device

"Spring Device," created around 1500 by Leonardo da Vinci, and rendered in ink on paper during the High Renaissance, is a sketch and study located in the Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain. The artwork exemplifies da Vinci's meticulous attention to mechanical detail and inventive prowess. It depicts a complex, spiraling spring mechanism, showcasing his profound understanding of engineering and machinery, and stands as a testament to his contributions to both art and science during his era.

36. Seated old man

Seated old man
  • Artwork Name: Seated old man
  • Year: c.1487 - c.1498; Milan, Italy
  • Medium: ink,paper

The artwork, titled "Seated Old Man," is an intricate sketch by Leonardo da Vinci, part of the "Codex Atlanticus" series. Created between circa 1487 and circa 1498 in Milan, Italy, this piece exemplifies the High Renaissance art movement. Rendered in ink on paper, the artwork falls under the genre of sketch and study. It depicts an elderly man seated in a thoughtful pose, with precise lines and subtle shading that showcase da Vinci's masterful technique in capturing human emotion and detail.

37. Sedge

Sedge
  • Artwork Name: Sedge
  • Year: c.1510; Italy
  • Medium: pencil,paper

The artwork titled "Sedge" by Leonardo da Vinci, created circa 1510 in Italy, exemplifies his contributions to the High Renaissance movement. Rendered in pencil on paper, this piece falls under the genre of sketches and studies. The artwork displays a detailed and delicate botanical study, portraying the intricate structure and foliage of the sedge plant with remarkable precision, highlighting Leonardo's keen observational skills and mastery of the natural world.

38. Self Portrait

Self Portrait

The artwork titled "Self Portrait," created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1505, is an exemplar of the High Renaissance art movement. It represents the genre of self-portraiture and is currently housed in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy. The artwork depicts an older man, presumed to be da Vinci himself, with long flowing hair and a beard, adorned in a dark hat and cloak. The facial expression is one of contemplation and dignity, capturing the artist's advanced years and reflective nature. The use of light and shadow in the portrait exemplifies the masterful techniques typical of the High Renaissance period.

39. Self portrait on the Flight of Birds Codex

Self portrait on the Flight of Birds Codex

The artwork titled "Self Portrait on the Flight of Birds Codex" was created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1485 in Italy and belongs to the Early Renaissance art movement. The artwork is a self-portrait, depicted within the context of Da Vinci's studies on the flight of birds, and it features meticulous sketches and annotations reflecting his analytical interests and artistic mastery. The rendering demonstrates his profound understanding of human anatomy and his preoccupation with capturing the essence of both scientific inquiry and personal identity.

40. Siege Defenses

Siege Defenses

The artwork, titled "Siege Defenses," is a sketch and study created by Leonardo da Vinci circa 1481 in Milan, Italy, during the Early Renaissance period. This piece is currently housed in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan, Italy. The artwork depicts Leonardo da Vinci's detailed and innovative designs for defensive mechanisms used in siege warfare. The intricate lines and mechanical details reflect da Vinci's profound understanding of engineering and military tactics. This sketch exemplifies his contributions to the scientific study of mechanics and his relentless pursuit of technological advancements in warfare.

41. Sleeve Study for the Annunciation

Sleeve Study for the Annunciation

"Sleeve Study for the Annunciation," created by Leonardo da Vinci between c.1470 - c.1473, is an example of an Early Renaissance sketch and study. The artwork primarily consists of a meticulous and expressive rendering of a sleeve, showcasing the artist's attention to the intricate folds and textures of the fabric. Da Vinci's expert handling of chiaroscuro highlights the three-dimensional form of the sleeve, demonstrating his profound understanding of anatomy and drapery. This study reflects Da Vinci's preparatory process for his larger works, underscoring his dedication to detail and realism.

42. Vetruvian Man

Vetruvian Man
  • Artwork Name: Vetruvian Man
  • Year: 1492
  • Medium: Ink on Paper
  • Dimensions: 24.5 x 34.3 cm

The artwork, titled "Vitruvian Man" and created by Leonardo da Vinci in 1492, is an ink on paper piece measuring 24.5 x 34.3 cm. Representing the High Renaissance art movement, this design artwork was crafted in Milan, Italy and is currently housed at the Galleria dell'Accademia in Venice, Italy. The artwork depicts a human figure displaying the ideal human body proportions with extended arms and legs, superimposed in both a square and a circle, exemplifying the blend of art and science during the Renaissance.

