The Temple of Castor and Pollux in Acragas, now known as Agrigento, is a remarkable example of Greek art from the 5th century BC. Founded by Greek colonists from nearby Gela in 580 BC, Acragas flourished due to its wine, olive and horse production with a population of around 200,000 people in the fifth century BC. The Temple of Castor and Pollux was constructed during this time period.
Originally known as the Temple of Demeter and Persephone, it was renamed by Romans in 201 BC to represent their military power. The temple underwent two building phases: between the sixth- fifth centuries BC and between 340 BC and the First Punic War. Despite damage over time due to earthquakes, periodic restoration has kept this historically significant structure well preserved.
Castor and Pollux were twin half-brothers popularly known for bravery in battle across Greek mythology. The temple is believed to have been built after victory at the Battle of Lake Regillus under a consensus that they were responsible for Rome’s success on battlefield. It is said that during construction there was an outbreak of malaria disease among workers which caused construction stoppages but resumed again until it was completed.
The architectural design displays exceptional craftsmanship ,perfect harmony with nature while retaining cultural heritage that embodied religious belief system within ancient Greece era. Today this site remains one of great historical significance and attracts many visitors who come to admire its historic architecture amidst stunning scenery along Mediterranean coastal lines.