Kurt Schwitters was a German artist born in 1887 in Hanover, Germany. His famous artwork, Merzbild Einunddreissig (merzpicture Thirty-one), was created in 1920 and exemplifies the Dada style. The piece was assembled using scraps and objects collected from the streets of Hanover and carefully composed and affixed with glue and nails to a painted board.
Merzbild Einunddreissig is an excellent example of assemblage art and exhibits a similar color palette to another Schwitters’ work, Merz Picture 25A: The Star Picture. This masterpiece is one of the main works from the early days of “Merz,” a term developed by Schwitters in 1919 to describe his extensive art activities aimed at achieving a new aesthetic order using waste products.
Schwitters’s work on the Hanover Merzbau began around 1923, where he constructed an architectural installation or “Merzbau.” Unfortunately, it was destroyed during an Allied bombing raid in WWII. Even though Kurt fled Nazi Germany to Norway in 1937, his innovative approach left behind an influence that impacted how artists have approached creation over time.
In conclusion, Merzbild Einunddreissig by Kurt Schwitters is an essential piece both admiration from creatives within the Dada movement and for identifying key ideas about waste product usage within art creation that served as inspiration for later artwork crafting methods.