43. Lady with an Ermine

Lady with an Ermine
  • Artwork Name: Lady with an Ermine
  • Year: 1483-1490
  • Medium: Oil on wood
  • Dimensions: 53.4 x 39.3 cm (21 x 15 1/2 in.)

The artwork, "Lady with an Ermine," is a distinguished piece by the renowned artist Leonardo da Vinci, created between 1483 and 1490. Rendered in oil on wood, the dimensions of this masterpiece are 53.4 x 39.3 cm (21 x 15 1/2 inches). The painting is currently housed in the Czartoryski Museum in Cracow. The artwork portrays a poised young woman, elegantly attired, gently holding an ermine, with meticulous attention to detail that highlights da Vinci's masterful technique and profound understanding of human expression and anatomy.

44. St. Jerome

St. Jerome
  • Artwork Name: St. Jerome
  • Year: c. 1480
  • Medium: Tempera And Oil On Panel
  • Dimensions: 40 1/8 x 29 1/4 in. (103 x 75 cm)

45. Head Of A Woman

Head Of A Woman

46. Sketches For "the Battle Of Anghiari"

Sketches For "the Battle Of Anghiari"

47. Rearing Horse

Rearing Horse
  • Artwork Name: Rearing Horse
  • Year: c.1503
  • Medium: chalk,paper
  • Dimensions: 15.3 x 14.2 cm

The artwork, titled "Rearing Horse," is a chalk sketch on paper created by Leonardo da Vinci around the year 1503 in Florence, Italy. Representing the High Renaissance art movement, this piece measures 15.3 by 14.2 cm and falls into the genre of sketch and study. The artwork captures the dynamic form and energy of a rearing horse, showcasing da Vinci's exceptional ability to render movement and anatomy with precise detail.

48. Cannon Foundry

Cannon Foundry

"Cannon Foundry," an ink on paper artwork by Leonardo da Vinci, was created in 1487 during the Early Renaissance period in Milan, Italy. The artwork, which belongs to the design genre, is presently housed in The Royal Library, Windsor Castle. The artwork intricately depicts a bustling scene within a cannon foundry, featuring detailed illustrations of laborers, machinery, and various tools involved in the process of cannon production. It reflects not only da Vinci's artistic prowess but also his keen interest in engineering and mechanical design.

49. The Virgin of the Rocks

The Virgin of the Rocks

"The Virgin of the Rocks," created by Leonardo da Vinci between 1483 and circa 1505, is a distinguished oil painting on panel embodying the High Renaissance art movement. Measuring 189.5 x 120 cm, the artwork resides in the National Gallery, London, and was originally created in Florence, Italy. The religious painting depicts the Virgin Mary, Christ Child, John the Baptist, and an angel set within a rocky grotto, emphasizing harmonious composition and ethereal lighting characteristic of Leonardo's mastery.

50. Distance from the Sun to the Earth and the size of the Moon

Distance from the Sun to the Earth and the size of the Moon

The artwork, titled "Distance from the Sun to the Earth and the size of the Moon," is a creation by Leonardo da Vinci, currently housed in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle. The artwork features intricate diagrams and handwritten notes in da Vinci's characteristic mirror writing. It illustrates the spatial relationships and geometric considerations between the Sun, Earth, and Moon. Through a series of detailed sketches, da Vinci explores the mathematical and observational principles governing celestial distances and dimensions, reflecting his deep engagement with astronomical sciences.

51. Benois Madonna

Benois Madonna
  • Artwork Name: Benois Madonna
  • Year: c.1478
  • Medium: Oil on Canvas
  • Dimensions: 33 x 49.5 cm

The artwork, titled "Benois Madonna," was created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1478 during the Early Renaissance period. This religious painting, crafted using oil on canvas, measures 33 by 49.5 centimeters and was created in Milan, Italy. It is currently housed in the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The artwork portrays the intimate scene of the Madonna gently holding the Christ Child, rendered with da Vinci's characteristic meticulous attention to detail and tender expressiveness, illustrating a moment of serene maternal affection.

52. The Musician

The Musician
  • Artwork Name: The Musician
  • Year: c.1483 - 1487
  • Medium: Oil on Panel
  • Dimensions: 32 x 44.7 cm

"The Musician," created by Leonardo da Vinci between 1483 and 1487, is an Early Renaissance oil on panel portrait measuring 32 by 44.7 centimeters. The artwork, housed in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan, Italy, depicts a young man with curly hair, clad in a red cap and a black robe adorned with a wooden stole. He holds a piece of sheet music in one hand, reflecting his vocation, and gazes intently to his right. The thoughtful expression and meticulous attention to detail, characteristic of da Vinci's technique, imbue the portrait with a lifelike presence and contemplative aura.

53. The Virgin and Child with St. Anne and the Young St. John the Baptist

The Virgin and Child with St. Anne and the Young St. John the Baptist

"The Virgin and Child with St. Anne and the Young St. John the Baptist," created by Leonardo da Vinci circa 1501, is a charcoal drawing with touches of white on paper, measuring 55 3/4 by 41 1/4 inches (141.5 x 104.6 cm). The artwork, housed in the National Gallery, London, is an exquisite depiction of religious figures: the Virgin Mary, her mother St. Anne, the infant Christ, and the young St. John the Baptist. Executed with Leonardo's characteristic finesse, the composition conveys a profound intimacy and interaction among the figures, exemplified by the tender gestures and expressions that illustrate the intricate bond between them.

54. Geometric Figure Duodecendron elevatus vacuus

Geometric Figure Duodecendron elevatus vacuus

The artwork, titled "Geometric Figure Duodecendron elevatus vacuus," is attributed to the renowned artist Leonardo da Vinci and is housed in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan. This intricate piece showcases a geometric structure, precisely rendered in typical da Vinci fashion, revealing his deep interest in mathematical and scientific exploration. The artwork depicts an elevated and seemingly hollow polyhedral form, intricately detailed to highlight Leonardo's mastery in illustrating complex geometrical figures.

55. Geometric Figure Tetracendron elevatus vacuus

Geometric Figure Tetracendron elevatus vacuus

The artwork, titled "Geometric Figure Tetracendron elevatus vacuus" by Leonardo da Vinci, is housed in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan. It features an intricate geometric construction depicting a tetrahedron suspended and elevated, with a complex internal framework. The precise and meticulous lines demonstrate da Vinci's profound understanding of geometry and his ability to translate mathematical concepts into visual art. The artwork exudes a sense of balance and symmetry, reflecting the artist's quest to explore the fundamental principles of form and structure.

56. Head of a Warrior

Head of a Warrior
  • Artwork Name: Head of a Warrior
  • Year: c. 1504-06
  • Medium: Red pencil on cream-colored paper
  • Dimensions: 22.7 x 18.6 cm (9 x 7 3/8 in)

The artwork titled "Head of a Warrior" by Leonardo da Vinci, created circa 1504-06, is a red pencil drawing on cream-colored paper. Measuring 22.7 x 18.6 cm (9 x 7 3/8 inches), it depicts a warrior's profile rendered with exquisite detail and dynamic expression. Currently housed in the Szepmuveszeti Museum in Budapest, the piece exemplifies da Vinci's masterful use of line and shading to convey emotion and vitality.

57. Women's Head

Women's Head

The artwork, titled "Women's Head," was masterfully crafted by Leonardo da Vinci around the year 1473. Presently housed in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, this piece encapsulates Renaissance beauty through a delicate yet profoundly expressive rendering of a woman's profile. Employing his characteristic technique, da Vinci intricately captures the softness of her features and the elegance of her flowing curls, imbuing the drawing with a sense of serene contemplation and refined grace. This artwork exemplifies da Vinci's unparalleled skill in depicting human expression and form.

58. Head of a Young Woman

Head of a Young Woman

"Head of a Young Woman," created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1506 to 1508 and currently housed in the Accademia in Venice, depicts a graceful, contemplative female face. Rendered with delicate lines and a masterful use of light and shadow, the artwork showcases da Vinci's unparalleled ability to capture the subtleties of human expression and emotion. The young woman's serene and introspective demeanor, with her gently closed eyes and soft features, conveys a timeless sense of tranquility and beauty.

59. John the Baptist

John the Baptist
  • Artwork Name: John the Baptist
  • Year: c.1515
  • Medium: Oil on Panel
  • Dimensions: 57 x 69 cm

The artwork, titled "John the Baptist," is an oil on panel masterpiece by Leonardo da Vinci, created around the year 1515 during the High Renaissance period. Measuring 57 by 69 centimeters, this religious painting was produced in Rome, Italy, and is now housed in the Louvre in Paris, France. The artwork depicts John the Baptist with an enigmatic expression, his right finger pointing upward toward a cross he is holding in his left hand. Rendered with exquisite detail and a subtle chiaroscuro effect, the artwork showcases Da Vinci's mastery in capturing the delicate interplay of light and shadow.

60. Madonna Litta

Madonna Litta
  • Artwork Name: Madonna Litta
  • Year: c. 1490-91
  • Medium: Tempera on Canvas, transferred from panel
  • Dimensions: 16 1/2 x 13 in. (42 x 33 cm)

The artwork, named "Madonna Litta," was created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1490-91. This tempera on canvas, which was transferred from an original panel, measures 16 1/2 by 13 inches (42 by 33 centimeters) and is currently housed in the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The artwork depicts the Virgin Mary tenderly holding the Christ Child, who is feeding at her breast. The serene expressions on both faces and the intimate moment they share are masterfully rendered, while the rich colors and intricate detailing showcase Leonardo's exceptional skill and delicate artistry. The two arched windows in the background frame an ethereal landscape, enhancing the divine atmosphere of this quintessential Renaissance painting.

61. Muscles of the neck and shoulders

Muscles of the neck and shoulders

The artwork titled "Muscles of the Neck and Shoulders," created by Leonardo da Vinci circa 1515, measures 29.2 cm in height. It is housed in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle. This distinguished piece exemplifies da Vinci's intricate and masterful study of human anatomy, featuring detailed renderings of neck and shoulder muscle structures. The artwork showcases multiple views and stages of dissection, highlighting Leonardo's profound understanding of musculoskeletal dynamics and his commitment to scientific art.

62. Portrait of a Lady from the Court of Milan, called La Belle Ferronniere

Portrait of a Lady from the Court of Milan, called La Belle Ferronniere

The artwork titled "Portrait of a Lady from the Court of Milan, called La Belle Ferronniere," created by Leonardo da Vinci between 1490 and 1495, is an exquisite oil painting on wood measuring 63 x 45 cm (24 3/4 x 17 3/4 inches). Currently housed at the Musée du Louvre in Paris, the painting showcases a refined depiction of a woman adorned in Renaissance attire, characterized by intricate detailing and a serene yet enigmatic expression. The subject's elegant dress and composed posture reflect the sophisticated artistry and technical brilliance of Leonardo da Vinci.

63. Portrait of Isabella d'Este

Portrait of Isabella d'Este

The artwork, "Portrait of Isabella d'Este," created by Leonardo da Vinci in 1500, is a chalk drawing on paper that exemplifies the High Renaissance movement. This portrait has dimensions of 63 by 46 centimeters and is currently housed in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France, despite being originally created in Italy. The portrait features a detailed depiction of a woman, likely Isabella d'Este, rendered in a delicate and nuanced style characteristic of da Vinci's approach to portraiture. The subject is portrayed with remarkable attention to texture and form, highlighting both the elegance of the sitter and the artist's masterful technique.

64. Self-Portrait

Self-Portrait
  • Artwork Name: Self-Portrait
  • Year: c. 1512
  • Medium: Red chalk
  • Dimensions: 33.3 x 21.3 cm (13 1/8 x 8 3/8 in)

The artwork, titled "Self-Portrait," crafted by the illustrious Leonardo da Vinci circa 1512, is executed in red chalk. It measures 33.3 x 21.3 cm (13 1/8 x 8 3/8 in) and is housed in the Biblioteca Reale in Turin. The piece is a detailed and thoughtful depiction of a bearded man, presumably the artist himself, whose profound expression is captured through delicate and precise lines, showcasing da Vinci's masterful technique and deep introspection.

65. Cats, lions, and a dragon

Cats, lions, and a dragon

66. Study of Grotesque Heads

Study of Grotesque Heads

"Study of Grotesque Heads," created by Leonardo da Vinci around 1494, is an evocative sketch rendered in ink on paper, measuring 26.1 x 20.6 cm. Exemplifying the High Renaissance art movement, this study is currently housed in The Royal Library at Windsor Castle. The artwork, originating from Milan, Italy, showcases da Vinci's masterful ability to capture the exaggerated and expressive features of human faces, reflecting his profound interest in the complexities of human emotion and character.

67. study of the porportions of the head and body

study of the porportions of the head and body

The artwork, titled "Study of the Proportions of the Head and Body," was created around 1490 by Leonardo da Vinci in Milan, Italy. Crafted using metalpoint on paper, the piece belongs to the High Renaissance art movement. With dimensions of 21.3 x 15.3 cm, this sketch and study is housed in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle in London. The artwork meticulously explores human anatomical proportions, presenting a detailed side profile of a human head with inscribed measurements and geometric lines, accompanied by da Vinci's characteristic mirror writing.

68. The Annunciation

The Annunciation
  • Artwork Name: The Annunciation
  • Year: c.1472
  • Medium: Oil on Panel,tempera,wood
  • Dimensions: 217 x 98 cm

"The Annunciation," created by Leonardo da Vinci circa 1472, is an exquisite oil and tempera on a wood panel, measuring 217 x 98 cm. This renowned Early Renaissance religious painting is displayed in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy, although it was originally created in Milan, Italy. The artwork masterfully depicts the moment the Angel Gabriel announces to the Virgin Mary that she would conceive Jesus, portraying a serene and sacred encounter set against a meticulously detailed backdrop, combining naturalistic and architectural elements indicative of Leonardo's keen observation and skill.

69. The Dreyfus Madonna

The Dreyfus Madonna
  • Artwork Name: The Dreyfus Madonna
  • Year: c. 1469
  • Medium: Oil on panel
  • Dimensions: 6 1/8 x 5 in (15.7 x 12.8 cm)

"The Dreyfus Madonna," attributed to Leonardo da Vinci and dating circa 1469, is a masterful oil on panel painting measuring 6 1/8 x 5 inches (15.7 x 12.8 cm). Currently housed at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., the artwork exemplifies da Vinci's early style and skillful depiction of religious subjects. The painting illustrates the Madonna tenderly holding the Christ Child, who gazes up at her with a gentle, touching expression. Subtle details, such as the Madonna's serene face, the youthful energy of the child, and the delicate, intimate scene's composition, contribute to the work's profound emotional depth and artistry. The serene background landscape further enhances the painting's tranquil and spiritual atmosphere.

70. The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne

The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne

"The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne," created circa 1503 to 1519 by Leonardo da Vinci, is an oil on panel masterpiece representing the High Renaissance art movement. Measuring 112 by 168 centimeters, this religious painting, completed in Milan, Italy, is currently housed in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. The artwork depicts Saint Anne seated with her daughter, the Virgin Mary, who, in turn, is holding the infant Jesus. The scene unfolds against a serene landscape, with intricate play of light and shadow highlighting the figures' tender expressions and intimate connection. The young Christ child is depicted grasping a lamb, symbolizing his future sacrifice. This layered composition showcases da Vinci's exceptional skill in rendering human emotion and divine subjects.

71. Portrait of Ginevra Benci

Portrait of Ginevra Benci

Created circa 1474 in Milan, Italy, "Portrait of Ginevra Benci" by Leonardo da Vinci exemplifies the Early Renaissance art movement. This oil on wood portrait, measuring 42 x 37 cm, is currently housed in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. The artwork features a serene, contemplative young woman set against a detailed natural backdrop of foliage and distant landscape, showcasing Leonardo's masterful use of light, shadow, and meticulous attention to detail.

72. Study for the Last Supper

Study for the Last Supper

The artwork titled "Study for the Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci, dated approximately 1494, is an ink sketch on paper measuring 26.6 x 21.4 cm. Created in Milan, Italy, this work exemplifies the High Renaissance art movement and is classified as a sketch and study genre. The sketch shows da Vinci's preparatory work for his prominent mural "The Last Supper," featuring initial outlines and geometric studies. The artwork is currently housed at the Accademia in Venice.

73. The Adoration of the Magi

The Adoration of the Magi

"The Adoration of the Magi," created by Leonardo da Vinci in 1480, is an oil on panel painting representative of the Early Renaissance art movement. This religious artwork, measuring 243 x 246 centimeters, is housed in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy, where it was also created. The painting vividly depicts the biblical scene of the Magi adoring the newborn Christ, encapsulating the essence of reverence and divine worship. The artwork's composition intricately combines dynamic groupings of figures and architectural elements, showcasing da Vinci's masterful use of perspective and human anatomy, despite its unfinished state.

74. The Last Supper

The Last Supper
  • Artwork Name: The Last Supper
  • Year: 1495
  • Medium: plaster,tempera
  • Dimensions: 460 x 880 cm

The artwork, titled "The Last Supper," was painted by Leonardo da Vinci in 1495. Created using plaster and tempera, this High Renaissance masterpiece measures 460 x 880 cm and serves as a significant religious painting. The artwork is housed in the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy, which is also the location where it was originally created. The painting depicts the moment Jesus announces that one of his disciples will betray him, capturing the varied emotional reactions of the twelve apostles.

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